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Basic Information Technology

Lecturer: Ms. Farwah Ahmad

Kicking off…..

Class Rules



On Time
Disciplined
Participative
Decide what will happen if any of the above rule is violated?

Grading Policy


Mid-Term
Final Exam
Teacher Evaluation


Class participation/Attendence
Assignment/Quiz
Project

25%
50%
25%
5%
10%
10%

Chapter 1: END-USER COMPUTING .

Computer    An electronic device which is capable of receiving data in a particular form and of performing a sequence of operations in accordance with a predetermined but variable set of procedural program to produce a result in the form of information. Machine that processes facts and figure to produce information Help people organize and save their thoughts .

Historical Changes in Computer Technology  The 1950s and 1960s: Early Mainframe Computers • Highly Centralized Very Large Powerful Computer Systems Located at a central site in the organization Programmed and operated by computer professionals in the Data processing (DP) department . • • • • .The division that programs and operates the organization’s mainframe computer system.

.Historical Changes in Computer Technology  The 1950s and 1960s: Early Mainframe Computers • Use primarily to automate Transaction process and as MIS -Use of computers to input large volume of business activities and data processing. • MIS refers to computer software that automates the preparation of reports for managers and employees. • Data for input to a mainframe had to be delivered physically.

The 1950s and 1960s: Early Mainframe Computers .

The 1950s and 1960s: Early Mainframe Computers .

• Display only text • Too expensive .Historical Changes in Computer Technology  The 1970s: The First Steps Toward Decentralized Computing • Decentralized computers • Terminal: A keyboard and a display screen that are connected to a mainframe computer by pair of wires were used by employees to enter or access information.

The 1970s: The First Steps Toward Decentralized Computing .

• Smaller computers Less powerful than a mainframe Much less expensive • • .Historical Changes in Computer Technology  The 1970s: The First Steps Toward Decentralized Computing • Another step towards decentralized computing was the introduction of minicomputers during 1970’s.

Complete computer built on small scale with a microprocessor as the central processing unit. Dbase etc • The development of user-friendly Graphical user interfaces -Screen images that enable users to access the program features and functions by making the program much easier to use.Visi-Calc . . • The availability of inexpensive productivity software . Lotus.Historical Changes in Computer Technology  The 1980s and 1990s: The Growth of Decentralized Computing • The backlog in requests for new mainframe applications An increase in the number of knowledge workers The availability of inexpensive Microcomputers • • .

The 1980s and 1990s: The Growth of Decentralized Computing .

Requires a network technology to link central systems and personal computers .Historical Changes in Computer Technology  The Late 1990s and 2000s: The Era of Distributed and Network Computing • Distributed Computing refers to environment in which the needs of the • organization determine the location of its computer resources.

Timeline of computer decentralization .

equipment. They employ a different mix of computer skills.End-user Computing    End-user computing refers to the every day use of computers for both business and personal use. End-user is a person who knows how to use a computer and communication technology to organize data. programs and data . solve problems and communicate the results to others. stimulate new ideas.

END-USER CLASSIFICATIONS .

The IPOS cycle .

The IPOS cycle .

Types of Data .

Types of Data     Numeric: Consist of numbers and decimal points as well as plus/minus sign.g. Textual: Any combination of letter. temperature and pressure . Audiovisual: Various forms of data that we can hear or see Physical: Data captured from environment e. numbers and special characters. voice. light. sound.

Hardware vs. Software .

Hardware .

Software .

The Impact of Information Technology .

What computer can do?  Allow us to accomplish many tasks  Provide us with lots of information  Store and retrieve information from us  Allow us to browse the web  Make business and individuals more efficient .

What computer can’t do? .