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Presentation On

Rectangular Beam Design

USD Method of Designing Singly & Doubly Reinforced Beam

The Following Presentation Is Conducted for to Meet the Purpose of Course CE-416 : Pre-Stressed Concrete Sessional .

01.041 4th Year 2nd Semester Section-A .03.Presented ByEjaj Ahmed 10.

9 for Bending in Reinforced Beam. = 0.  ɸ = 0. d Physical Factors • Steel Area Strength Factors Important Considerations In Design •Factored Loads (Generally 1. .5in or 1. fy(40-60 grade) • Spacing of Reinforcement-----.(≥ maximum diameter of the bars or 1-1.75 for Shear and Tension.Factors Affecting Design • Compressive Strength of Concrete.6 Live Load which implies factored moment Mu) •Capacity Reduction Factors.( for main bars 1in and stirrups 0.2 Dead Load + 1.50 times maximum size of aggregate) • Concrete Cover-----. f‘c (3000-5000psi) • Yield Strength of Steel.75 in) • Beam Width • Beam Depth.

003.  Failure with warning • Over Reinforced Beam  When steel begin to yield with concrete compressive failure.003+(fy/Ey)}*d].  Steel ratio <<<< ρb.003/0.  ρb = 0. . • Under Reinforced Beam  When steel begin to yield even though concrete compressive strain < 0.003.  Sudden Failure.  Steel ratio >>>> ρb.Important Definitions • Balanced Steel Ratio  When due to same load tensile steel theoretically reach its yield and concrete attains its ultimate strain 0.85 * (f’c/fy) * [{0.

Design as when ɸMn ≥ Mu Design as when ɸMn ≤ Mu. Steel in Compression as well as Tension Zone. Generally Rectangular Beam. Design procedure is General Flexural Design.Design Types of RCC Beams Singly Reinforced Beam Doubly Reinforced Beam Steel Only at Tension Zone i.e. below neutral zone. . Both Rectangular and T-beam. General Flexural Design both for top and bottom fibre.

Flexural Design Equations Singly Reinforced Beam .

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Doubly Reinforced Beam .

Which is--Mu = Mn1 + Mn2 Where. generally d’ = 3in . So. to design doubly reinforced beam steel for both concrete-steel couple and steel-steel couple is determined. Mu should be combination of moment by concrete-steel and steel-steel couple.5*a).Now. As it is the case where ɸMn ≤ Mu. As1 = Required Steel Area = ρbd Mn2 = Mu – Mn1 =As'fy(d-d’). Mn1 = Asfy(d-0.

Shear Design Equations • Using FEM formula find Vu. Smax = d/2. • Calculate Va = {ɸ*2√(f’c)bd}/1000 kip. .  This spacing will be used when Vu < Va. • For #3 or ϕ10 bar Spacing S= (ɸAvfyd)/(Vu-Va) • Maximum Spacing is the smallest of Smax = (Avfy)/0.74√(f’c)b ≤ (Avfy)/50b. Smax = 24 in.