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Classification and Definition of

Literary Types

A. Poetry

I.
Narrative poetry
- Tells a story in richly imaginative and rythmical
language

A.Epic
is a long narrative poem divided into
distinct parts and episodes bound together
by a common relationship to some great
hero, action, and time.

Two types of Epic
A. Folk or Popular Epic (Beowulf and Nibelungelaid)
- does not have a known author but evolved gradually from
the people ancient traditions.
B. Literary Epics
- it has a distinct author
ex. Paradise Lost by Milton

B. Metrical Romance
is a long, rambling love story in verse. Ideals of chivalry,
romantic love, religious elements predominated is most
characterized by the middle ages.
C. Ballad
is a short narrative poem intended to be sung. Types can
either be folk or literary.

. Metrical Tale is to poetry what the short story is to prose.C. straightforward. and realistic manner. It deals with emotions or phrase of life and its story is told in a simple.

. Lyric Poetry expresses personal thoughts and feelings. Pindar of Greece. The poet of the athlete – ancient tome.II. A. Ex. Ode is rather extended poem usually complicated in meter and stanza forms. It is said tobe most majestic of lyric type. and always deals with serious theme such as immortality.

C. such as marriage songs 2. it has that particular melodious quality required by singing voice.are songs in praise of God. Sacred songs . Strictly. It contains the personal grief for a loved one or a loss affecting the public. . it is a poem that can be distinguished by its subject – DEATH. Elegy is generally a poem of a subjective and meditative nature. Secular songs – nonreligious thems.B. Song is a short lyric poem intended to be sung. 1.

It produces a single emotional affect. . the rising in the octave and the falling in the sestet. Sonnet is a lyric poem distinguished by its exact form – fourteen iambic parameter lines. Simple Lyric is any short poem where the verse is especially musical or where there is a marked subjective or emotional tone. the lines are arranged in two waves of thought. E.D.

The Italian Sonnet – contains an octave where the theme. the sonnet. or the last two lines. . problem. or desire is presented and a sestet where a resolution or conclusion is reached. presents and develops its theme in the first three quartarians and states a conclusion in the couplet. iambic pentameter.Type 1. 2.Shakespearian (English) Sonnet.bab-cdcdefef-gg its typical form. hope.

. Vers de societe is a light verse occasional and complimentary verse which deals in a witty and polished fashion with subjects that. are not very serious.E. on the surface at least.

III. DRAMATIC POETRY portrays life and character through action in powerful.Poetic plays 1. A. . character. emotion – packed lines such as those in shakespeare`s play. The comedy presents incongruous aspects of human speech. and conduct as they are displayed in social life. Comedy is a type of Drama which aims primarily to amuse and which ends happily.

sentimental love story. 4.is a play with sensational actions. Farce . . 3. and generally. Melodrama . extravagant emotions. Tragedy .is an exaggerated comedy based broadly on humorous situations. a happy ending.2.is a type of drama in which the chief character undergoes a morally significant struggle which ends disastrously.

actions. but the presence.. Dramatic Monologue .B. C.is a form of court pageantry that flourished in England in the 16th century but was not revived later. and even the words of other characters are implied.is a poem in which one character speaks throughout. Masque . .

The Essay is a short literary composition in prose dealing with single matter usually from a personal point of view.B. . Prose I.

Reflective essay .Prose A. . wisdom coached in memorable sentences.are serious and dignified and usually employs aphorisms.

vividness. .makes use of an incident to illustrate an idea or theme C.Prose B.has some narrative elements as well as color. Narrative story essay . and realistic portrayals. Descriptive Essay .

Nature Essay . . pictorial vein or more thoughtful.sketches life or presents character E.attempt to picture the world of Gods creation and may do so in a graphic. philosophical manner.Prose D. Bibliographical essay .

Critical Essay . and book reviews. literary criticism.includes biographical criticism. It is a record of an analytical mind weighing the virtues and faults of a literary piece .Prose F.

. they are also called journalistic. Didactic essays .Prose G.enforce a moral and therefore the tone is serious and didactic. Periodical Essays . H. hence.are generally published in periodicals.

Fiction .is the literary production of mans imagination finding shape in stories of peoples or events. .Prose II.

ideas.Prose A. and actions stand for something else or for a system of ideas with meanings implied. . Prose Allegory is a prose form in which the characters.

2009 . Fable •A short story. that teaches a lesson about what is important in life.1. usually with animal characters. Walsh Publishing Co.

• Magic is often present in myths. Myths • Myths are early people’s way to explain the universe. • Human emotions are experienced by the gods. • Many gods and goddesses are present in myths • The gods.2. goddesses. • Gods sometimes appear in Walsh Publishing Co. 2009 disguised form . and heroes are super human in nature.

handed down from the past that people tell as a “true story” but sometimes the details are difficult to confirm. The person telling the story usually does not claim to be an eyewitness to the events.. Legends often contain a moral or a lesson and are told to uphold the values of the community. Legend • • • • A story. 2009 . They often involve supernatural or religious elements Walsh Publishing Co..3. but “heard” it from someone who knows someone who heard it from someone who was “really” there.

fantastic. occur. Prose Romances are types of stories in which some supernatural or magical events. . and unrealistic.Prose B.

1. Fairy Tales • Often begins with “Once upon a time” or “Long. long ago…” Includes a good character and a bad (evil) character Includes magic or something enchanted Setting is often a forest or a castle Involves a problem that is solved and the good people live happily ever after Walsh Publishing Co. 2009 .

• Sometimes different versions in different cultures • Original storyteller is unknown • Can involve animals. wishes. 2009 . magic.2. trickery and often the number 3 Walsh Publishing Co. usually by word of mouth. Folk Tale • Story told generation to generation.

3. Also Myth and Legends .

. the clergy. and marriage. Fabliu.Prose C. Prose Satires . cynically and slyly satirical directed against women.are stories in which human vices and follies are held up to ridicule.is a short amusing tale often bawdy or obscene. Ex.

Love c. Novels are prose narratives on a large scale (book-length) and can be divided into three types: a.Prose D. Adventurous novels . Fantasy b.

. climax. Short Story . and a resolution. unity.is a prose narrative of limited length which must have characterization. cumulative interest.Prose E.

Prose F. but no exact limits can be given as to length. It is about 50 to 150 pages long. Novelettes .are prose narratives that are intermediate between the short story and the novels. .

. The essence of drama is the make believe by which an actor impersonates a character of the play.is a literary work written in dialogue and intended for presentation by actors.Prose III. Prose Drama .

3.Prose Same divisions under poetic play apply to prose drama: 1. 5. 4. 2. Comedy Tragedy Melodrama Farce History play .

there are scores of special.Prose However. is intended for private reading rather than stage performance 2. types such as: 1. Closet drama which though written in dramatic form. 3. 4. . Comedy of Manners is a type of play which satirizes the extremes of fashion and manners. Problem Plays are neither comedies nor tragedies but deal with middle – class life and problems. Tragicomedy is a combination of the elements of a tragedy and comedy.

but the dialogue was improvised during performance. Comedy del l`arte was a type of comedy developed in 16th century Italy and its essential characteristics was that it was based on on a plot outlined in advance.Prose 5. .

Prose IV. d. b. Biography and Autobiography Letters Diaries and Journals Book review Scientific and Current Publications . Non Fiction prose type a. c.

The end!!! .

POETRY VOCABULARY • • • • • • • End rhyme Repetition Alliteration Onomatopoeia Simile Metaphor Free Verse .

RHYME • Rhyme is used in many poems. Using words that sound alike makes poetry fun to read and write. • Examples: – drink & stink – world & hurled .

Chirping robin. • • • • • • • Here comes summer. By Shel Silverstein . summer clothes. Here comes summer. budding rose. Here comes summer.Repetition • Repetition is used to make an impact on the poem’s tone. Words or phrases are repeated throughout the poem. Here comes summer. Gentle showers.

like a tongue twister. • My beautiful bubbles burst and then. • Making room for the milky moon. • The setting sun slipped slowly down. • I simply blow some more again.Alliteration • Alliteration uses the same beginning word sounds over and over. .

Simile and Metaphor • Similes are comparisons that use “like” or “as. . • Metaphors are comparisons that say one thing is another. Clouds soft and fluffy like marshmallows. My father’s anger is a volcano about to blow.” Her eyes are as green as emeralds.

. It usually does have rhythm. however.Free Verse • Free verse is poetry that has neither a particular beat or rhyme pattern.

Onomatopoeia • Onomatopoeia is the use of words that imitate sounds. • Wham! Splat! Pow! I am in trouble now! .

Patterned Poetry • Patterned poems usually do not rhyme! • They follow a specific pattern. acrostic. initial. . and concrete poetry. cinquain. • Examples include haiku.

Video Clip: Hailstones and Halibut Bones by Mary O’ Neill .