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STUDY ON GROUND

VIBRATION
MONITORING SCHEME
IN MALAYSIA
Present by: Lee Kwan Hau
Supervisor: Dr. Norhisham
Bakhary

Introduction
Ground Vibration - continual problem
for industry, structural health and
public
Causing structure damage and
discomfort, losing money and time
Assessment only when complaint or
noticeable building crack
Two case studies in vibration
assessment

The objectives of the


research
To find out the suitable vibration
monitoring standard.
To investigate the suitable
parameters for vibration monitoring.
To determine the suitable vibration
limit for structure and human
comfort.

Vibration Parameter
VDV (vibration dose value)
a cumulative measurement of the
vibration level received over an 8-hour
or 16-hour period.

PPV (Peak Particle Velocity)


The maximum value of particle velocity
obtained during an interval.

Suggested standard
Situation
General
Vibratio
n (civil
activity
and
traffic)
Blastin
g

Description
Standard to
apply
Human BS
6472- VDV values:
Respons 1:2008
0.1 mm/s-1.75 to 1.6mm/s-1.75.
e
(16 hours day/ 8 hours night)
Structur DIN
4150- PPV values:
al
3:1999
2.5mm/s to 40mm/s depend
Damage
on frequencies and type of
structure.
Human BS
6472- PPV values:
Respons 2:2008
2mm/s to 14mm/s.
e
Structur Report of
PPV values:
al
Investigations 12.7mm/s and 19mm/s for
Damage 8507
frequencies <40Hz,
50.8mm/s for frequencies >
40Hz.

Suggested standard
Situation
Piling

Standard
to apply
Human
BS 5228Response 4:1992
Structura BS 5228l Damage 4:1992

Description
PPV values:
- 0.3mm/s
PPV values:
Residential Building
-10mm/s (intermittent vibration)
-5mm/s (continuous vibration)
Light and flexible structure
-20mm/s (intermittent vibration)
-10mm/s (continuous vibration)
Heavy and stiff buildings
-30mm/s (intermittent vibration)
-15mm/s (continuous vibration)

Site Monitoring

Site A
Menara
Ansar

Constructio
n Site

Site B

Constructio
n Site

Hospital Sultan
Ismail

Result (Site A)

Result (Site B)

Peak Particle Velocity (mm/s)


Maximu
Minimu
Highest

Axis
m
Vertical
Transverse
Longitudin
al

m
3.06
0.83
0.57

4.05
0.68
0.58

4.05
0.83
0.58

Result (compare with


standard)
Monitoring Maximum
Site
PPV
(mm/s)

Vibration
Case

Maximum
PPV
allowable
(mm/s)

Result
(Pass/fail)

Site A

Human
Response

0.3

Fail

Building
Damage

10

Pass

Human
Response

0.3

Fail

Building
Damage

20

Pass

Site B

1.58

4.05

Conclusion
The suitable parameter for vibration
monitoring for piling activity is peak
particle velocity (PPV).
For both of the piling site, the vibration
induced by piling activities are not high
enough to cause structural damage, but it
is causing annoyance to the human
activity.
Beside distance, there are others factors
affecting the level of vibration.

Question?

Thanks
You