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Com puter System

System Software serves as the interface between the user.A C TIV ITY 1: S Y S TEM S O FTW A R E System Software consists of programs that control the operations of the computer and its device. . the application software and the computer hardware.

Macintosh OS X.TH ER E A R E TW O TY P ES O F S Y S TEM S O FTW A R E A)Operating System An operating System is the program that is loaded into the computer and coordinates all the activities among computer hardware devices. peripherals. Linux. It controls the hardware in the computer. It enables the user to communicate with the computer and other software. Some examples of operating system are Microsoft Windows. manages memory and files. . Unix and also DOS.

check and defragm ent disks.B) Utility Program s Utility program allow s user to perform m aintenance-type tasks. . It has been integrated into m ost m ajor operating such as form at. O ther exam ples ofUtility program s are antivirus and fi le com pression program s.

if loads the operating system into the computer’s memory.A C TIV ITY 2: FU N C TIO N S O F O P ER ATIN G S Y S TEM The first function of an operating system is to start the computer. This process is called booting. Booting means to load and initialize the operating system on a computer machine. When we start a computer. .

. This function and how information is displayed. the most important function of an operating system.P R O V ID IN G A U S ER IN TER FA C E From the user’s perspective. is providing the user interface.

To shut dow n the com puter safely by follow ing the correct procedures. . copying and renam ing.The User Interface typically enables users: To start an application program . To m anage disks and fi les such as form ating.

When we start an application. In the early days of personal computing single-tasking operating system could run only one application at a time. the CPU loads the application from storage into memory. Multitasking operating system enable users to work with two or more application programs at the same time. .M A N A G IN G D ATA A N D P R O G R A M The next function of an operating system is to manage data and programs.

.M A N A G IN G M EM O R Y Operating system is also responsible for managing memory such as : Optimizing the use of Ransom Access Memory (RAM). Allocating data and instruction to an area of memory while being processed. Monitoring the contents of memory. Releasing data and instructions from being monitored in memory when the process is done.

These drivers install new devices and check whenever there is conflict with these devices. . as well as enabling communication with input and output devices. Most operating system come with drivers for popular input and output devices.C O N FIG U R IN G D EV IC ES Another function of an operating system is handling input and output.

Dos Windows No Disk Operating System Windows 1) CommandLine Icon Based 2) Difficult to use because it requires exact spellings. Easy to interact with buttons. . icons and other graphical object to issue commands. syntax or a set of rules of entering commands and punctuation.

. The icons that are used represent computer resources such as files. programs and network communications. It controls how you enter data and how the screen displays information.A C TIV ITY 4: O S IN TER N ET EN V IR O N M EN T Characteristics of OS Environment Based Graphical User Interface(GUI): Graphical User Interface is an interface that combines text. It is also called ‘user-friendly’ It allows you to interact with the software using menus and visual images such as buttons. graphic and icons to make software easier to be used. icons and other graphical objects to issue commands.