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B.Sc.

Transportation Engineering
Session 2010 (8th Semester)
Transportation Asset
Management
Lecture 1

Course Resources

INFRASTRUCTURE MANAGEMENT
(W. Ronald Hudson, Ralph Haas, Waheed Uddin)

TRANSPORTATION ASSET MANAGEMENT GUIDE


(American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, AASHTO)

FHWA Official Resource Material

ASSET
A useful and desirable thing or quality
Physical infrastructure of the
transportation system (e.g. guide
ways, structures, and associated
features, utilities, and appurtenances)
Agencys human resources, financial
capacity, equipment and vehicle
fleets, materials stocks, real estate,
and corporate data and information.

INFRASTRUCTURE
Physical
systems or
facilities
that
provide
essential
public
services.

Types of Highway
Assets/Infrastructure
5

Physical
Assets
Pavement
Assets
Bridge Assets
Traffic
Safety
Drainage
Infrastructure
Mobility Assets

Physical
Assets
Pavement
Assets
Bridge Assets
Traffic
Safety
Drainage
Infrastructure
Mobility Assets

Physical
Assets
Pavement
Assets
Bridge Assets
Traffic
Safety
Drainage
Infrastructure
Mobility Assets

Physical
Assets
Pavement
Assets
Bridge Assets
Traffic
Safety
Drainage
Infrastructure
Mobility Assets

Physical
Assets
Pavement
Assets
Bridge Assets
Traffic
Safety
Drainage
Infrastructure
Mobility Assets

10

Physical
Assets
Pavement
Assets
Bridge Assets
Traffic
Safety
Drainage
Infrastructure
Mobility Assets

11

Physical
Assets
Pavement
Assets
Bridge Assets
Traffic
Safety
Drainage
Infrastructure
Mobility Assets

Physical
Assets
Pavement
Assets
Bridge Assets
Traffic
Safety
Drainage
Infrastructure
Mobility Assets

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Physical
Assets
Pavement
Assets
Bridge Assets
Road Signs
Safety
Drainage
Infrastructure
Mobility Assets

13

Physical
Assets
Pavement
Assets
Bridge Assets
Traffic
Safety
Drainage
Infrastructure
Mobility Assets

14

Physical
Assets
Pavement
Assets
Bridge Assets
Traffic
Safety
Drainage
Infrastructure
Mobility Assets

15

16

Physical
Assets
Pavement
Assets
Bridge Assets
Traffic
Safety
Drainage
Infrastructure
Mobility Assets

17

Physical
Assets
Pavement
Assets
Bridge Assets
Traffic Signs
Safety
Drainage
Infrastructure
Mobility Assets

18

Physical
Assets
Pavement
Assets
Bridge Assets
Traffic
Safety Assets
Drainage
Infrastructure
Mobility Assets

19

Physical
Assets
Pavement
Assets
Bridge Assets
Traffic
Safety Assets
Drainage
Infrastructure
Mobility Assets

20

Physical
System
Pavement
Assets
Bridge Assets
Traffic
Safety
Drainage
Infrastructure
Mobility Assets

21

Physical
System
Pavement
Assets
Bridge Assets
Traffic
Safety
Drainage
Infrastructure
Mobility Assets

22

Physical
Assets
Pavement
Assets
Bridge Assets
Traffic
Safety
Drainage
Infrastructure
Mobility Assets

Source: http://avtinc.net/

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Physical
Assets
Pavement
Assets
Bridge Assets
Traffic
Safety
Drainage
Infrastructure
Mobility Assets

MANAGEMENT

The act or art of managing

The coordination and judicious use of


means and tools, such as funding and
economic analysis to optimize output or
accomplish a goal of infrastructure
operation.

Infrastructure Management

It includes the systematic, coordinated


planning and programming of investments
or expenditures, design, construction,
maintenance, operation, and in-service
evaluation of physical facilities.

It is a broad process, covering those


activities involved in providing and
maintaining infrastructure at a level of
service acceptable to the public or owners.

Asset Management System

The term Asset Management


System embraces all the processes,
tools, data and policies necessary to
achieve the goal of effectively
managing assets.

Transportation Asset Management


Transportation Asset Management is a strategic and
systematic process of operating, maintaining, upgrading
and expanding physical assets effectively throughout their
lifecycle. It focuses on business and engineering practices
for resource allocation and utilization, with the objective
of better decision making based upon quality information
and well defined objectives.
(AASHTO Subcommittee on Asset Management)

Why Transportation Asset Management?


Increasingly complex challenge of improving safety,

mobility and the aesthetics of highway system in an


environment of constrained resources.
To ensure that we invest the public funding entrusted to
us wisely
Minimize longterm costs in achieving our desired
service level objectives.

Asset Management: Five Core


Questions
1.

What is the current state of my assets?

2.

What is my required level of service/ performance?

3.

Which assets are critical to sustained performance?

4.

What are my best Operations and Maintenance


and Capital Improvement investment strategies?

5.

What is my best long-term funding strategy?

1. What is the current state of my assets?

What do I own?
Where is it?
What condition is it in?
What is its remaining useful life?
What is its remaining economic value?

2. What is my required level of service/


performance level?
What is the demand for services by

stakeholders?
Are there regulatory requirements?
What is my actual performance?

3. Which assets are critical to sustained


performance?
How

does it fail? How can it fail?


What is the likelihood of failure?
What does it cost to repair?
What are the consequences of failure?

4. What are my best Operations and


Maintenance and Capital Improvement
investment strategies?

What alternative management options exist?


Which are the most feasible for my organization?

5. What is my best long-term funding strategy?

Infrastructure and Society

The success and progress of human


society depends on physical
infrastructure for distributing resources
and essential services to the public.

A nation's economic strength is reflected


in its infrastructure assets.

Road Infrastructure and Economic


Development

There is a very strong association


between economic development in
terms of per capita gross national
product (GNP), and road infrastructure.
Gross national product(GNP) is the
measure of a nation's total market value
of the goods and services that are
produced annually.
PGNP= -3.39 + 1.24(LPR)

Road Infrastructure and Economic


Development

Clarification of the relationship between


infrastructure and economic development is
provided by Queiroz in his World Bank study.

It shows a very strong association between


economic development in terms of per capita
gross national product (GNP), and road infrastructure.

Road infrastructure can be characterized by


spatial density, which is a country's road length
per land area, and road density, which is the
length of the road network per capita.
Road transport is important to economic activity,
especially in developing countries, where it plays
an essential role in marketing agricultural
products and providing access to health,
education, and other services.

A good road system gives a country a competitive


edge in moving goods efficiently and economically.

Considering the United States as illustrative of a highly


developed country, there is a vast amount of historical
data available on the road network and the economy.

A time-series analysis of this data from 1950 to 1988


shows a significant positive relationship between per
capita GNP and density of paved roads
PGNP = -3.39 + 1.24(LPR)

A similar type of analysis for 98


developing countries was carried out by
Queiroz and Gautam, with the resulting
equation:
PGNP = 1.39 (LPR)