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SCREENING

Fusi, Genina Joy A.


ChE-3202

SCREENING
Is a method of separating a particles according to size alone.
In industrial screening, the solids are dropped on, or thrown
against, a screening surface. The undersize, or fines, pass
through the screen openings; oversize, or tails , do not. A
single screen can make but a single separation into two
fractions.

Screening Terminology:
Undersize : Fines or minus (-)
material, material passing
through a given screen.

Oversize : Tails or plus (+)


material, material retained on a
given screen.

Screen aperture : The space


between the wires of the screen
mesh.In this case aperture
actually depends on the wire
diameter, but for standard
screens, wire size in specified.
Mesh is often used in
determining the
particle-size distributionof a
granular material. Ameshis a
barrier made of connected
strands ofmetal,fiber, or other
flexible/ductile materials. A mesh
is similar to awebor anetin
that it has many attached or
woven strands.

Industrial screens is made up of woven wire, silk or plastic


cloth, metal bars, perforated or slotted metal plates, or
wires that are wedge- shaped in cross section.

Types of Screen Media


Woven Wire Cloth
Woven wire cloth, typically produced from
stainless steel, is commonly employed as a
filtration medium for sieving in a wide range
of industries.

Perforated & Punch Plate


On a crushing and screening plant, punch
plates or perforated plates are mostly used
on scalper vibrating screens, after raw
products pass on grizzly bars. Most likely
installed on a tensioned deck, punch plates
offer excellent wear life for high-impact and
high material flow applications.

Synthetic screen media


(typically rubber or
polyurethane)
Synthetic screen media is used where
wear life is an issue. Large producers such
as mines or huge quarries use them to
reduce the frequency of having to stop the
plant for screen deck maintenance.

FIGURE 1. (a) gyrations in horizontal plane; (b) gyrations in vertical


plane ; (c) gyrations at one end, shaking at other; (c) shaking ; (e)
mechanically vibrated ; (f) electrically vibrated.

SCREENING EQUIPMENTS

STATIONARY SCREENS AND


GRIZZLIES
A grizzly is a grid of parallel metal bars set in an inclined
stationary frame.
The slope and the path of the material are usually parallel to
the length of the bars. Very coarse feed, as from a primary
crushers, falls on the upper end of the grid. Large chunks roll
and slide to the tails discharge; small lumps falls through to
a separate collector.

STATIONARY SCREENS AND


GRIZZLIES

GRATING SCREEN
A heavy duty gyrating screen. Two screens, one above the other, are
held in a casing inclined at an angle between 16 and 30 with the
horizontal.
The feed mixture is dropped on the upper screen near its highest point.
Casing and screens are gyrated in a vertical plane about a horizontal
axis by an eccentric that is set halfway between the feedpoint and the
discharge. The rate of gyration is between 600 and 1800 r/min. Oversize
particles fall from the lower ends of the screens into collecting duct;
fines pass through the bottom screen into a discharge chute.

GRATING SCREEN

VIBRATING SCREEN
Screens that are rapidly vibrated with small amplitude are
less likely to blind than are gyrating screens.
The vibrations may be generated mechanically or
electrically . mechanical vibrations are usually transmitted
from high speed eccentrics to the casing of the unit and
from there to steeply inclined screens.
Electrical vibrations from heavy-duty solenoids are
transmitted to casing or directly to the screens

VIBRATING SCREEN

CENTRIFUGAL SIFTER
In these machines, the screen is a horizontal cylinder of
woven metal or plastic.
High speed helical paddleson a central shaft impel the solids
against the inside of the stationary screen; fines pass
through , and oversize conveyed to the discharged.

CENTRIFUGAL SIFTER

Factors affecting the efficiency of a screening system:

Rate of Feeding
Particle size
Moisture
Worn or damaged screens
Blinding of the screens
Electrostatic charge

Application
mining and mineral processing industry
production of wood pellets

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