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between

Mass & Weight

That’s heavy man.

Heavy…

**What we learned last time:
**

Gravity is dependant upon the mass of two

objects and the distance between them.

– If mass increases – Force of Gravity increases

– If distance increases – Force of Gravity decreases.

Jupiter has more mass than Earth;

Therefore it has more gravity

**The satellite is farther from the center of Earth than we are;
**

Therefore the planet is not pulling as hard on the satellite

as the person standing on the surface!

What is Weight?

• Definition: Weight is a measurement of how

strongly gravity pulls on a mass.

• Weight is completely dependent on the amount

of gravity there is.

• It the result of the force of gravity!!!

• Without gravity there is NO WEIGHT (the

ultimate diet plan!!!)

**Amount of Mass & Gravity =
**

Weight

• If you add more mass – you’ve increased

the attractive force between you and the

The Earth

earth

must really

• Therefore you “weigh” more!

like me!

**Gravity, Distance and Weight:
**

• If I leave the earth and head to outer space, I

am farther away from the gravity source.

• Therefore, you weigh less.

Dude! I

CAN

FLOAT

AROUND!

Mass ≠ Weight

• Mass and Weight are NOT the same thing!

• Mass: Amount of matter an object contains

– Has inertia (resistance to a push/pull)

• Weight (Force):

– Dependant upon Gravity (mass is not)

• Attraction between two objects

• Can change if the objects change distance or

mass

**Weight really is a measurement of the gravitational
**

attraction

between

you and

earth.

Mass

and

Gravity

=theWeight

Remember – Weight is a force measurement

When gravity pulls on your mass,

the resulting force is called “weight”!

Source of Gravity

Small mass = less pull = less weight

Source of Gravity

Large mass = more pull = more weight

**Compare: Mass vs. Weight on
**

different planets:

Same person on

Jupiter is 354.6 lbs!!!

Person on Earth

is 150 lbs!

**Why is this true? What is different
**

between Jupiter and Earth?

Jupiter has more mass than the Earth

Therefore it has more gravity! Your same

mass would weigh more on Jupiter than on Earth!

Q: Did the person’s MASS (amount

of matter that makes them

up) ever change?

**Q: How does gravity
**

accelerate an object?

How objects fall as a result of gravity was a matter of debate for scientific

thinkers as far back as ancient times!

A “philosopher” named Aristotle felt that heavier objects

(greater weight) would fall faster than lighter objects

when pulled by gravity… This idea was accepted for 100’s of years!

After many years (during the renaissance) a scientist

To try and prove

idea, had

he took

cannonidea:

balls to the

namedhis

Galileo

a different

So what happened?

top of the leaning tower of Pisa…

Well, let’s go see for

ourselves!

He felt

that

objectsthem!!!

would fall at the same rate

And

then

heall

dropped

no matter what the mass or weight was…

Test of Gravity

• Which one fell faster – the heavier

one or the lighter one?

• Galileo found that no matter how

large or small, the objects fell at

the same Velocity.

• So at what rate do objects

accelerate due to Earth’s gravity?

**Acceleration Rate of the Earth
**

What is the acceleration of this interval?

1sec – 9.8m @ 9.8 m/s

What is the acceleration of this interval?

2sec – 19.6m @ 19.6 m/s

What is the acceleration of this interval?

3sec – 44.1m @ 29.4 m/s

•Gravity’s Acceleration on the Earth = 9.8 m/s2

Wait a second!

We already talked about how leaves and feathers

fall very slowly and even changes directions

So what makes the leaf and feather fall

differently than a cannon ball?

**So will feathers and leaves always
**

fall slower than cannon balls?

Q: So what if we

got rid of all the

air?

**Galileo Experiment – Apollo 15
**

Hammer & Feather Experiment

Google Video

**So how do we solve for weight?
**

Force = Mass x Acceleration

[ m]

Force [ N ] mass [kg ] Acceleration rate of gravity (9.8 2 )

[s ]

[kg m]

N

2

[s ]

**Acceleration Rate of Earth’s
**

Gravitational Pull

Weight = Mass x Gravity Acceleration

**• Compare your weight on Earth to what is
**

would be on the Moon:

• Discuss: Why does your weight change?

• Discuss: Does your mass change as well?

Class Activity

Gravity and Weight Lab

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