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**Short Informational Videos
**

Mass

Volume & Density

Buoyancy

Mass

Measurement of the amount of matter

(or stuff) in an object

– Measured in grams (g)

**There are 3 states
**

of matter:

Solid

Liquid

Gas

Volume

Measurement of the amount of space an

object takes up

– Measured in milliliters (ml) or cm3

**Which do you think would have the
**

greater volume? The greater mass?

Why?

1 kg of feathers

1 kg of rocks

Density

Density is defined as mass per unit volume. It is a measure

of how tightly packed and how heavy the molecules are in

an object. Density is the amount of matter within a certain

volume.

**Which one is more dense?
**

Demonstration: People in a square

How about this: Which square is more dense?

**Which one is more dense?
**

Now which one is more dense?

**To find the density
**

1- Find the mass of the object

**2- Find the volume of the object
**

3- Divide

Density =

Mass g

Volume c³

ALWAYS

REMEMBER

UNITS!

To find density:

**1) Find the mass of the object
**

2) Find the volume of the object

3) Divide : Density = Mass - Volume

**Ex. If the mass of an object is 35 grams and it takes up 7 cm3
**

of space, calculate the density.

To find density:

**1) Find the mass of the object
**

2) Find the volume of the object

3) Divide : Density = Mass - Volume

**Ex. If the mass of an object is 35 grams and it takes up 7 cm3
**

of space, calculate the density

Set up your density problems like this:

**Given: Mass = 35 grams
**

cm3) Volume = 7 cm3

Unknown: Density (g/

Solution: D = 35g/7 cm3

Formula: D = M / V

D = 5 g/cm3

**Let’s try some density problems together
**

Work on these problems with your

neighbor

1 Frank has a paper clip. It has a mass of 9g and a volume of

3cm3. What is its density?

2. Frank also has an eraser. It has a mass of 3g, and a volume

of 1cm3. What is its density?

3. Jack has a rock. The rock has a mass of 6g and a volume of

3cm3. What is the density of the rock?

4. Jill has a gel pen. The gel pen has a mass of 8g and a

volume of 2cm3. What is the density of the rock?

**Ways to Affect Density
**

Change Mass AND Keep Volume Same

Increase the mass increase density

Decrease the mass decrease in density

Which container has more density?

A

B

**Ways to Affect Density
**

Change Volume AND Keep Mass Same

Increase the volume decrease density

Decrease the volume increase density

Which container has more density?

A

B

**In your notebook illustrate the answer to
**

the following question:

What 2 ways will INCREASE density?

**What 2 ways will INCREASE density?
**

Keep the

same

mass AND

decrease

the

volume

Keep the

same

volume

AND

increase

the mass

Liquid Layers

If you pour together liquids that don’t mix and have

different densities, they will form liquid layers.

The liquid with the highest density will be on the bottom.

The liquid with the lowest density will be on the top.

Objects or substances with MORE density will sink

below objects or substances with LESS density

– Which do you think is MORE dense,

Water or Oil???

**Water, Oil…and a Superball
**

The oil is less dense than the water, so it’s on top. The superball is

less dense than water, but more dense than oil, so it sinks to the

bottom of the oil layer, yet floats on the top of the water layer.

**If you have 2 or more
**

substances,

the MORE dense

substance will be on

bottom

The LESS dense substance

will be on top

**The density of five liquids are measured as
**

follows:

–

–

–

–

–

Liquid 1: 1.0 g/mL

Liquid 2: 1.38 g/mL

Liquid 3: 0.77 g/mL

Liquid 4: 2.95 g/mL

Liquid 5: 0.056 g/mL

Liquid 5

Liquid 3

Liquid 1

Liquid 2

Liquid 4

**Draw a picture of all 5 liquids in a test tube
**

how they would layer according to density

Liquid Layers

Check out this picture. Which

layer has the highest density?

Which layer has the lowest

density?

Imagine that the liquids have the

following densities:

– 10g/cm3.

– 6g/cm3.

3g/cm3.

5g/cm3.

3 g/cm3

5 g/cm3

**Which number would go with
**

which layer?

6 g/cm3

10 g/cm3

**Liquid Layers – Try with your
**

neighbor

• Which liquid has the

highest density?

• Which liquid has the

lowest density?

• Which liquid has the

middle density?

Liquid Layers

Try on your own!

Imagine that the

liquids on the right

have the following

densities:

– 15g/cm3

– 3g/cm3

– 7g/cm3

10g/cm3

9g/cm3

12g/cm3

**Match the colors to
**

the correct densities.

3g/cm3

7g/cm3

9g/cm3

10g/cm3

12g/cm3

15g/cm3

Review

What is the formula for density?

What happens if you pour together

liquids that have different densities?

Will the liquid on the top have the

highest or lowest density?

Will the liquid on the bottom have the

highest or lowest density?

Super Scientist

Question of the Day

• Jake has a book, a ruler, and a balance.

• How can Jake find the density of the

book with the tools he has?

**• http://sunhousescience.blogspot.com/
**

• http://www.icoachmath.com/Sitemap/images/Cub

oid1.jpg

• http://tinfoiler.com/wpcontent/uploads/2010/05/Oil-and-water.jpg

• http://www.stevespangler.com/stevespangler/uploa

ds/2008/07/seven-layer-column.png

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