Introducing Network

Design Concepts

Designing and Supporting Computer Networks – Chapter 1

ITE I Chapter 6

© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

1

Objectives

Explain how a hierarchical network design creates a stable,
reliable, scalable network

Explain what factors need to be considered when the Core Layer
of a network is designed and implemented

Explain which factors need to be considered when the
Distribution Layer of a network is designed and implemented

Explain which factors need to be considered when the Access
Layer of a network is designed and implemented

Describe the benefits and security implications of creating server
farms

Describe the considerations of an implementation of a wireless
network design

Describe the factors that affect the implementation of VPNs,
including how remote workers can be supported

ITE 1 Chapter 6

© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

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Explain How a Hierarchical Network Design
Creates a Stable, Reliable, Scalable Network
Network requirements:
 Ease of management
 Fast recovery
 Application response time
 Fast troubleshooting

ITE 1 Chapter 6

© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

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All rights reserved. Cisco Public 4 . Reliable. Inc. Scalable Network Four fundamental network design goals:  Scalability  Availability  Security  Manageability ITE 1 Chapter 6 © 2006 Cisco Systems.Explain How a Hierarchical Network Design Creates a Stable.

Cisco Public 5 .Explain How a Hierarchical Network Design Creates a Stable. Scalable Network  Core Layer: connects Distribution Layer devices  Distribution Layer: interconnects smaller LANs  Access Layer: provides connections for hosts and end devices ITE 1 Chapter 6 © 2006 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved. Reliable. Inc.

All rights reserved.Explain How a Hierarchical Network Design Creates a Stable. Inc. Cisco Public 6 . Reliable. Scalable Network Subdividing the three-layer model into modular areas:  Enterprise campus  Server farm  Enterprise edge ITE 1 Chapter 6 © 2006 Cisco Systems.

Cisco Public 7 . Scalable Network Steps in network design projects:  Identify the network requirements  Characterize the existing network  Design the network topology and solutions ITE 1 Chapter 6 © 2006 Cisco Systems.Explain How a Hierarchical Network Design Creates a Stable. Inc. All rights reserved. Reliable.

Cisco Public 8 .Explain what Factors Need to be Considered when Designing the Network Core Layer  Network backbone  Goals of the Core Layer Provide 100% uptime Maximize throughput Facilitate network growth ITE 1 Chapter 6 © 2006 Cisco Systems. Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public 9 . Inc. All rights reserved.Explain what Factors Need to be Considered when Designing the Network Core Layer  Combining routing and switching in the same device  Redundancy and load balancing  High-speed and aggregate links  Quick convergence ITE 1 Chapter 6 © 2006 Cisco Systems.

Inc. Cisco Public 10 .Explain what Factors Need to be Considered when Designing the Network Core Layer  Full mesh topology  Partial mesh topology  Failure prevention  Reducing human error ITE 1 Chapter 6 © 2006 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved.

Inc. All rights reserved.Explain which Factors Need to be Considered when Designing the Distribution Layer of a Network  Filtering and managing traffic flow  Access control policies  Route summarization  Isolating Core Layer from Access Layer failures  Routing between VLANs ITE 1 Chapter 6 © 2006 Cisco Systems. Cisco Public 11 .

Cisco Public 12 .Explain which Factors Need to be Considered when Designing the Distribution Layer of a Network  Explain how redundant links improve network reliability and stability ITE 1 Chapter 6 © 2006 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved. Inc.

Cisco Public 13 . Inc. All rights reserved.Explain which Factors Need to be Considered when Designing the Distribution Layer of a Network  Explain how ACLs filter traffic for security and traffic management ITE 1 Chapter 6 © 2006 Cisco Systems.

Cisco Public 14 . All rights reserved.Explain which Factors Need to be Considered when Designing the Distribution Layer of a Network  Explain the concept of route summarization and describe how it is implemented at the Distribution Layer of the network ITE 1 Chapter 6 © 2006 Cisco Systems. Inc.

Cisco Public 15 .Explain which Factors Need to be Considered when Designing the Access Layer of a Network  Physical location of equipment  Wiring closets  Converged networking  Availability ITE 1 Chapter 6 © 2006 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved. Inc.

Inc. All rights reserved.Explain which Factors Need to be Considered when Designing the Access Layer of a Network  Naming structures  VLAN architecture  Traffic patterns  Prioritization strategies ITE 1 Chapter 6 © 2006 Cisco Systems. Cisco Public 16 .

Inc.Explain which Factors Need to be Considered when Designing the Access Layer of a Network  Star topologies ITE 1 Chapter 6 © 2006 Cisco Systems. Cisco Public 17 . All rights reserved.

All rights reserved. Inc.Explain which Factors Need to be Considered when Designing the Access Layer of a Network Functions of VLANs:  Separate and classify traffic  Control broadcasts  Contain VLANs within a single wiring closet ITE 1 Chapter 6 © 2006 Cisco Systems. Cisco Public 18 .

Explain which Factors Need to be Considered when Designing the Access Layer of a Network QoS at the network edge:  Classification  Assigned priority ITE 1 Chapter 6 © 2006 Cisco Systems. Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 19 .

All rights reserved. Cisco Public 20 . Inc.Explain which Factors Need to be Considered when Designing the Access Layer of a Network Security risks at the network edge:  Authentication  Wireless security ITE 1 Chapter 6 © 2006 Cisco Systems.

Cisco Public 21 . All rights reserved. Inc.Explain which Factors Need to be Considered when Designing the Access Layer of a Network Security measures at the Access Layer:  Physical security  Strong passwords  SSH  Disabling unused ports  Security policy ITE 1 Chapter 6 © 2006 Cisco Systems.

All rights reserved. high-capacity links  Load balancing and failover  Lower cost of providing services ITE 1 Chapter 6 © 2006 Cisco Systems.Describe the Benefits and Security Implications of Creating Server Farms  Defined entry and exit points for network traffic  Redundant. Inc. Cisco Public 22 .

All rights reserved.Describe the Benefits and Security Implications of Creating Server Farms  Firewalls  LAN switch security features  Intrusion and prevention systems  Load balancers  Network analysis and management devices  DMZs ITE 1 Chapter 6 © 2006 Cisco Systems. Cisco Public 23 . Inc.

Inc. Cisco Public 24 .Describe the Benefits and Security Implications of Creating Server Farms  Building in redundancy for high availability  Virtualization ITE 1 Chapter 6 © 2006 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public 25 .Describe the Considerations of an Implementation of a Wireless Network Design Customer requirements:  Roaming  Authentication  Services and applications  Encryption  Coverage and number of users ITE 1 Chapter 6 © 2006 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved. Inc.

Inc. Cisco Public 26 . secured employee access ITE 1 Chapter 6 © 2006 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved.Describe the Considerations of an Implementation of a Wireless Network Design  Physical WLAN design  Site survey  Logical WLAN design  Open guest access vs.

Cisco Public 27 . Inc. All rights reserved.Describe the Factors that Affect the Implementation of VPNs  Cost of bandwidth  QoS  Security  Remote access ITE 1 Chapter 6 © 2006 Cisco Systems.

All rights reserved.Describe the Factors that Affect the Implementation of VPNs Interconnection options:  Traditional WAN technologies  Newer WAN technologies ITE 1 Chapter 6 © 2006 Cisco Systems. Inc. Cisco Public 28 .

Cisco Public 29 . Inc. All rights reserved.Describe the Factors that Affect the Implementation of VPNs  Explain ways to provide redundant connectivity to remote sites ITE 1 Chapter 6 © 2006 Cisco Systems.

 Network projects involve identifying the requirements.Summary  The four fundamental technical requirements of network design are scalability. and designing the network topology and solutions. security and manageability. ITE 1 Chapter 6 © 2006 Cisco Systems.  Routing efficiency at the Distribution Layer isolates the Core from Access Layer failures. Cisco Public 30 .  Using VLANs and IP subnets is the most common way to segregate user groups and traffic within the Access Layer.  Redundancy at the Core Layer keeps the network functioning even when a device or link fails. All rights reserved. availability. Inc. characterizing the existing network.

All rights reserved. Inc.ITE 1 Chapter 6 © 2006 Cisco Systems. Cisco Public 31 .