INVERSION

Questions, conditionals, and
comparisons

WHAT IS INVERSION?
 Subject is followed by Predicate
 Jane goes to mall every Sunday.
 The students can take the test result after this

class.

 However, in some occasion, Subject follows

Predicate

 Never does Jane go to mall every Sunday.
 Can the students take the test result after this

class?

 This phenomenon is called INVERSION
 to add Emphasis

KINDS OF INVERSION
 S + V with Question Words
 S + V with Conditionals
 S + V with Comparisons
 S + V with Place Expressions
 S + V with Negatives

INVERSION IN QUESTIONS
 To form a question with a helping verb

(be, have, can, could, will, would, etc)

 He can

go to the movies.

 Can he go to the movies?
 You would

tell me the truth.

 Would you tell me the truth?
 She was

sick yesterday.

 Was she sick yesterday?

INVERSION IN QUESTIONS
 To form a question without any helping

verbs

 He goes to the movies.
 Does he go to the movies?

 You told me the truth.
 Did you tell me the truth?

INVERT THE SUBJECT AND VERB
WITH CONDITIONALS
 When the verb in the conditional clause is

had, should, or were, it is possible to omit
if and invert the subject and verb.
 If I go to Chicago, I will visit my grandmother.
 *Go I to Chicago, I will visit my grandmother.

 If he has enough vacation days left this year,

he will take two full weeks off in December.
 *Has he enough vacation days left this year, he will

take two full weeks off in December.

INVERT THE SUBJECT AND VERB
WITH CONDITIONALS
 If you should arrive before 6:00, just give me call.

Should you arrive before 6:00, just give me a call.

 If you should require any further information,

please contact us at our office in Green Street.
 Should you require any further information, please
contact us at our office in Green Street.

 If you should see Kate, say hi from me.
 Should you see Kate, say hi from me.

INVERT THE SUBJECT AND VERB
WITH CONDITIONALS
 I would help you if I were in a position to help.
 I would help you were I in a position to help.

 If I were you, I would stop smoking.
 Were I you, I would stop smoking.

 If it weren’t for John, I wouldn’t know what to

do now.
 Were it not

now.

for John, I wouldn’t know what to do

INVERT THE SUBJECT AND VERB
WITH CONDITIONALS
 If he had taken more time, the results would have

been better.
 Had he taken more time, the results would have been

better.

 If we had booked our flight earlier, it would have

been cheaper.
 Had we booked our flight earlier, it would have been cheaper.

 If it hadn’t been for your foolishness, we wouldn’t

have got lost.
 Had it not been for your foolishness, we wouldn’t have got

lost.

INVERT THE SUBJECT AND VERB
WITH COMPARISONS
 My sister spends more hours in the office than John.
 My sister spends more hours in the office than John

does.
 My sister spends more hours in the office than does

John.

 We were more prepared than the other performers.
 We were more prepared than the other performers were.
 We were more prepared than were the other performers.

INVERT THE SUBJECT AND VERB
WITH COMPARISONS
 She was as delighted with the suggestion as he was.
 She was

as delighted with the suggestion as was he.

 The closer an object is to another object, the greater is

the gravity between the two objects.
 Her face was stony and even stonier was the tone of

her voice.
 The harder you study, the higher score is yours.
 The more handsome you are, the more popular are you.

REWRITE INTO INVERTED
VERSIONS
 If you should require any further information,

please contact us at our office in Green
Street.
 If anything had gone wrong with my plan, I

would have been held responsible.
 Jessica is more interested in Computer

Science than Benjamin.

 You speak Chinese better than I.
 Cheetahs run faster than antelopes.