You are on page 1of 9

Classification of Igneous Rocks

Textures:
Aphanitic- crystals too small to see by eye
Phaneritic- can see the constituent minerals
Fine grained- < 1 mm diameter
Medium grained- 1-5 mm diameter
Coarse grained- 5-50 mm diameter
Very coarse grained- > 50 mm diameter
Porphyritic- bimodal grain size distribution
Glassy- no crystals formed

. 20% Y.Classification of Igneous Rocks Figure 2. John Winter. Method #1 for plotting a point with the components: 70% X. Prentice Hall.1a. An Introduction to Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology. and 10% Z on triangular diagrams.

and 10% Z on triangular diagrams. . 20% Y. Prentice Hall. An Introduction to Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology.Classification of Igneous Rocks Figure 2. John Winter.1b. Method #2 for plotting a point with the components: 70% X.

After IUGS.Classification of Igneous Rocks Figure 2. . A classification of the phaneritic igneous rocks: Phaneritic rocks with more than 10% (quartz + feldspar + feldspathoids).2a.

After IUGS. .2b.Classification of Igneous Rocks Figure 2. A classification of the phaneritic igneous rocks: Gabbroic rocks.

A classification of the phaneritic igneous rocks: Ultramafic rocks.Classification of Igneous Rocks Figure 2. . After IUGS.2c.

Classification of Igneous Rocks Figure 2. After IUGS.3. . A classification and nomenclature of volcanic rocks.

After Le Maitre (2002) .Classification of Igneous Rocks Figure 2. Cambridge University Press. silica.4. A chemical classification of volcanics based on total alkalis vs. . Igneous Rocks: A Classification and Glossary of Terms.

5. After Fisher (1966) Earth Sci. Rev. .. 1. 287-298.Classification of Igneous Rocks Figure 2. Classification of the pyroclastic rocks.