mysterious and powerful influence like gods.Children folktales • These old stories are often called fairy tales because many of them deal with fairies or magic or any supernatural element. . • Some of the contents are characters were animals. giants heroes who overcome incredible obstacles and win awards and other supernatural beings.

. Often folktales teach lessons. Fables and fairy tales are types of folktales. Later they were written down. Folktales are told all over the world. They are stories which were passed down to new generations by storytellers. Each tale may have many versions.Where do folktales come from? Most traditional folktales are very old.

History of Folktales • 1697. . Charles Perrault • A translation of Perrault's Tales was published in England. 1719. a collection of tales Contes de Ma Mere L ‘Oye or Tales of My Mother Goose appeared bearing the name of the Frenchman.

• • • • • • • • Little Red Riding Hood Sleeping Beauty Cinderella Bluebird Hop O My Thumb Puss in Boots Riquet and the Tuft Toads and the Diamonds .speaking children.

History of Folktales • The first real collection of old tales was made by two German brothers. . Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm.

• Peter Absjornsen and Jorgen Moe gathered tales throughout their travel in Norway by talking to old people just as the Grimm Brothers have done.History of Folktales • The first English translation of the Grimm’s Hausmarchen was made by Edgar Taylor it was called Grimm’s Fairytales. • Abjornsen and More published their first collection of Norwegian Tales in 1842-1843 .

Primary Characteristics of Folktales Has no known individual author Has no fixed or original form Has a brief introduction Adapted to any age Has simple plot that is easy to remember Characters appeal to both children and adults • Has element of magic that appeals to children • • • • • • .

etc. . Involves common people and/or animals Main characters have a problem to solve Has a happy ending. let me in.” from The Three Little Pigs. events. Has good and bad characters Uses repetition of phrases or responses. ex: “Little pig.Elements found in Folktales May use the phrase “Once upon a time" May use the number three in the story .. little pig. Problem is solved. number of characters. wishes..

Values of Folktales • • • • • • • Gives pleasure and enjoyment Stirs the imagination Gives insight into life Used for dramatization Used for illustration Develops ear training Plays a role in the emotional development of children • Develops confidence and courage in children against fear of the unknown .

• Drolls or Humorous Stories are stories about sillies and numb-skulls. • Talking Beast stories are stories in which the animals talk.Types of Folktales • Accumulative or repetitional tale is the simplest type of tale. • Myths • Epics and Hero Tales • Legends • Fables • Fairy Tales (Old) .