Grade 7 HOMEWORK

WEEK 9: 10/12-10/14

Pages 311-321

Wednesday 10/12/16
• TO DO: QUIETLY GET ISN NOTEBOOK
• 2. Get your Textbook and new Sci Spot handout

– TODAY’S Sci-Spot Question:

7TH Grade: What is: “Electromagnetic
Radiation”?
Find Book Page
Video Clip-What-is-light STUDY

What is EM Radiation?
Class Discussion: Use Your Text Book Page 317 to
Brainstorm with your shoulder partners-Think (2min) and
Share Your answers to questions 1 and 2.
1. How does Sun’s energy arrive on Earth?
Sun’s energy arrives on Earth as EM Radiation.
2. What is EM Radiation?
Energy that Electromagnetic Waves transfer through
matter or empty space at speed of light.
3. Which part of EM Radiation is visible?
Visible Light/ White Light, all other wavelengths are nonvisible.

BEFORE YOU ANSWER WHICH COLOR BATHING SUIT WOULD BE
MOST VISIBLE THE DEEPER YOU DIVE:

Consider this

Thursday 10/13/16

TO DO: QUIETLY GET ISN NOTEBOOK
2. TAKE A SEAT- TEXTBOOK WILL BE BROUGHT TO YOU

– TODAY’S Sci-Spot Question:

7TH Grade: Explain the term:
“Electromagnetic Spectrum”

Tomorrow is Spot Check please study your sci
spots !

Electromagnetic Spectrum

EM Spectrum Notes
In your notebook for each section, using your textbook fill
out this table.
Radio waves
Microwaves
Infrared
Visible Light
Ultraviolet Light
X-rays
Gamma rays

Electromagnetic Spectrum
EM Spectrum is made up of Energy and Visible Light
that are manifested as Electromagnetic Waves of
different wavelengths.
Hands up who is familiar with:
1.Radio Waves
2. Microwaves
3. UV Rays
4. X Rays
Electromagnetic Spectrum Song
EM wave is a disturbance that involves transfer of electric
and magnetic energy-aka a movement of charged
particles which have electric and magnetic fields around
them.

Wave Activity Pick a Wave
TIMER: 5 MIN

• Stand Up Hand up Pair Up two times, first with
same gender than with opposite gender. Pick a
Letter from the box: R (radio waves), M
(microwaves), I (Infrared), U (Ultraviolet), X (X
Rays), G (Gamma Rays)
• We are going to make a class wave, in order from the longest
wavelength to the shortest. Each group will stand up and create a
wave with hands modeling the slow and large wave (RADIO) for
example or quick small fast wave (MICRO) depending on the wave
type, be creative how your group stands up and performs a wave.
Teacher will be Visible Light Wavelength. We will have a test trial run
and a final run. Be Creative and Have Fun!

Friday 10/14/16
• TO DO: QUIETLY GET ISN NOTEBOOK
• 2. GET YOUR TEXTBOOK AND TAKE A SEAT

– TODAY’S Sci-Spot Question:

Based on what you know from
experience explain which car will be
get hotter on a hot day: black or
white, and why?
TODAY is a Spot Check, review your notes
quietly!

TIMER: 8MIN
Use Your Textbook to
Complete

Which Waves get to Earth from
Sun?
The Earth’s atmosphere stops
most types of EM radiation from
Reaching Earth’s surface.
This illustration shows how far
Into the atmosphere different
Parts of EM Spectrum can go,
before being absorbed.
Only portions of radio and visible
Light reach the surface.
(Credit: STScl/JHU/NASA)

Absorption and Color
• Why is a black car hotter than a white car
in the summer?
• Remember light is energy. Heat is another
form of energy.
• A white car reflects all wavelengths of
light.
• A black car absorbs all wavelengths of
light, absorbing the energy and turning it
to heat.

How do we see light?
We see light as color and
brightness.
What is Light?
It’s actually electromagnetic
radiation: Part electric & magnetic.
How does Light Flow?
*Flows in straight line. (Radiates)
Where does Light come from?

Where does light come from?
• The Sun and the Stars.
• But how do they make light?
• It all starts with ATOMS: A nucleus surrounded by
electrons that orbit. If you add energy to an atom (heat it
up), the electrons will jump to bigger orbits.
• When atom cools, electrons jump back to original orbits.
• As they jump back, they emit light, a form of energy.

Speed of Light
• Discuss: How fast is Speed of Light?
• Light travels at 300,000,000 m/sec
• How long does it take for a light wave or a
photon) to travel from the Sun to the Earth?
• It takes 8 min for Light to reach Earth.
• Guess how long it takes for light from Moon
to reach Earth?
• It takes 1 second for light reflected off the
moon to reach the Earth.

Color of Light
• Each electron that jumps back emits one photon
of light
• What color is this light?
• Depends on how big the jump between orbits
was.
• The bigger the jump, the higher the energy.
• The energy/frequency determines color;
• Why does blue photon has more energy than a
red?
• Spin all the colors together, what do you see?
• Demonstration of the Color Wheel

Light as Particle
• A photon is like a particle. What mass you
think a photon has?
• Photon has no mass.
• Think of how a photon can be compared
to a grain of sand?
• We see so many photons at the same
time it’s like seeing all the sand on a
beach; we don’t notice the single grains.

Brainstorm: How do Photons of Light
Act Together?
• Photons of light act like a WAVE.
• Lets review: What are characteristics of a
Wave?
• A wave has a wavelength, a speed and a
frequency.
• Brainstorm: Does Light travel at different
speeds? Does Light Need a Medium to travel?
• All light travels same speed (in vacuum) but at
different speeds through solids<liquids<gases;
doesn’t need a medium to travel through.

Sound Wave
• Does Sound Need a Medium to travel
through?
• Open book on page 337.
• Look at the figure with speedometers,
which medium sound travels fastest?
• Slowest?
• How does this compare to light wave?

Speed of Light
• Discuss: How fast is Speed of Light?
• Light travels at 300,000,000 m/sec
• How long does it take for a light wave or a
photon) to travel from the Sun to the Earth?
• It takes 8 min for Light to reach Earth.
• Guess how long it takes for light from Moon
to reach Earth?
• It takes 1 second for light reflected off the
moon to reach the Earth.

Think Pair Share in Groups
• Brainstorm: How does slowing and
speeding of light as it passes through
different mediums compare to
Wading/Walking?
• Which could you do faster: walk across
the classroom or wade the same
distance in lake? Why?

Light and Matter
• When light hits something (air, glass, a green
wall, a black dress), it may be:
• *Transmitted (if the matter is transparent)
• *Reflected or scattered (off mirror or raindrops)
• *Absorbed (off a black velvet dress)
• * Often it’s some combination. Take a simple
piece of paper: you can see some light through,
white reflects, black print absorbs.

Draw these diagrams in your Scientific Notebooks.
Take 8 min to finish this slide. Stopwatch
   The waves can pass

 
 
 
 
 
 

through the object

  The waves can be reflected  off the object.

  The waves can be scattered off the object.

  The waves can be absorbed by the object.

   The waves can be refracted through the object.

Light Transmission
• Transparent materials transmit light, like
windows.
• Remember all light has same Speed in
Vacuum, but Different frequencies have
different speeds in DIFFERENT materials.
• Different frequencies causes a prism to
separate the colors.
• Colored glass or plastic only transmits the
color that it is; it absorbs or reflects the other
colors.

Light Absorption
• Study Jams Light Video

Give White Boards for Quiz Activity.

Reflection and Color
• Remember, white light contains all colors (a
rainbow or prism separates them so we can see
this)
• Why does a green wall look green in the
sunshine?
• Why does it look different when it’s in the
shade?
• Well, in the dark, it’s black. No light reflects off
it.
• A green wall reflects only green light; it absorbs
all the other colors.

Absorption and Color
• Why is a black car hotter than a white car
in the summer?
• Remember light is energy. Heat is another
form of energy.
• A white car reflects all wavelengths of
light.
• A black car absorbs all wavelengths of
light, absorbing the energy and turning it
to heat.

Light Transmission
• Transparent materials transmit light, like
windows.
• Remember all light has same Speed in Vacuum?
• Different frequencies have different speeds in
transparent materials – how does that affect
colors?
• Different frequencies causes a prism to separate
the colors.
• Colored glass or plastic only transmits the color
that it is; it absorbs or reflects the other colors.

Using Light to Study the Stars
Astronomers collect energy from the stars with a telescope
Visible light
Infrared light
Radio waves, etc.

Each atom has a special pattern of light frequencies like a fingerprint.
The fingerprint of frequencies will be shifted if the star is moving away
or toward us (like the sound of a freight train)
The temperature of the Star can be determined from the color of the
Star.

Here a picture of the ring nebula in infrared light.

Where does light come from?
• The Sun and the Stars.
• But how do they make light?
• It all starts with ATOMS: A nucleus
surrounded by electrons that orbit.
• Like the planets in the solar system,
electrons stay in the same orbit, unless…
(Brainstorm how planets got into their
orbits? 1min)

Where does light come from?
• If you add energy to an atom (heat it up),
the electrons will jump to bigger orbits.
• When atom cools, electrons jump back to
original orbits.
• As they jump back, they emit light, a form of
energy.
• Cycle: Again electrons get kicked into a
different orbit
• This doesn’t happen very often in solar
systems, but it does in atoms.

Happy Halloween
• Tickets out for Prizes
• Agenda:
– 7th Grade Continue Unit on Light

Picture of the ring nebula in visible light.

Many nebulae or stars forming regions form the gravitational collapse of gas
in the interstellar medium or ISM. As the material collapses under its own
weight, massive stars may form in the center, and their ultraviolet radiation
ionizes the surrounding gas, making it visible at optical wavelengths