CHEMICAL

SAFETY

Barrameda, John Marvel
Cadiente, Jerome
Tamayo, Karina Beatriz
Vargas, Korina

 WHMIS applies only in the workplace and does not apply to chemical products that you buy for your personal use from a grocery or hardware store.a compound or substance that has been purified or prepared.Chemical . Workplace Hazardous Material Information System  WHMIS applies to "controlled products" that meet the government's criteria for a hazardous material. . especially artificially.

) • Energized electrical. mechanical. etc. razor blades. • Never play practical jokes or engage in horseplay. or heating equipment . • Work area: • Keep the work area clean and uncluttered.Chemical Hygiene . • Always use adequate safety measures and never leave the following unattended: • Ongoing chemical reactions in laboratories • Exposed sharps (needles.it is the collection of best practices used to minimize chemical exposure General Safety Guidelines Maintain an organized and orderly facility.

without exception. • Note: There are provisions to allow specific non-hazardous materials to be stored in exit corridors. • Contact one of the following for more information: • EH&S Chemical Hygiene Officer. • Maintain lean. Such items must be seismically secured and pre-approved by Environment. Health & Safety (EH&S). (858) 822-1579 • Labs: Research Assistance Program • Shop or studio: EH&S General Safety. (858) 534-7513 .• Chemical storage and inventory: • Follow chemical storage and compatibility guidelines. well managed chemical inventories to avoid fire code violations and subsequent inventory reduction measures. • Corridors: • Keep corridors free of hazardous materials at all times.

OSHA's Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) requires the development and dissemination of such information: . or community. information about the identities and hazards of the chemicals must be available and understandable to workers. Hazard Communication Standard In order to ensure chemical safety in the workplace. facility. whether to a person.is the application of the best practices for handling chemicals and chemistry processes to minimize risk. It involves understanding the physical. chemical and biological hazards of chemicals.Chemical Safety .

and hazard statement for each hazard class and category. – Information and training: Employers are required to train workers by December 1. . – Labels: Chemical manufacturers and importers will be required to provide a label that includes a harmonized signal word. 2013 on the new labels elements and safety data sheets format to facilitate recognition and understanding. as well as classification of mixtures. Precautionary statements must also be provided.Major changes to the Hazard Communication Standard – Hazard classification: Provides specific criteria for classification of health and physical hazards. – Safety Data Sheets: Will now have a specified 16-section format. pictogram.

.used to search the database of the current chemicals used in the company.Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) .

CLASS A . even at very high pressures. pressurized or permanent gases. o Oxygen o Nitrogen o Helium  Dissolved Gases – Acetylene is the only common dissolved gas. o Anhydrous ammonia o Chlorin o Carbon dioxide  Non-Liquefied Gases – are also known as compressed. .Compressed Gas There are three major groups of compressed gases stored in cylinders:  Liquefied Gases – are gases which can become liquids at normal temperatures when they are inside cylinders under pressure. These gases do not become liquid when they are compressed at normal temperatures.

ethanol.8 degrees C or 100 deg F).  Reactive flammable materials are those which may suddenly start burning when it touches air or water. acetylene. . turpentine. kerosene.8 and 93. toluene. spray paints and varnish. Common examples include: propane. or may react with air or water to make a flammable gas.  Combustible materials must usually be heated before they will catch on fire at temperatures above normal (between 37.CLASS B – Flammable and Combustible materials  Flammable means that the material will burn or catch on fire easily at normal temperatures (below 37. acetone.3 deg C or 100 and 200 deg F). butane. Stoddard solvent.

  CLASS D – Poisonous and Infectious Materials  Division 1: Materials Causing Immediate and Serious Toxic Effects 1. Sodium cyanide 3. Mercury 2. Some chemicals can cause other materials to burn by supplying oxygen. Carbon monoxide 2. Hepatitis B 3.CLASS C – Oxidizing Materials  Oxygen is necessary for a fire to occur. Salmonella . AIDS/HIV virus 2. Benzene  Division 3: Biohazardous Infectious Materials 1. Oxidizers do not usually burn themselves but they will either help the fire by providing more oxygen or they may cause materials that normally do not burn to suddenly catch on fire (spontaneous combustion). Sulphuric acid  Division 2: Materials Causing Other Toxic Effect 1. Lead 3.

CLASS E – Corrosive Materials  Corrosive is the name given to materials that can cause severe burns to skin and other human tissues such as the eye or lung. and can attack clothes and other materials including metal. Ethylene Oxide . Ammonia 2.  Common Corrosives: 1. Chlorine 3. Ethyl Acrylate 2. Nitrogen Dioxide CLASS F – Dangerously Reactive Materials  A material is considered to be dangerously reactive if it shows three different properties or abilities  Common Examples: 1. Vinyl Chloride 3.

such as vapours and fumes. eye injury or blindness caused by corrosive chemical products • Toxic by-products. disfiguring burns. caused by mixing incompatible chemicals • Serious burns from flammable solvents that catch on fire • Injury from exploding containers. such as spray cans • Poisoning from accidental swallowing.Common Chemical Hazards • Skin irritation. especially with young children .

OIL SPILL KIT .

Common Chemical Labels .

SECONDARY LABEL PRIMARY LABELS .

Chemical Safety PPE .