Some Broiler

Management
Tips
S.T.Moubarak
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Cairo University

0521jap

Some Broiler Management Tips

Downtime
Cleaning & Disinfection

Floor Treatment

Some Broiler Management Tips

Litter Management

Water Line Treatment
Foot Dips

Downtime

Downtime is the
time between the
end of disinfection
and day zero

Downtime • No Animals • No Activity • Pathogens are exposed to dryness • Time varies based on pathogen • Three times expected incubation period • Block of area .

Reception of 1-d old chicks Disinfect Downtime 10 32 C -1 Days before arrival Brooding 0 .

‫مرض اللتهاب الشعبى ‪IB‬‬ .

‫كيف ينتشر الفيروس‬ ‫الفرازات من النف و الفم‬ ‫البراز‬ .

‫معظم الفيروسات يمكن القضاء عليها باستخدام منظف )ممهد‬ ‫تطهير( جيد‬ ‫فيروس اللتهاب الشعبى يعيش جيدا فى الماء و‬ ‫‪:‬لذلك‬ ‫الغسيل بالماء يساهم فى نشر العدوى‬ .

‫يجب زيادة الفترة الزمنية ما بين الدورات •‬ ‫)يوم على القل ‪• (10-15‬‬ ‫يتم تربية عمر واحد من الطيور داخل المزرعة الواحدة •‬ ‫بعد نهاية الدورة يتم التنظيف باستخدام منظف ‪ /‬ممهد •‬ ‫تطهير قلوى و ل يكتفى بالغسيل بالماء‬ .

Washing …… Pre-Washing .

Alkaline Cleaners Increase Downtime N0 multiage sites IB Control All in – All out .

Cleaning & Disinfection .

Cleaning and Disinfection .

“CLEANING” • Scientific definition: A process combining the physical input of energy with surfactant/detergent activity to remove organic material and associated micro-organisms. • Practical definition: Physical action with detergent giving the removal of organic material and .

Chemical Action • Soils are electro-chemically bonded to the surface. We must break that bond to remove the soils • Cleaning “happens” at Neutral (pH = 7) .

Identify the relative pH of the soil 2.Wait for some time for the chemistry to work .Cleaning With Chemistry 1.Apply a product with the opposite pH 3.

Oily.7.5 . Loose – Mineral Soils pH Scale 10 million times stronger than water Increasing Acidity 0 10x 1 10x 2 3 10x 4 10x 10x 5 10x 6 7 10x 10 million times stronger than water Increasing Alkalinity 8 10x 9 10 10x 11 10x 10x 12 10x 13 10x 14 10x Caustic Soda (Lye) Floor Strippers Spray & Wipe Cleaners Hand Soap Extraction Cleaner Window Cleaner Pure Water Neutral Cleaner Disinfectant Cleaners Nutra-Rinse Boric Acid Rust Remover Creme Clean Descaler CSP Neutral Degreasers Vinegar Hydrochloric Acid 6. Sticky – Organic Soils Dry.5 .

‫كفاءة المنظفات وممهدات التطهير‬ ‫المنظفات القلوية‬ ‫المنظفات الحمضية‬ ‫الدم و الزرق و الريش‬ ‫‪+++‬‬ ‫‪+‬‬ ‫الدهون و الشحوم‬ ‫‪++‬‬ ‫‪-‬‬ ‫ترسيبات الملح المعدنية‬ ‫الصدأ ‪ -‬البيوفيلم‬ ‫‪-‬‬ ‫‪+++‬‬ .

Cleaners In Poultry Industry • ALKALINE CLEANERS (proteins – fats) • ACID CLEANERS (mineral deposits and/or rust stains left by hard water) .

Floor Treatment .

‫عملية التنظيف و التطهير‬ ‫ادخال الفرشة‬ ‫تطهير نهائي‬ ‫التبخير‬ ‫مغاطس القدام و السيارات‬ ‫إزالة الملح و الرواسب من‬ ‫المواسير وخليا التبريد‬ ‫تطهير‬ ‫إزالة السبلة‬ ‫كنس ‪ -‬كشط –‬ ‫كحت – مسح‬ ‫تجفيف‬ ‫شطف‬ ‫شطف‬ ‫ممهد‬ ‫التطهير‬ .

Floor Treatment – Why ? Coccidia Clostridia Beetles .

Ca hydroxide) Caustic Soda (Sodium Hydroxide) Commercial Bleach (Sodium Hypochlorite) As necessary Disinfection As Necessary Coccidia As Necessary Disinfection .25 kg/m2 Uses Beetles Clostridia 0.Floor Treatments Of Poultry Houses Compound Boric Acid Salt (Sodium Chloride) Sulphur Powder Application Rate Dust .01 kg/m2 pH reduction Lime (Ca oxide.Baits 0.

Water Line Treatment Poorly Maintained Water Lines. .

• 3) An added stress due to higher bacterial counts • 4) Poor performance.• 1) Antibiotics and vaccines are not as effective. • 2) Supplements such as vitamins and electrolytes are not as effective. .

Biofilm .

Biofilm .

Using pH To Control Solids Build Up in Water Lines Descaling No Build-up of Solids Less than 5.5 – 7 above 7 .5 Solids Buildup 5.

What is Being Used Now? Bleach – Both liquid (Sodium Hypochlorite) and dry (Calcium Hypochlorite) Hydrogen Peroxide and Peracetic acid Citric Acid Hydrochloric Acid Acidified Copper Sulfate Various Blended Acids .

Quick References For Choosing Acids Types .

Litter Management .

Potential causes of wet litter •• Improper ventilation •• Drinker type. condensation and moisture seepage into litter •• High moisture bedding •• Poor bedding quality •• Inadequate bedding/litter depth •• Bird health •• Diet and water quality •• High bird density . management and maintenance •• Poor drainage.

congestion.increased susceptibility to respiratory disease due to ciliostasis 40 ppm .reduced body weights .deciliation and decreased clearance of E.keratoconjunctivitis. coli from lungs and airsacs 25 – 50 ppm . corneal ulceration. and blindness . and hemorrhage . feed efficiency and increased airsacculitis in birds exposed to Infectious Bronchitis Virus 50 – 100 ppm .pulmonary edema.Detrimental Effects of Ammonia Ammonia Level Effects 20 ppm (Continuous for 6 weeks) .

. This interferes with the passage of maternal antibodies into the chick through yolk sac absorption. • Chilled chicks undergo vasoconstriction to retain heat.Litter Temperature (Brooding) • The environmental conditions present when the chick arrives on the farm sets the pattern for the rest of the grow-out period.

35°C at the time the chicks are placed. coli.Litter Temperature (continued) • Retained yolks play a factor in determining the presence of E. Salmonella. • The temperature of the litter at placement should ideally be 32 . and Campylobacter on processed carcasses. .

Foot Dips (Foot baths) .

.Footbath Location • Solid Surface (Concrete) • Close to the point of entry • Less clean >>>>> Dipping Clean • It may prove useful to have a tap and brushes nearby so that boots can be washed off before using the footbath.

Footbath Location • The area around the footbath should be disinfected at appropriate intervals to reduce the risk of disease transmission. . • The area around the footbath should remain as dry as possible as organisms can and will migrate and disperse in water.

(Not to jump or stride over it) .Footbath Design . .Should be protected from weather.Depth: at least 10 cm.Long enough to walk through it.Easy drainage and cleaning. . .

.

• Use smooth sole footwear (boots). .Footbath Use • footbath is not designed as a footwear washing point! • Boots should first be cleaned and then disinfected.

Hygiene Barrier .

.

Boots .

Foot bath Disinfectants .