Understanding the K-12

Basic Education Program

12-Year Basic Education Cycle
Universal Kindergarten
Madaris Education
Technical-Vocational Education
Every Child a Reader by Grade One
Science and Math Proficiency
GASTPE (Gov. Assistance to Student and
Teachers to Private Education)
8. Medium of Instruction
9. Quality Textbooks
10. Covenant with LGUs

10-Point Basic Education Agenda

.The Philippines is the only remaining country in Asia with a 10-year preuniversity program.

they would either be unemployed or be vulnerable to exploitative labor practices. Those who may be interested to set up businesses cannot legally enter into contracts. . Our graduates are being disadvantaged by their youth and inadequate preparation. Thus. .The majority who do not go to college are too young to enter the labor force. .

. .The few. Those who graduate (17%) may not be recognized as professionals abroad. . Our graduates are being disadvantaged by their youth and inadequate preparation. (only 23%) who would proceed to tertiary education. usually have to undergo remedial and high school level classes in colleges and universities.

. Our graduates are being disadvantaged by their youth and inadequate preparation. . . The Bologna Accord requires 12 years of education for university admission and practice of profession in European countries.The Washington Accord prescribes 12 years of basic education as an entry to recognition of engineering professionals.

Benigno Simeon C. Thus.” -Pres. their children are getting into the best universities and the best jobs after graduation. I want at least 12 years for our public school children to give them an even chance at succeeding.“We need to add two years to our basic education. Aquino III . Those who can afford pay up to fourteen years of schooling before university.

2 years 4 years 6 years 1 year • Senior High School • Junior High School • Elementary • Kindergarten K-6-4-2 System .

sports. journalism. arts. The enhanced curriculum will offer areas of specialization or electives such as science and technology. tech-voc. and subjects for advanced placement.Enhancement of the basic education curriculum is the central focus of K to 12. Key Features of K to 12 . foreign language. entreperneurship.

Physical Education.Vertical continuum and horizontal articulation of competencies Mother Tongue as a learning area and medium of instruction Spiral progression in Science and Math MAPEH (Music. Arts. and Health) begins in Grade 1 New Features of the K-12 Basic Education Curriculum .

Learning Areas for Grades 1 to 1o Grades 1 to 6 Grades 7 -10 Learning Areas Grade Levels Mother Tongue 1-3 English 1(2nd sem)-6 Filipino 1-6 Mathematics 1-6 Araling Panlipunan 1-6 Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao 1-6 Science 3-6 MAPEH 1-6 EPP 4-5 TLE 6 .

Reinforcement. Enrichment Activities or Optional Religious Instruction 1:30-2:10 MAPEH TOTAL Number of Minutes 40 240/270 .SAMPLE CLASS PROGRAMMING Grade 1 Time Learning Areas 7:00-7:15 7:15-7:25 Pambansang Awit Homeroom 7:25-7:55 Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao 30 7:55-8:45 Mother Tongue 50 8:45-9:15 Filipino 30 9:15-9:35 RECESS 9:35-10:15 Araling Panlipunan 40 10:15-10:45 English (Oral Fluency) 2nd Semester 30 10:45-11:35 Mathematics 50 1:00-1:30 Remediation.

Mother Tongue 50 50 50 50 - - - - Filipino 30 30 50 50 50 50 50 4 hrs English - 30 50 50 50 50 50 4 hrs Science - - - 50 50 50 50 4 hrs Mathematics 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 4 hrs Araling Panlipunan 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 3 hrs EPP/TLE - - - - 50 50 50 4 hrs MAPEH 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 4 hrs EsP 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 2 hrs 310 360 360 360 360 29 hrs Language Arts Total 240 .Time Allotment NOMENCLATURE/ LEARNING AREA Grades 1 to 6 (No. 2nd Sem. of Minutes Daily) G1 G2 G3 G4 G5 G6 Grades 7 to 10 (Weekly) 1st Sem.

Grades 7-12 Core Curriculum and Career Paths .

 Filipino learners. need to develop 21st century core skills( digital age literacy. the extended high school program should be packaged for the preparation of students for career and higher education. Premises . inventive thinking.  Aside from the development of 21st century core skills. effective communication. This is because secondary education is designed primarily to provide the transition from school to work and from school to further learning. and high productivity) and be functionally literate. in order to be globally competitive.

Putting the two on the same level and blending them will enhance the seamless relationship between career and higher education and give them equal social and economic value.The curriculum shall be designed to provide a blended career and college preparatory program. Premises .

Academic Specialization: Engineering/ Engineering/ Journalism/Foreign Journalism/Foreign Language Language Tech-Voc Specialization Sports/Arts Specialization MODEL 2 Junior/Senior HS Curriculum .

SY 20152016 SY 20142015 SY 20132014 SY 20122013 • Grade 10 • Grade 9 • Grade 8 • Grade 7 Implementation of Junior HS .

SY 20172018 SY 20162017 • Grade 12 • Grade 11 Implementation of Senior HS .

Sports. Sports. etc) Others National Service Training Program National Service Training Program •Anchored on the College Readiness Standards of CHED •** Based on TESDA Training Regulations . Security. Journalism.Learning Areas for Grades 11 and 12 Learning Areas Language* Grade 11 English Filipino Literature* Grade 12 English Filipino Philippine Literature (1st Sem) World Literature (2nd Sem) Mathematics* Math Math Science* Life Sciences Physical Science Social Sciences and Philosophy* Contemporary Issues Contemporary Issues (Global) Philosophy (Local) Career Pathways (Track-dependent) Entrepreneurship. Security. TechVoc** Others (Arts. Journalism. Science. Science. TechVoc** Others (Arts. etc) Entrepreneurship.

Students who Students who Students who finish high complete 2 years complete college • Reduction in school then work of college or college years • Better income post-secondary offsets additional • Reduction in opportunities.Senior High School benefits different students in different ways. years of higher income cost of schooling schooling streams with additional 2 • Higher • Cost due to years of “free” productivity delayed education (about 9% employment income premium) offset by higher • Higher college income streams completion rates .

A full 12 years of basic education will be required for entry into tertiary level education by SY 2018-2019. Completion of K to 12 education shall be compulsory for those who will go to college/university. .

be emotionally developed and competent to live a meaningful life. be socially aware.Graduates of K to 12 Basic Education Program are envisaged to be better prepared for life as they are expected to possess sufficient mastery of 21st century core skills. pro-active and involved in public and civic affairs. Vision .

Vision .be adequately prepared for the world of work or entrepreneurship or higher education. be legally employable. and be globally competitive.

Graduates will be better prepared for higher education. Graduates will possess competencies and skills relevant to the job market. allowing for their more holistic development. Benefits of K to 12 to Individuals and Families . giving students more time to master competencies and time for extra-curricular activities. thus.An enhanced curriculum will decongest academic workload.

Benefits of K to 12 to Individuals and Families .Graduates will be able to earn higher wages and/or better prepared to start their own business. Studies in the Philippines have shown that an additional year of schooling increases earnings by 7.5%. Filipino graduates could be recognized abroad.

Benefits of K to 12 to Society and the Economy . A better educated society provides a sound foundation for long-term socioeconomic development.K to 12 will contribute to economic growth. Several studies have shown that the improvements in the quality of education will increase GDP growth by as much as 2%.

Free for those in public schools Subsidized by the Government for those in the ESC program Who will cover the cost of the additional two years in high school? .