Elements and Principles

COLOUR . . .

Andy Goldsworthy, Rock wrapped in leaves, 1989

Today’s Goals
1) Understand basic vocabulary for
describing color
2) Introduce the color components
3) Understand the various color
relationships
4) Artists: The Fauves (André Derain,
Maurice de Vlaminck, Albert Marquet,…)

COLOUR
Objects are not Visible without
light. Therefore, colour is not
visible without light.

Light = Additive
Colours mix to make
White light

Paint = Subtractive
Colours mix to make
Black

COLOUR Near total reflection = WHITE Near total absorbtion = BLACK .

COLOUR Definition: Colour is what we see when light falls on an object and is REFLECTED or ABSORBED by that object. .

Hole .Andy Goldsworth y.

Definition: Colour is what we see when light falls on an object and is REFLECTED or ABSORBED by that object. .Vincent Van Gogh.

.Rothko Definition: Colour is what we see when light falls on an object and is REFLECTED or ABSORBED by that object.

Henri Matisse Definition: Colour is what we see when light falls on an object and is REFLECTED or ABSORBED by that object. .

1952 Definition: Colour is what we see when light falls on an object and is REFLECTED or ABSORBED by that object. .Henri Matisse. La Tristesse du roi (Sorrows of the King).

Intensity 3. Value . Hue 2.COLOUR Colour has 3 components 1.

– Blue – Yellow – Red .e.HUE The NAME of the colour i.

e. .Intensity The Brightness or Dullness of a colour i.

Value The Lightness or Darkness of a colour Lighter Normal Darker .

Tint A colour with WHITE added to it .

Shade A colour with BLACK added to it .

Colour Hues .

It cannot be mixed from other colours Red Blue Yellow .Primary A Pure colour.

Secondary A combination of 2 Primary colours Orange Green Violet (don’t call it purple) .

Tertiary / Intermediate A combination of ONE Primary colour and ONE secondary colour closest to it on the colour wheel Red/Orange Yellow/Orange Yellow/Green Blue/Green Blue/Violet Red/Violet .

Colour Wheel .

Munsell Colour System .

Rothko .

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COLOUR SCHEMES are sometimes referred to as Colour Harmonies. .Colour Schemes A colour scheme is a collection of colours that fall into a certain category.

.except I’ll only be referring to them as Colour Schemes.

So You can probably forget about the Harmonies bit. .

Colour Schemes There are 5 common colour schemes that we need to know: Complimentary Analogous Split-Complimentary Triad Monochromatic .

These colours are direct opposites in HUE.Complimentary Two colours opposite on the Colour Wheel. For example – RED and GREEN .

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Van Eyck Arnolfini Wedding 1434 .

For Example: Blue/Green Green Yellow/Green .Analogous Two or More colour ADJACENT to one another on the Colour Wheel.

Georgia O'Keeffe Red Canna .

For Example: Green Red/Violet Red/Orange .Split-Complimentary One colour plus the 2 colours on either side of it’s compliment.

Example: .Triad 3 Colours equally spaced apart on the Colour Wheel.

Triad Piet Mondrian .

For Example: Violet Light Violet Dark Violet .Monochromatic One colour plus it’s TINTS and SHADES.

Complimentary On your sheet – Refer to your colour wheel and show 6 sets of complimentary colours (colours OPPOSITE on the colour wheel) .

OP ART .

OP ART .

Georges .Seurat.

pointillism .

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Tints and shades .

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Value .

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Fauvists .

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Henri Matisse. Open window. 1905 colors are unblended (no subtle shading) Objects are depicted with their complement colors (orange masts rise from blue boats) Different brush strokes are used for different surfaces and textures .

Mix Compliment to dull colour .

Open window. 1905 colors are unblended (no subtle shading) Objects are depicted with their complement colors (orange masts rise from blue boats) Different brush strokes are used for different surfaces and textures .Henri Matisse.

TEXTURE VOCABULARY Tactile textures Changes in the physical surface Rough Smooth Prickly Fuzzy Grooved Bumpy Visual textures Created by variations in light and dark Mottled Runny Spotted Grainy .