TSL 3123 Tutorial

Prepared by Dorina Wong Ming

To what extend o you agree with the above statement? .Question 2 Reliability and validity are generally important for all types of evaluation. Discuss the arguments that can be used to justify this stand. However. more emphasis should be given for validity and reliability. some may argue that for formative evaluation.

Concept of reliability ▪ Reliability refers to the assessments are consistent. the same scale should register 200 grams for the potatoes an hour later. if you weigh 200 grams of potatoes in the morning. classroom tests and national standardized exams should not make any difference whether a student takes the assessment in the morning or afternoon. extent to which ▪ For example. and the scale is reliable. ▪ Likewise. one day .

▪ Imagine a bathroom scale that consistently tells you that you weigh 60 kg. The reliability (consistency) of this scale is very good.Concept of validity ▪ Validity refers to the accuracy of an assessment -whether or not it measures what it is supposed to measure. . it is almost always reliable. but it is not accurate (valid) because you actually weigh 63 kg ▪ If a test is valid.

It provides procedural evidence ▪ How were the content requirement. and knowledge. strategies. and tests created? . items. It’s focus is on assessing ▪ Valid assessments accurately target specific skills. 2.Arguments to justify the stands 1.

Arguments to justify the stands 3. It should be able to stand court scrutiny. It provides measurement evidence ▪ Linear factor analysis ▪ Regression analysis (prediction) ▪ Relationship to other measures 4. .

My opinion ▪ I strongly agree with the stand. ▪ It is my belief that validity is more important than reliability because if an instrument does not accurately measure what it is supposed to. there is no reason to use it even if it measures consistently (reliably). .

Question 3 Define and provide an example of concurrent validity. .

▪ If you create some type of test. . or asking two different groups of people to take the same test. you want to make sure it’s valid: that it measures what it is supposed to measure. It can also refer to the practice of concurrently testing two groups at the same time. ▪ Concurrent validity measures how well a new test compares to an well-established test.Definition of concurrent validity ▪ Concurrent (as the same time) validity is a type of Criterion Validity.

Example of concurrent validity ▪ Concurrent validity can also occur between two different groups. then you have a problem with concurrent validity. ▪ If. If the students who score well on the practical test also score well on the paper test. on the other hand. ▪ For example. let’s say a group of nursing students take two final exams to assess their knowledge. students who score well on the practical test score poorly on the paper test (and vice versa). ▪ In this particular example. . you would question the ability of either test to assess knowledge. ▪ One exam is a practical test and the second exam is a paper test. then concurrent validity has occurred.