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Bacterial Cell

Morphologies and
Arrangements

What is a bacteria?
• Prokaryotic microorganism that is too small to be
seen without an unaided eye
• Bacteria are found everywhere from hot springs to
on your own skin.

How do we identify bacteria?
• Bacterial cell morphology
• Bacterial cell arrangement

What is a Morphology?
• The form and structure of a particular organism,
organ, tissue or cell.
• This includes the shape and other externally
visible characteristics of the cell or colony of
bacteria.

Why is Morphology
Important?
• Helps identify bacterial species
• May assist motility of bacteria
• May have selective benefits for survival of
bacteria

Types of Morphologies
• 1) Bacillus = rod/cigar shaped

Types of Morphologies
• 2.) Coccus = spherical shaped
• EX: Streptococcus

Types of Morphologies
• 3.) Coccobacilli = potato/cigar butt shaped
• Shape in between a Coccus and a Bacillus
• EX: Chlamydia trachomatis

Types of Morphologies
• 4.) Spirilla = Spiral shaped
• EX: Spirillum minus = rat bite fever

Types of Morphologies
• 5.) Vibrios = slightly curved rods
• EX: Cholera

What is Cell Arrangement
mean?
• Determined by the number of planes in which the
division occurs and on whether the cells separate
after the division

SO.. Which ones undergo these
multicellular associations?
• Cocci
• Bacilli

Division Patterns Among
Cocci

Division patterns Among
Bacilli
• Bacilli do NOT exhibit tetrads or sacrinae like cocci
do.
• Streptobacillus

Recap:
• Morphology refers to the shape of the bacterial cell
• Arrangement describes the different types of
divisions that may occur

5 Types of
Morphologies:
1.) Bacillus
2.) Coccus
3.) Coccibacilli
4.) Vibrios
5.) Spirilla

5 Types of
Arrangements in
Cocci:
1.) Diplococcus
2.) Streptococcus
3.) Tetrads
4.) Sacrina
5.)
Staphylococcus

Which one is a Coccibacilli?

Which one is a Vibrio-shaped
cell?

Which one is a bacilli?

Which is a Cocci-shaped?

Which is a spirilla?

Which Division is
Diplococcus?

Which Division is
Staphylococcus?

Which Division is a Tetrad?

Which Division is a
Streptococcus?

Which is a Sacrina?