You are on page 1of 55

Security Level: Internal O

LTE basic
AMS

2012
www.huawei.com

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

target

To Know system architecture of LTE

To know OFDM and MAC layer

To know LTE stack L2 function and L2 Scheduling algorithm

To know peak value of different bandwidth, can do basic analysis
of throughput

To know L3 basic signaling procedure

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 2

category

LTE system architecture

EUTRAN and SAE basic architecture

EUTRAN basic protocol stack

LTE physical layer

OFDM introduction

LTE physical layer concept

LTE L2

DL/UL scheduling algorithm

DL/UL scheduling procedure

How to configure throughput

LTE L3 introduction

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 3

LTE system architecture : E-UTRAN
architecture






flat : cancel RNC,put the function to eNodeB and cn
PS service only: voice service using VoIP(or CSFB)
S1 interface : interface between eNodeB and SAE Gateway/MME,include control plane
and user plane.
X2 interface: interface between eNodeBs,include control plane and user plane.manage
mobility and part of air resource.
LTE-Uu interface: interface between eNodeB and UE.include control and user plane
Itf-S interface : eNodeB and EMS(M2000)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 4

LTE system architecture : SAE
architecture



Separated control and user plane,MME as a single node,GW optimize to a Serving GW
and a PDN GW,this two GW can be deployed together.
S1 interface user plane use GTP-U,the same QoS architecture
MME and Serving GW with standards interface,MME and Serving GW can be deployed as
one physical node

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 5

transfer user data. LTD. SCTP : Stream Control Transmission Protocol. between eNodeB and MME.RFC2960 GTP-U : GPRS tunnel protocol(user plane)..LTE protocol stack.S1 Interface      S1AP : S1 Application Protocol. ensure the S1 signal message transfer between MME and eNodeB.the protocol of transfer user data between eNodeB and S-GW(or Serving GW) UDP : User Datagram Protocol.RFC 768 。 Data Link layer can be PPP. Huawei Confidential Page 6 .Ethernet or other protocol belong to L2 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 7 ...Ethernet or other protocol belong to L2 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.X2 Interface  X2 interface include X2-U(user plane) and X2-C(control plane)  X2 Data Link layer can be PPP.LTE protocol stack.

UU Interface L3 & NAS L2 L1 User plane      RRC protocol layer  UE with 2 RRC state PDCP protocol layer RLC protocol layerTalk about MAC protocol layer later PHY protocol layer HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. the UE with state RRC_IDLE 1) start DRX to save power 2 ) intercept paging channel 3 ) neighbor cell measurement and cell reselect 4 ) accept system information 5 ) TAU update RRC_CONNECTED : when UE at RRC_CONNECTED state 1 ) mobility management (HANDOVER). Huawei Confidential Page 8 . 2 ) UL/DL data transfer 3 ) channel status and feed back informatioN 4 ) support DRX config.. Control plane RRC_IDLE : there is no RRC connect. LTD.LTE protocol stack .to save UE power.

LTD.. Huawei Confidential Page 9 .category     LTE system architecture  EUTRAN and SAE basic architecture  EUTRAN basic protocol stack LTE physical layer  OFDM introduction  LTE physical layer concept LTE L2  DL/UL scheduling algorithm  DL/UL scheduling procedure  How to configure throughput LTE L3 introduction HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 10 .LTE system physical layer OFDM HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO..

6 Huawei Confidential Page 11 .OFDM pros : High spectrum efficiency High spectrum efficiency  the bandwidth of each subcarrier would be adjacent to its neighbors.. LTD. so there would be no wasted spectrum  OFDM Orthogonal sub Frequency will also save spectrum 140 120 Linear Amplitude 100 80 60 40 20 0 -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

OFDM pros : anti multi-path interference anti multi-path interference  Under the same transfer speed.  Insert a protect interval(cyclic prefix) after every OFDM symbol will be lower multi-path interference Blue one will anti interference red one cannot HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.if we enlarger the period of every symbol as nT. LTD.. Huawei Confidential Page 12 .the multipath interference will be weaker.

LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 13 . That will compose LTE frame..OFDM time frequency signal OFDM feature  Time domain unit : Symbol  Frequency domain unit : Sub-carrier HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

category     LTE system architecture  EUTRAN and SAE basic architecture  EUTRAN basic protocol stack LTE physical layer  OFDM introduction  LTE physical layer concept LTE L2  DL/UL scheduling algorithm  DL/UL scheduling procedure  How to configure throughput LTE L3 introduction HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential Page 14 . LTD..

 Sub Frame : 1ms , scheduling unit(also called 1 TTI)  Slot : 0. LTD.for FDD.LTE frame : FDD FDD frame  Radio Frame : 10ms , .5ms Frame structure type 1 for FDD HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.. Huawei Confidential Page 15 .DL/UL with the same 10 Subframe resource.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Configuration 1slot N symb N scRB f  15 kHz Normal cyclic prefix Extended cyclic prefix 12 12 Frame structure type 1 Frame structure type 2 7 9 6 8 Expand CP. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 16 .extended cell will use..FDD LTE frame : smallest resource unit ( RE ) FDD frame  1 RE=1 symbol*1 sub-carrier  1 PRB=1 slot*12 sub-carrier  How many symbols dose 1 slot contain can be configured.

LTD..FDD LTE frame : RE HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential Page 17 .

LTE system physical layer Basic physical channel HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 18 .

scheduleing message) ; Transport channel : how the physical layer will provide transfort service Physical channel : what kind of signal(modulation. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 19 .like signal.LTE physical layer Include DL/UL physical layer  DL channel       UL    PDSCH : Physical Downlink Shared Channel PDCCH : Physical Downlink Control Channel PBCH : Physical Broadcast Channel PHICH : Physical Hybrid ARQ Indicator Channel PCFICH : Physical Control Format Indicator Channel channel PRACH : Physical Random Access Channel PUSCH : Physical Uplink Shared Channel PUCCH : Physical Uplink Control Channel Logic channel:the type of transferred message(data or other message..encodin g) HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

how the RB resource will be relocated. transfer user data  PDCCH : Physical Downlink Control Channel. broadcast system information  With the same protocol at ENB and UE end  PHICH : Physical Hybrid ARQ Indicator Channel. scheduling modulation(MCS)  ENB tell UE these info through PDCCH channel  PBCH : Physical Broadcast Channel.can use those information evaluate quality of channel ENB tell UE uplink data ACK/NACK through PHICH  PCFICH : Physical Control Format Indicator Channel. if error happends. indicate how many symbol the PDHCCH will occupy  Channel.ENB demodulate. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 20 . indicate scheduling info(DL AND UL)  ENB will decide when to schedule. indicate how many symbol the PDCCH will occupy  PCFICH always at the first symbol.. take part of the symbol’s RE HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. UE know demodulation ACK/NACK .LTE physical channel  DL physical layer : PCFICH : Physical Control Format Indicator Channel  PDSCH : Physical Downlink Shared Channel.ullink data channel demodulation feedback(ACK/NACK)    UE send uplink data.ENB will tell UE to retransmission.

. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 21 Pilot .LTE physical layer  UL physical layer    PRACH : physical random access channel PUSCH : Physical uplink Shared Channel PUCCH : Physical uplink Control Channel 1 RB Data HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

LTE physical channel 1 RB Every RB have reference signal RE ( antenna 0 with 2T2R ) , RS RE : 1 ) RS RE’s number limited by antenna. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.there is only synchronization infor(PSCH SSCH introduce later) Huawei Confidential Page 22 . 4 ) function: Downlink channel evaluate and measure Control channel : PCFICH ( first symbol ), PHICH and PDCCH will occupy 1-4 symbols. ps : this is frame 0. rfc 36.211 6.10 2 ) correlate with PCI.ensure RS can be demodulated 3)The power of SRS is configured by using MML and broadcast in system information..as to frame 5.

LTD.LTE physical layer Cell search and random access HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential Page 23 ..

the last OFDM symbol •S-SCH. secondary-SCH )  Frequency domain:6 RB in the middle no matter what the cell bandwidth is.  Time domain: period 5 ms • P-SCH. each cluster contain 3 PCIs  PSS AND SSS is mapping to every PCI. the last 2 OFDM symbol  504 physical cell ID splitted into 168 clusters. LTD. ..UE will be get synchronization at frequency and time domain. Slot 0 and slot 10 in a frame. Slot 0 and slot 10 in a frame.SCH : cell search and DL synchronization  P-SCH and S-SCH ( primary-SCH. we will know the cluster. We get SSS. we get the PSS. Huawei Confidential Page 24 8 9 . we will know PCI. and get cell PCI( group id*3+cell id in group) Reference Signal Slot  UE measure celll DL RS get cell RSRP (reference signal received power ) Slot 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 PCFICH PHICH PBCH PSS SSS PDCCH HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.  Through PSS SSS.

and can be combined(SIB3+SIB4).every 20ms resend. LTD.  SIBx: decided by Sibx itself’s Period (x=2..will be broadcast in SIB1.every 10 ms resend.  Inner SI window allowed retrans.BCH : PBCH and system information  System information scheduling  MIB: scheduling period 40ms.  SIB1: scheduling period 80ms. 20MS 80MS MIB SIB1 SI1 SI2 SI3 SI1 SI2 Slot Slot 0 PCFICH PHICH PDCCH 1 PBCH 2 PSS 3 4 5 6 7 SSS HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.subframe 0. Huawei Confidential Page 25 8 9 .3…8).sunframe 5.

Cell ID. cell bandwidth 、 PHICH parameter  SIB1: PLMN ID..8bits).  SIB4: intra-frequency neighbor  SIB5: inter-frequency neighbor  SIB6: UMTS neighbor. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.PUSCH.  SIB7: GSM neighbor.System information  MIB: SFN (system frame number. TAC. Huawei Confidential Page 26 MIB SIB1 SIB2 important . BCCH. PDSCH.PUCCH.public channel parameter (RACH. PRACH.  SIB8: CDMA neighbor. LTD. Cell barred. cell select parameter , SI(other self-define) . PCCH.  SIB2: access.SRS…)  SIB3: cell reselect. UE timer.

7 8 Any 3. 5. 8 9 Any 1. LTD. 2. 3. 3. 8 11 Any 3.10M-10ms) System frame number ( subframe in every frame that can be PRACH will automatically configured according cell bandwidth ) access(handover). 20M-5ms. 6 7 Any 2 . 5.. 4. 7 10 Any 2. 9 12 Any 0.PRACH resource PRACH configuration Different CP support different cell radius , RF36. 6. 5.211  PRACH configure rules   PRACH resource decided by cell radius and bandwidth HW support :  Preamble format: 0~3 (different CP. 9 14 Any 0. non-contention access HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. 8 13 Any 1. 4. 6. 2. 4. 9 15 Even 9 Frame resource PRACH period: 10ms. 7. 8. 1. different cell radius)   Random access procedure: contention Subframe number 0 Even 1 1 Even 4 2 Even 7 3 Any 1 4 Any 4 5 Any 7 6 Any 1. 5ms (different bandwidth with different default value. 6. Huawei Confidential Page 27 . 7.

. LTD. conflict happened. Preamble is distributed by net side. net will ensure there is no conflict during a time period.UE choose randomly non-contention access. non-contention access non-contention access.ENB will decide Scenario of random access  initial access. contention access.UE is not synchronizate with ENB  handover  UE UL out-of-synchronization  UE DL out-of-synchronization HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.devide into contention access.PRACH : random access  purpose :   User access , get a UE ID ( let ENB know this UE is available ) UE uplink synchronization  procedure :     eNodeB check preamble send by UE According how to choose Preamble. contention access. Huawei Confidential Page 28 .

UE between eNB with different distance  Which LTE have :  eNodeB will check UE UL RS to get time info  ENB send TA(time alignment ) to UE through PDSCH  ENB and UE get one timer. This will help to keep UL synchronization when UE is connected. LTD. update TA info.UL synchronization : random access finish  UL synchronization is data arrived time point is the same with eNodeB supposed to received time point  With orthogonal subcarrier. interference will happened  UL time deviation . RTD: relative time difference Cell Middle Cell Edege Time Send time Arrive Time HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO..if UE1 and UE2’s data.transmit delay. Huawei Confidential Arrive Time Page 29 .ENB were not received at the same time which it should be.

category     LTE system architecture  EUTRAN and SAE basic architecture  EUTRAN basic protocol stack LTE physical layer  OFDM introduction  LTE physical layer concept LTE L2  LTE L2 introduction  DL/UL scheduling procedure  How to configure throughput LTE L3 introduction HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential Page 30 .. LTD.

LTD.  Priority handling between logical channels of one UE..  …… HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. integrity protection and verification RLC  Transfer of upper layer PDUs supporting AM.  Priority handling between UEs.  Segmentation.  Error correction through HARQ. UM and TM  Error Correction through ARQ (CRC check provided by the physical layer)  Concatenation of SDUs for the same radio bearer.modulation encoding.  Duplicate Detection..LTE L2 L3 & NAS L2 L1  PDCP      User Plane 用户面 Control Plane 控制面 Header compression and decompression for user plane data.  Multiplexing/demultiplexing of RLC PDUs belonging to one or different radio bearers into/from transport blocks (TB) delivered to/from the physical layer.  MAC  Mapping between logical channels and transport channels.  SDU discard. Security functions: ciphering and deciphering.  Transport format selection Huawei Confidential Our most important technique are here:schedule.resourc e relocated. Page 31 .  Padding.

LTE scheduling procedure-MAC in L2 MAC’s important function: scheduling HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.. Huawei Confidential Page 32 . LTD.

. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 33 .category     LTE system architecture  EUTRAN and SAE basic architecture  EUTRAN basic protocol stack LTE physical layer  OFDM introduction  LTE physical layer concept LTE L2  LTE L2 introduction  DL/UL scheduling procedure  How to configure throughput LTE L3 introduction HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

LTE L2 LTE scheduling procedure HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential Page 34 .. LTD.

Huawei Confidential Page 35 .of course QCI 7 and QCI 8 with different service PRI HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO..normally normally used as default bearer Different QCI with different PRI.LTE service One service mapping to a radio bearer Tracing S1 message we can get the bearer information : Default bearer: Initial Context Setup Request Dedicated bearer : E-RAB Setup Request Voice , VOIP GBR service , guaranteed bit rate , dedicated bearer IMS information management Non GBR. LTD.thus RB resource will be according this to relocated.non guaranteed bit rate service , differ PRI.

: info. This ensures that every UE has an opportunity to be scheduled. UE UE historical historical scheduled scheduled bit bit rates rates The scheduling opportunity has a positive correlation with the CQI. UE UE latest latest channel quality quality CQI UE UE QOS QOS info. allocate appropriate timeand-frequency resources to users. PF/EPF Proportional fair (PF) scheduling is a compromise between fairness and throughput. sending scheduling Grant scheduling Grant to to UE UE Page 36 . Huawei Confidential opportunity has a negative correlation with the amount of historical data. Output scheduling Output scheduling result. LTD. One user The scheduling may have multiple services.: QOS QOS requirement on requirement on delay 、 packet delay 、 packet loss loss 、 、 AMBR AMBR EPF EPF algorithm algorithm UE UE Capability Capability HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Satisfy QoS requirements by esuring fairness of the same services and differentiation of different services. Therefore it has ideal throughput but cannot ensure fairness or satisfy QoS requirements. Enhanced proportional fair (EPF) classifies services (not users) into GBR services and non-GBR services. Maximize the system throughput by making full use of channel status information. Algorithm    Max-C/I Only the user with the best channel quality is scheduled by using this algorithm.Scheduling Algorithm Functions of Scheduling Algorithms:    Ensure the coverage (access/call drop).. sending result. that is. Round Robin This algorithm lays an emphasis on fairness and allocates the transmission chance to each user in turn. A user is scheduled when the channel quality for the user is the best.

.LTE L2 LTE scheduling procedure HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 37 .

Huawei Confidential Page 38 .LTE scheduling-DL scheduling HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD..

Huawei Confidential Page 39 . through RRC reconfiguration message(L3 message)  Measure DL RS to get CQI : UE get measurement SINR , mapping to CQI(channel quality indicator)  If DL scheduling is undergoing. I f current MCS lead to IBLER>10%. MSC is the efficiency of spectrum  ENB choose MCS to make IBLER<10%.LTE scheduling-DL  UE will get PUCCH resource to report CQI. if there is scheduling. data transmit is correct or not.UE should also feed back demodulation result(ACK/NACK)  ACK/NACK tell ENB .ENB estimate UE’s resource RB  ENB indicate UE through PDCCH : allocated RB size and MCS  UE listen to PDCCH.MCS and RB number decide throughput. ENB will lower MCS  According scheduling alrigony.  ENB will choose MCS according CQI.UE will get the specify position to demodulate PDSCH data. LTD. help ENB to decide to choose MCS(modulation and coding scheme )  ENB will decide MCS according CQI and ACK/NACK result  UE measurement report to ENB.  PDCCH and PDSCH are send at the same time point. wether need retransmit  BLER=NACK/(ACK+NACK) BLER: block error rate  ACK/NACK also a reflect of UE demodulation capacity. 14 symbols every 1ms HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO..

LTE scheduling procedure-UL HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.. Huawei Confidential Page 40 . LTD.

ENB can define BLER =NAKC/(ACK+NACK according ACK/NCAK. and tell UE demodulation result.to get UE’s UL channel quality  If UE is the first transmit data.LTE scheduling-UL  ENB through measure UL RS. UL Demodulation result ACK/NACK will be at PHICH HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.UE decide if it need retransmit.need to send SR(scheduling request) at PUCCH to tell END there is data to transmit  ENB will according SINR(CQI) and data demodulation result(ACK NACK) to decode MCS    According SINR to choose MCS If UE is transmitting data.UE will send PUSCH data according PDCCH  ENB demodulate PUSCH data that UE send. if there is scheduling.BLER also reflected UL demodulation capacity According IBLER to adjust MCS to get a better BLER ( 10% )  ENB estimate UE’s resource according scheduling arithmetic  ENB send PDCCH indicate : allocate resource size and position. Huawei Confidential Page 41 .. LTD.MCS  UE listen to PDCCH.

. Huawei Confidential Page 42 . LTD.category     LTE system architecture  EUTRAN and SAE basic architecture  EUTRAN basic protocol stack LTE physical layer  OFDM introduction  LTE physical layer concept LTE L2  LTE L2 introduction  DL/UL scheduling procedure  How to configure throughput LTE L3 introduction HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

Huawei Confidential Page 43 . LTD..LTE L2 LTE throughput HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

. . . . . . LTD. .that is transmitted data throughput RF360. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .213  29 、 30 、 31 with different MCS resend MCS Index I TBS 91 92 93 94 0 2536 2536 2600 1 3368 3368 2 4136 3 N PRB 95 96 97 98 99 100 2600 2664 2664 2728 2728 2728 2792 3368 3496 3496 3496 3496 3624 3624 3624 4136 4136 4264 4264 4264 4392 4392 4392 4584 5352 5352 5352 5544 5544 5544 5736 5736 5736 5736 . . . . . .LTE throughput  LTE throughput is basic on MCS(modulation and coding scheme ) . 19 39232 39232 40576 40576 40576 40576 42368 42368 42368 43816 20 42368 42368 43816 43816 43816 45352 45352 45352 46888 46888 21 45352 46888 46888 46888 46888 48936 48936 48936 48936 51024 22 48936 48936 51024 51024 51024 51024 52752 52752 52752 55056 23 52752 52752 52752 55056 55056 55056 55056 57336 57336 57336 24 55056 57336 57336 57336 57336 59256 59256 59256 61664 61664 25 57336 59256 59256 59256 61664 61664 61664 61664 63776 63776 26 66592 68808 68808 68808 71112 71112 71112 73712 73712 75376 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential Modulation Order 0 1 2 。 。 。 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 2 2 2 。 。 。 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 2 4 6 Page 44 TBS Index 0 1 2 。 。 。 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 reserved . .. .

LTD.MIMO(2T2R). no schedule HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. no data.LTE throughput 【 key point 】 :cell bandwidth.MCS.HSS(home subscriber server ) 1 、 cell bandwidth :how many RB can be used 2 、 MCS : spectrum efficiency RB Cell band-width Sched uling times Scheduling times is referred to user number.UE capacity. And also referred to data.. the more the less. MCS TBS size UE capacity and QOS MIMO mode throughput ( Mbp s) Huawei Confidential Page 45 .

this limited TBS DL UE Category Maximum number Maximum of DL-SCH number of bits transport block bits of a DL-SCH received within a transport block block transmitted TTI received within within a TTI UL UE Category Maximum number Support for of bits of an UL- 64QAM in UL SCH transport a TTI Category 1 5160 No 51024 Category 2 25456 No 102048 75376 Category 3 51024 No Category 4 150752 75376 Category 4 51024 No Category 5 299552 149776 Category 5 75376 Yes Category 1 10296 10296 Category 2 51024 Category 3 UU message we can get UE capacity HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential Page 46 .UE capacity and HSS Different UE with different capacity.the most popular commercial UE is cat3. LTD..

NonGBR can not exceed AMBR(aggregate maximum bit rate ) If AMBR with a very small rate. Huawei Confidential Page 47 .UE capacity and HSS In the protocol. LTD. QOSand AMBR info HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.peak throughput will be limited or even worse AMBR=0.there will be no data transferred S1message..

can not reach this value. all the cell’s RB=100 ( 20M ) is for this UE.the most efficient one ( no retrans.ENB decide MCS. LTD.ENB evaluate RB number need.MSC always keep the same ) Suppose there is enough data from SGW.from RFC 36.213 throughput speed=75376 bit.the best throughput maybe 98%*150=147M HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.2T2R. With DL MIMO.2 symbol at a time throughput speed=75376*1000*2=150M But actually. Huawei Confidential Page 48 . if we exclude SI at PDSCH..LTE DL peak throughput ( Cat4/5 UE )      UE measure : at peak position with UE measure SINR>30db.ENB get CQI=15 ; According CQI.

with very good condition. ENB will choose MCS=24 ( UE Cat3 do not support 64QAM(MCS=28) ), UE send schedule request to ENB. Huawei Confidential Page 49 . HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.random access PRACH will take pat of resource. There’s no Menomonee symbol at once throughput=51024*1000=51Mbps Actual speed is lower that 51.213 , speed=51024bit.LTE UL peak throughput ( Cat3 UE )      ENB UE at peak position. LTD.. ENB give UE all the cell RB=96 ( suppose PUCCH take 4RB , 20M ) RFC36.

Huawei Confidential Page 50 .. LTD.提纲     LTE system architecture  EUTRAN and SAE basic architecture  EUTRAN basic protocol stack LTE physical layer  OFDM introduction  LTE physical layer concept LTE L2  LTE L2 introduction  DL/UL scheduling procedure  How to configure throughput LTE L3 introduction HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

etc. maintenance and release of an RRC connection between the UE and E-UTRAN including:   Allocation of temporary identifiers between UE and E-UTRAN. security co UE S1 signaling connection ID(s).LTE L3 introduce X2 interface ( ENB-ENB )  RRC interface ( UE-ENB also call Uu interface )    Broadcast of System Information related to NAS and AS  Mobility functions including:  UE measurement reporting and control of the reporting for mobility.        Intra LTE-Access-System Mobility Support for UE in LTE_ACTIVE: Context transfer from source eNB to target eNB.  Context transfer at handover. Load Management Inter-cell Interference Coordination Uplink Interference Load Management. Control of user plane tunnels between source eNB and target eNB..  UE cell selection and reselection and control of cell selection and reselection.  Establishment. Trace functions S1 interface ( SAE-ENB )            HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD. SAE bearer management functions GTP-U tunnels management function S1 Signalling link management function Intra-LTE handover Inter-3GPP RAT handover Paging function Network sharing function NAS node selection function Security function Huawei Confidential Page 51 . maintenance and release of point to point Radio Bearers.  Establishment. configuration. S1 UE context management function: Establishment/release SAE bearer context.  Configuration of signaling radio bearer(s) for RRC connection: Security functions including key management. Handover cancellation. General X2 management and error handling functions: Error indication.

Huawei Confidential Page 52 . LTD.Network Access Procedure for a Calling UE HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO..

Network Access Procedure for a Called UE HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 53 .

http://3ms.com/hi/group/1004739 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.huawei. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 54 . For the principle of communication.. you can go for our group.

huawei.com .Thank You www.