12 views

Uploaded by Gurvir Singh

save

You are on page 1of 27

Particle In Electric

And Magnetic Field

Submitted By:

Harjot Kaur

Sukhwinder

Singh

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN

ELECTRIC AND MAGNETIC

FORCES

ELECTRIC FORCES

MAGNETIC FORCES

The force on a charged

**particle due to an electric
**

field is parallel

(antiparallel) to the

electric field vector for a

positive charge ( a

negative charge)

The magnetic force on a

charge particle is

orthogonal to the

magnetic field vector.

Does not depend on the

velocity of the particle.

It depends on the velocity

of the particle.

MOTION OF CHARGED PARTICLE IN UNIFORM ELECTRIC FIELD When a charge q is placed in an electric field E. F = m·a therefore. the electric force on the charge is F = E·q From Newton’s second law. m·a = E·q The acceleration of the charge is: a=E.q / m .

in direction of field q = negative . acc. is constant q = positive . acc.E is uniform then acc . in opposite direction of field .

t + (1/2) (a).t² a = 2(y)/t² F = m.t Vyi = 0 because the electron enters the field horizontally. Final vertical speed: Vyf = Vyi + a.V.d.a = m. it will be accelerated by the electric field. Vertical displacement: y = (Vyi).If an electron is projected horizontally into an electric field with an initial velocity V0.2y/t² = qV/d y = q.v²) Parabolic path Horizontal displacement: x = (Vx)·t .x²/(2m.

The angle at which the electron exits the electric field is given by: tan θ = Vyf / Vx . it continues to move in a straight line with a speed greater than its original speed.Once the electron leaves the uniform electric field.

which is small in comparison to the electric force acting on the electron .9278 x 10-30 N.11 x 10-31 kg ·9.8 m/s2 = 8.What About Gravity? The gravitational force acting on the mass of the electron has been neglected F = 9.

.Magnetic force on a moving charge The magnetic force F on a moving charged particle with a velocity v in a magnetic field B at an angle is given by F = Bqv sin The direction of the force can be determined by Fleming’s left hand rule.

= 0° or 180° F=0 .Motions of charged particles in uniform magnetic field The motion of a charged particle in a uniform magnetic field B depends on the angle between its initial velocity v and the direction of the field.

Circular Motion The magnetic force. F = qv×B = qvB sinθ Θ = 900 F = qvB = mv²/r r = mv/(qB) Radius of curvature of path of particle f = qB/(2πm) Cyclotron frequency . acting perpendicular to the velocity of the particle. will cause circular motion.

perpendicular to field produces circular motion • Component of velocity parallel to field remains unaffected • And thus resultant produces helical motion .Helical Motion • If the velocity is not perpendicular to the magnetic field. • Component of vel.

Motion of charged particle in electric and magnetic field A particle of mass m.axis and B along z – axis Ex = 0 .B = 0 .Bz) ay = (q/m)(Ey-vx.Bz) az = 0 . Lorentz force acting on particle : F = q ( E + (v × B) ) Consider E along y . Suppose E. charge q moving in uniform electric field E and magnetic field B. Bx = 0 . Ez= 0 . By = 0 . a = (q/m)( E+(v×B)) ax = (q/m)(vy.

The particles are held to a spiral trajectory by a static magnetic field and accelerated by a rapidly varying electric field .Example -: Cyclotron • A cyclotron is a type of particle accelerator in which charged particles accelerate outwards from the center along a spiral path.

The line tangent to the solution at this initial point is y f (t . y ). The tangent line is a good approximation to solution. . we can approximate (t1) by y1 y0 f t0 . y (t0 ) y0 . y0 t t0 The solution passes through initial point (t0. y0 t1 t 0 Serves as a base to construct predictor-corrector method. y0) with slope f (t0. y0).Euler method A numerical procedure for solving ordinary differential equations (ODEs) with a given initial value. For the initial value problem we begin by approximating solution y = (t) at initial point t0 y y0 f t0 . Thus if t1 is close enough to t0.

For a uniform step size h = tn – tn-1. y1 t 2 t1 Thus we create a sequence yn of approximations to (tn): y1 y0 f 0 t1 t 0 y 2 y1 f1 t 2 t1 y n 1 y n f n t n 1 t n where fn = f (tn. y1): y2 y1 f t1 . . we approximate (t2) using the line passing through (t1. 2.EULER FORMULA For a point t2 close to t1. n 0. yn). y1) with slope f (t1. Euler’s formula becomes yn 1 yn f n h.1.

FORWARD EULER METHOD: The forward difference approximation for first derivative yn 1 yn yn ' . h t n 1 t n h BACKWARD EULER METHOD: The backward difference approximation for first derivative yn yn 1 yn ' . h t n t n 1 h .

. so that error committed in each step is proportional to h.Errors in Euler method . The number of steps is easily determined to be(t-to)/h.) Local truncation errors – the error caused by one iteration. yn 1 yn f n h 21! y '' h 2 yn f n h O(h 2 ) Euler’s approx. Types: 1. Truncation error is the error made by truncating an infinite sum and approximating it by a finite sum . Local truncation error 2. It is difference b/w exact and numerical solution. Thus global error is 0(h). which is proportional to 1/h.)Global truncation errors – the cumulative error caused by many iterations.

LIMITATIONS OF EULER METHOD Truncation errors – It is approximately proportional to h^2.The numerical solution grows very large for equations where the exact solution does not. The black curve shows the exact solution. Numerically unstable . Solution of computed with the Euler method with step size h=1 (blue squares) and h=0.7 (red circles). This makes the Euler method less accurate than other higher-order techniques such as Runge-Kutta methods for which the local truncation error is proportional to a higher power of the step size. This can be illustrated using the linear equation The exact solution is which decays to zero as .However if euler method is applied with h=1 then numerical solution is oscillates and grows. .

tf as an integer and x .ti.t as a floating.n. Declare q.m.ay.vx .The width of time step is h. Define class. Define initial values of position x=y=0 Define initial and final time ti and tf respectively . and calculate the no. of integral time steps n=(tf-ti)/h .ax .ALGORITHM include the header files.vy . y .h .E. Declare member functions getdata() and calculate().

initial velocity components vx and vy. Call the member functions with the help of an object. Return zero value to main function.strength of electric and magnetic field . . Start a for loop.mass.In loop calculate ax=(q*vy*B)/m ay=((q*E)/m)-((q*vx*B)/m) vx=vy+(ax*h) vy=vy+(ay*h) x=x+(h*vx) y=y+(h*vy) Declare main function .Get the values of charge.

m.txt”).tf.vy. float x. void calculate().B.E.PROGRAM #include<iostream> #include<cmath> #include<fstream> ofstream output(“o. using namespace::std.vy. class charge { int q.t. }.y.h.ti. using std::fstream.vx. .ay. public: void getdata().ax.n.

001. vy=0. B=1. y=0. h=0. q=-1.void charge::getdata() { x=0. ti=0. E=0. vx=5. } . m=1. tf=100.

} } int main() { charge p. ay=((q*E)/m)-((q*vx*B)/m).calculate().t++) { ax=(q*vy*B)/m. .Void particle::calculate() { n=(tf-ti)/h. return 0.t<=n. y=y+(h*vy) output<<x<<“ “<<y<<endl. p. x=x+(h*vx). for ( t=0.getdata(). p. vx=vx+(ax*h). vy=vy+(ay*h).

- Stability Analysis for Systems of Differential EquationsUploaded byKita de Azevedo
- Stability AnalysisUploaded byDaniel Turizo
- Competences c 3Uploaded byAntonakos Spiros
- Test 2 - Sem 2 AY 1516.pdfUploaded byJing Heng
- Lecture 12Uploaded byCamilaAndreaPerezHuerfano
- A methodology for designing Francis runner blade paper.pdfUploaded byLlairo Andru
- 302 Computer Oriented Numerical MethodsUploaded byRaja Bora
- Numerical Methods for ODE and PDEUploaded byRaman Deep
- MMAE 350 Syllabus - Spring 2015Uploaded bybrian
- Euler Method in Numerical Analysis PDFUploaded byDawn
- NA_HW5_10.pdfUploaded byEren Võ
- asdasdasdalkad.pdfUploaded byAjay Sagar
- Algorithm for Raman Backward PumpingUploaded byBharath Lagishetty
- BCANewsyllabusUploaded byabir1986
- GATE Study Material for CSE and ITUploaded byPankaj Vanis
- Simple SENSE ReconstructionUploaded byRaman Sidhu
- Numerical Method Syllabus-SPFUUploaded byNicholas Thompson
- Mathematical ModellingUploaded byKumar Shreshtha
- matecconf_rsp2017_00016Uploaded byBesmir Ismaili
- Mechanical Engineering CurricilumUploaded byaogu
- Resistance Prediction of Fast CatamaranUploaded byManoj Kumar
- Fortran Numerical Analysis ProgramsUploaded byOmed Ghareb
- LeBuCa01Uploaded byAnirudh Malleshwar
- Kb TroubleshootingChecklist 290918 0049 12456Uploaded byTanveer Ahmad
- InterpolationUploaded byAhmad Fauzan

- Badhaka Sthana and Its LordUploaded byKALSHUBH
- Fir DariaUploaded byJoatasol
- Gravity Assist ManeuverUploaded byAdrian Arasu
- KinemaTicsUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- A2 Asgn2Uploaded byJonny Muljadi
- The Scientific Turn in Metaphysics_ a Factualist Approach _ SpringerLinkUploaded byMatheus Sena
- Lattice TutorialUploaded byஎழில் ஏபல்
- CSP DictionaryUploaded byatilabayat
- Dictionary of Circadian PhysiologyUploaded byBudhi Santoso
- final6711F07solsUploaded bySongya Pan
- DK Esoteric Astro 3 SuggestionsUploaded byStephane Chollet
- us20070110208Uploaded byapi-317062920
- A Brief Theory of Time / hypothesisUploaded byAleksander Uzunov
- Drag Calculus Fr Qs PracticeUploaded byDaniel Wang
- CH06 Lagrangian Mechanics-17Uploaded byIván Hernández
- lhires3Uploaded byParlin Octavian Waldemar Tambunan
- The Mission of the Folk-Souls - Rudolf SteinerUploaded byckom26
- 1.Center of Percussion of a Compound PendulumUploaded byMuhammed Shameem N Edavannappara
- Chaotic vibration analysis of rotating, flexible, continuous shaft-disk system with a rub-impact between the disk and the stator.pdfUploaded bymohdsolihat1
- Surya Ravi in Yuvati Bhava-..Uploaded bymusicmadsri
- HolmesUploaded bytheosophy2010
- AriesUploaded byIngenio Metalurgia
- Greek Esoteric Music Theory by John OpsopausUploaded byResearchingPub
- CHAPTER-9Uploaded bySherena Peter Govind
- Philosophy of Religion - Descartes and Leibniz's proof of GodUploaded byVictoria Ronco
- ME 340.HW1Uploaded byJohn N
- DonnaCunningham-Counseling Principles for Astrologers.rtfUploaded bysatyajit1974
- a 2 z listUploaded bySonu Jaiswal
- Bhattacharyya 1969.pdfUploaded bysemstsam
- SaptarishisAstrologysNewsmakerArnoldSchwarzeneggerColorUploaded bySaptarishisAstrology