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Mechanic

Truss

Aniendhita Rizki A,

Definition of Truss

A truss is a structure that consist only two types

force member only, it can be compression or

tension.

Planar truss : 2D truss

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:The_Little_Belt_Bridge_(193

5).jpeg

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Below_Auckland_Harbour_Bridge_H

ossen27.jpg

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Truss#mediaviewer/File:Trusses_008.jp

g

Hookes law

P

P

A

Matrix Analysis

P

1

Sebagai vector (memperhatikan

arah)

P2 = P

Matrix Analysis

L

P

u1 1

2 u2

1

Sebagai vector (memperhatikan

arah)

Problem - 1

Determine the displacement

of nodal 2, if :

Node 1 is fixed, Node 2 is

free

Element 1 is D16 bar with

500 mm in length and E =

200.000 MPa

P force = 100000 Nmm

P

1

1

Problem - 2

Determine the displacement of

nodal 3, if :

free

Element 1 is D25 bar with 750

mm in length and E = 200.000

MPa

Element 2 is D16 bar with 500

mm in length and E = 200.000

Mpa

P force = 100000 Nmm

1

1

Problem 3 (Homework)

Determine the displacement of

nodal 2, if :

Node 1 and 3 are fixed, Node 2 is

free

Element 1 is D16 bar with 500 mm

in length and E = 200.000 MPa

Element 2 is D32 bar with 500 mm

in length and E = 200.000 Mpa

P force in node 2 = 3 angka

terakhir NRP x 100000 Nmm

P

1

1

2

2

Inclined TrussPy,

2

P

2

2

Py,

1

P

1

1

Px,

1

Px,

2

Px ,1

cos

P

sin

y ,1

0

Px , 2

Py , 2

0

0

0

cos

sin

P1

P2

Inclined Trussuy,

2

u2

2

2

uy,

1

u1

1

ux,

1

u1

cos

0

u2

ux,

2

sin

0

0

cos

0

sin

u x ,1

v

y ,1

u

x,2

v y , 2

Px ,1

cos

P

sin

y ,1

0

Px , 2

Py , 2

0

Px ,1

P

y ,1

cos 2

EA cos sin

P

L cos 2

x,2

Py , 2

cos sin

0

0

cos

sin

u1

cos

0

u2

P1

P2

cos

P1

EA 1 1 u1

1 1 u

P

L

2

2

cos sin

cos 2

sin 2

cos sin

cos sin

cos 2

sin

cos sin

sin

u x ,1

0 v y ,1

u

sin x , 2

v y , 2

cos sin

sin 2

cos sin

sin 2

u x ,1

v y ,1

u x,2

v y , 2

cos

sin

Px ,1

P

y ,1

Px , 2

Py , 2

P1

EA 1 1 cos

1 1 0

P

L

2

0

0 EA 1 1

cos L 1 1

sin

cos

0

sin

cos

sin

cos

u x ,1

0 v y ,1

sin u x , 2

v y , 2

u x ,1

0 v y ,1

sin u x , 2

v y , 2

Applied Engineering

Mechanic

Truss Direct Stifness Method

Aniendhita Rizki A,

Direct Stiffness

Method Flowchart (Truss)

Find Structural DOF and Define Size of

Global Stiffness Matrix (n DOF = Ks

nxn)

Find Element DOF, Define member Stiffness

Matrices / local (kn) and its aim global Matrices

(kn)

Find Global Structural Stiffness Matrix

(Ks)

Find Structural Deformation ({Us} =

{Ks}-1 {Ps})

Find Element Nodal Deformation {Un}

Find Element Displacement and its

Force

Problem - 4

Determine the displacement of

nodal 2 and 3, and their nodal

force, if :

free

Element 1 is D25 bar with 750 mm

in length and E = 200.000 MPa

1

1

in length and E = 200.000 Mpa

P force = 100000 N

Use Direct Stiffness Method

(n DOF = Ks nxn)

3

0

1

1

DOF = 4

Ks = 4 x 4

Matrices / local (kn) and its aim global Matrices (kn)

4

0

1

1

0 1 0

0 0 0

1 0 1 0

0 0 0 0

k1' 130.899

1

0

0

130.899

0

130.899

0

1

0

0 130.899

0

0

0 130.899

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

1

2

1 2

130.899 0

0

0

k1

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

4

0

0

0

1

2

3

4

Matrices / local (kn) and its aim global Matrices (kn)

4

0

1

0 1 0

0 0 0

1 0 1 0

0 0 0 0

k 2' 80.424

1

0

1

80.424

0

80.424

0

0 80.424 0

0

0

0

0 80.424 0

0

0

0

4

1

2

3

4

80.424

0

k2

80.424

0

0 80.424 0

0

0

0

0 80.424 0

0

0

0

1

2

3

4

130.899 0 0 0 80.424

0

0

0

0

0

ks k1 k 2

0

0 0 0 80.424

0

0

0

0

0

0 80.424 0 211.324

0

0

0

0

0 80.424 0 80.424

0

0

0

0

0 80.424 0

0

0

0

0 80.424 0

0

0

0

u x,2

0

inv

u x ,3

0

0 80.424 0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

211.324

matrix

Elemen 1

Elemen 2

{Un})

Elemen 1

Px ,1

130.899

P

0

y ,1

P

130.899

x,2

Py , 2

0

0 130.899 0

0 100.000

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Elemen 2

Px , 2

P

y,2

Px ,3

Py ,3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

80.424

So:

P1 = -100.000 N

P2 = +100.000100.000 = 0 N

P3 = +100.0000

u1

cos

0

u2

Elemen 1

Elemen 2

sin

cos

u x ,1

0 v y ,1

sin u x , 2

v y , 2

Fn EA / L{u 2 u1} EA / L u1

1

u 2

0

0

u1

1 0 0 0

0 0 1 0 0,7639 0,7639

u2

0

0,7639

0 0,7639

u2

1 0 0 0

2,007 2,007

u

0

0

1

0

F 1 130.899 0

F 2 80.424 0,7639

1

100000

1

0,7639

1

100000

1

2,007

So:

F1 = 100.000 N (tension)

F2 = 100.000 N (tension)

Problem 5

Determine the displacement of

nodal 1 and 3, and their nodal

force, if :

Node 1 is rol, Node 2 is rol and

3 is free

Element 1 (1500 mm), 2 (2000

mm) and 3 (2500 mm) are

D32 bar with E = 200.000 MPa

P

2

1

3

1

Excel Truss Problem 5

Py

Problem 6 -Homework

Determine the displacement of

nodal 2 and every nodal force,

include their element

deformations and frame forces

1500 mm

Px

22

is free

Element 3 is D16 bar

with E = 200.000 MPa

P force in node 2:

Py is your NRP x 10.000 N

2000 mm

1500 mm

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