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England

First
Industrial Country

Natural Resources
Politically Stable
Growing business
class
Leading Colonial
power

Innovation & Industrialization


Spinning Jenny ( jenny short for engine)
Power Loom
Coke fueled furnace
STEAM ENGINE

Luddites
British weavers and
textile workers who
objected to the
increased use of
automated looms
and knitting frames.

Transportation
Horse and Buggy was
replace by.

Steam locomotives

Communication and Banking


William Cooke and Charles Wheatstones commercial
electrical telegraph
London Stock Exchange 1770s

Quality of Life What does it mean?


Raised standard for middle and upper class
real income money adjusted for cost of living but not
health, pollution, longevity, urban crowding, etc
Working class made up 80% of population NO
BARGAINING POWER

First generation workers 1790s


1840s
Conditions very tough
10-14 hour work days, 6 days a week
No vacation or paid time of
No job security
Numerous safety hazards

Combination Acts c. 1800


made it illegal for workers to unionize

Living Conditions
For skilled workers quality of life DECREASED in the
first 60 years
Spread of disease cholera, tuberculosis, typhoid,
influenza
No Sanitation
Poor Nutrition
Cure of diseases often worse
The Poor Law of 1834 created workhouses for the

Working Class Families and Women


Separation of work and home life public vs. domestic
sphere
Married women stayed at home
Men were
the breadwinners
Robert Owen
1816
factory work bad for children

The Factory Act of 1833 limited factory work for children ages 9-1