You are on page 1of 63

Section 4.

1
Polynomial Functions and
Models

Vocab Words
Due Sept 20.
Polynomial function
Degree
Power function of degree n
Real zero
Multiple zero of
Turning points
End behavior
Dividend
Divisor
Quotient
Remainder
Remainder theorem
Factor theorem
Number of real zeros
Rational zeros theorem

Leading coefficient
Complex zero
Fundamental theorem of Algebra
Complex polynomial function
Conjugate pair
Conjugate pairs theorem
Rational function
Horizontal asymptote
Vertical asymptote
Depressed equation
Bounds on zeros
Intermediate value theorem
Complex variable

(a) f x 3x 4 x 3 x8
(a) f is a polynomial of degree 8.

x2 3
(b) g x
x 1
(b) g is not a polynomial function.
It is the ratio of two distinct polynomials.

(c) h x 5

(d) F x ( x 3)( x 2)

(c) h is a polynomial function of degree 0.

(d) F is a polynomial function of degree 2.

It can be written h x 5 x 0 5.

It can be written F ( x) x 2 x 6.

(e) G x 3 x 4 x 1

1 3 2 2 1
(f) H x x x x
2
3
4

(e) G is not a polynomial function.


The second term does not have a
nonnegative integer exponent.

(f) H is a polynomial of degree 3.

Summary of the Properties of the Graphs


of Polynomial Functions

Use transformations of the graph of y=x4 or y=x5 to graph each function. For each
function, state whether the function is even, odd or neither; determine the domain
and the range of the function; determine intervals over which the function is
increasing or decreasing; and state any local maxima or local minima.

Homework

Pg 194
20 - 24 all
33 37 all

Find a polynomial of degree 3 whose zeros are -4, -2, and 3.


Use a graphing utility to verify your result.

f x a x 4 x 2 x 3 a x 3 3 x 2 10 x 24
f x x 4 x 2 x 3

f x 2 x 4 x 2 x 3

f x x 4 x 2 x 3

For the polynomial, list all zeros and their multiplicities.

f x 2 x 2 x 1

x 3

2 is a zero of multiplicity 2 because the exponent on the factor x 2 is 1.


1 is a zero of multiplicity 3 because the exponent on the factor x + 1 is 3.
3 is a zero of multiplicity 4 because the exponent on the factor x 3 is 4.

f x x x 3

(a) x-intercepts: 0 x x 3

x 0 or x 3 0
2

x 0 or x 3
y -intercept: f 0 0 0 3 0
2

y0

f x x x 3

0, 0 , 3, 0

, 0

0,3

3,

f 1 16

f 1 4

f 4 4

Below x-axis

Above x-axis

Above x-axis

1, 16

1, 4

4, 4

f x x x 3

, 0

0,3

3,

f 1 16

f 1 4

f 4 4

Below x-axis

Above x-axis

Above x-axis

1, 16

1, 4

4, 4

y = 4(x - 2)

y = 4(x - 2)

f 0 6 so the y intercept is 6.
The degree is 4 so the graph can turn at most 3 times.
For large values of x, end behavior is like x 4 (both ends approach )

Homework
Pg 194
49 - 53

Warm Up

1
has multiplicity 1
2
so the graph crosses there.
The zero

The zero 3 has multiplicity 2


so the graph touches there.

The polynomial is degree 3 so the


graph can turn at most 2 times.

The domain and the range of f are


the set of all real numbers.

Decreasing:
Increasing:

2.28, 0.63
, 2.28 and 0.63,

A cubic relation may exist


between the two variables.

Cubic function of best fit:

Cubic function of best fit:

Homework
Finish your vocabulary