Switched Mode Power

Supply

Contents:•




General description of Power Supply
Advantages/Disadvantages of SMPS
Block diagram of SMPS
Basic topologies and practical
requirements
Working of various SMPS topologies:
1. Flyback Converter
2. Push-pull Converter
3. Half bridge Converter
4. Full bridge Converter
• Applications of SMPS
• Conclusion

Power Supply:Any device that supplies electric
power to an electric load.
The different types of power
supplies include:
- Battery
- DC power supply
- AC power supply
- Linear regulated power supply
- Switched mode power supply
- Programmable power supply
- Uninterruptible power supply

Switched Mode Power Supply:  An electrical power supply that incorporates a switching regulator to convert electrical power efficiently.  It transfers power from a source. . while converting voltage and current characteristics. to a load.  Voltage regulation is achieved by varying the ratio of on-to-off time.

6. 4. Complexity of the circuit . 5.Advantages of SMPS over Linear Power Supplies: • • • • • • 1. Lower weight Smaller size Higher efficiency Lower power dissipation Wide ac input voltage range Reduced costs Disadvantages of SMPS: 1. 2. 3.

A SMPS with dc input does not require this stage. Input rectifier stage: It is used to convert an ac input to dc. The rectifier produces unregulated dc which is then passed through the filter circuit. .Block diagram of a SMPS 1.

• 2. to AC by running it through a power oscillator. This converts the voltage up or down to the required output level on it’s secondary winding. whose output transformer is very small with few windings at a frequency of tens or hundreds of kilohertz. 3. 5. Output transformer: . Inverter stage: – The inverter stage converts DC.If the output required is to be isolated from input. the ac output from the transformer is rectified.If the dc output is required. the inverted AC is used to draw the primary windings of a high frequency transformer. 4. Output rectifier: . whether directly from the input or from the rectifier stage described above. Regulation: .

Does the prospective topology place a reasonable current stress across the voltage semiconductors? 5. Are multiple outputs required? 3.Factors to be considered while selecting a topology for a particular application:• • • • • • 1. Does the prospective topology place a reasonable voltage stress across the voltage semiconductors? 4. How much of the input voltage is placed across the primary transformer winding or inductor? Typical maximum output power available from each Converter Topology Maximum output topology: power Flyback 200W Forward 300W Push-pull 500W Half bridge 1000W Full bridge >1000W . Is input-to-output dielectric isolation required for the application? 2.

V1 Continuou s current at output Boost 0-150 1. Type Power( W) Relati ve Cost Energy Storage Voltage Relation Features Buck 0-1000 1.0 Single inductor Out ≤ 0 V2= -V1[(D)/(1D)] No continuou s current .[(1)/(1D)] Continuou s current at input Buckboost 0-150 1.0 Single inductor 0 ≤ Out ≤ In V2=D. with the three basic types using a single inductor for energy storage.Use of non-isolated topologies: • Non isolated topologies are the simplest.0 Single inductor Out ≥ In V2=V1.

Use of various transformer isolated topologies: .

Flyback converter: .Working of various SMPS Topologies: 1.

Mode 1 Operation -.Q1 ON • Current builds up in the primary winding • Secondary winding has the opposite polarity D 1 OFF • C maintains the output voltage. supplies load current .

Q1 turned OFF • Polarity of the windings reverses • Diode D1 conducts. charging C and providing current to the load RL • Secondary current falls to 0 before the next cycle begins .Mode 2 Operation -.

Waveform Summary: .

Push-Pull Converter: .2.

Operation of the Push-Pull Converter: • • Q1 ON. Vs across the upper primary winding . Vs across the lower primary winding Q2 ON.

3.Half-Bridge Converter: .

Mode 1 Operation • Q1 ON. D1 is conducting • Energy transferred to the load .

Mode 2 Operation • Both transistors are OFF • D1 continues to conduct due to current in L1 .

Mode 3 Operation: • Q2 ON. D2 conducting • Energy transferred to the load .

Mode 4 Operation • Both transistors OFF • D2 continues to conduct due to current in L1 .

Waveform Summary – k<0.5 .

Full-Bridge Converter: .

energy transferred to the load .Q3 OFF • D1 conducting.Q4 ON.Mode 1 Operation • Q1. Q2.

Mode 2 Operation • All transistors are OFF • D1 continues to conduct due to current in L1 .

Q3 are ON.Mode 3 Operation • Q2.Q4 OFF • D2 conducting. Q1. energy transferred to the load .

Mode 4 Operation • All transistors are OFF • D2 continues to conduct due to current in L1 .

Waveform Summary – k<0.5 .

Mobile Phone chargers .Applications of SMPS:• • • • • • 1. Support supplies with PLC’s 4. Machine tool industries 2. Personal Computers 5. Security Systems (Closed circuit cameras) 3.

570 Cooler master 550W Rs. 4700 Seasonic 500W Rs. 3800 Corsair 750W Rs. 6600 UMAX 450W Rs.SMPS in Indian markets: iball 600W Rs. 10700 . 3600 Antec 750W Rs.

• Each has it’s own particular operating characteristics and advantages. References: www.com Philips semiconductors manual Lambda semiconductors manual Motorola semiconductors manual Microchip manual . which makes it suitable to particular applications.wikipedia. • Some of the most common applications of SMPS have been discussed. push-pull.howstuffworks.Conclusion: • The most common SMPS topologies: flyback.org www. half bridge and full bridge converters have been outlined.

Thank you!! Questions? .