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POLYHOUSE AUTOMATION

Presented By
Chaitanya S. Gajbhiye
Girish L. Jambkar
Shailesh V. Kharche

INTRODUCTION

What is POLYHOUSE ???


3 P s
Protective
Productive
Profitable

Objective of the Project

INTRODUCTION
(continued.)
Need for Automation

Automatic Control
Reduces Human Error
Minimizes labor cost
Manages unwanted environmental conditions
Increases productivity

SYSTEM
DESIGN
Polyhouse Monitoring System

SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION
Selection Panel :
Consists of LED indicators and Toggle switches

Programmable Logic Controller :


Allen Bradley Micrologix M1500
It has 1769 IF4XOF2 analog I/O module.
Acts as CPU

Sensors
Soil Moisture sensor :- Soil moisture circuit
Temperature Sensor:- Thermistor
Light Intensity:- LDR
Crop used : Gerbera

DESIGN OF SENSORS
1) Temperature sensor: Required range: 25C to 50C
Thermistor is used in
Wheatstone bridge for signal
conditioning.

2) Light Intensity Sensor: LDR is used


Wheatstone bridge
Instrumentation amplifier
circuit for amplification

3) Soil Moisture Sensor: Moisture content of soil is determined


Two conductive plates are used
Relative humidity of 60 80 % required

PROCESS CONTROL
Programmable Logic Controller

FLOW CHART

PROGRAMMING OF PLC
1) Ladder Diagram:
electrical sequences of operations.
represent the interconnection of field
devices
On
Off
acc. to predetermined sequence of events
Purpose - represent hardwired logic
circuits

2) Steps Description:
Mov Analog input to N7.
Compare this value with the set point
integer value stored in register
two actions according to the comparison.
If it is < set point,
If it is > set point,
then one output
then other output
will be done.
will be done.

The above 3 steps will occur simultaneously for


three input sensors.
Crop selection is done using the toggle switch.
The toggle switch which is currently selected will
complete the specific rung

TESTING AND RESULT ANALYSIS

c. Testing of curtains motor


1. tested by giving 24V DC supply to it
2. verifying the rope attached to it does not apply
too much pressure to stop it from rotating.

d. Testing of process wiring and troubleshooting it


1. troubleshooting was testing through process
wiring.

Wire Wrong points Instruments


either on the not junction box connected
to plc

RESULTS
Maintain the environment of polyhouse using
PLC and sensors.
After taking lots of efforts we are successful to
make automated Polyhouse.
Automation
Workers

CONCLUSION
Effects of climate are minimized for agricultural
production.
The automation and high efficiency on Polyhouse
environment monitoring and control are crucial.
Crop production will increase.
Crop production will become independent of
weather.

REFERENCES
Programmable Logic Controllers by John R. Hackworth
and Fredrick D. Hackworth.
Process Control Instrumentation Technology, Johnson
C. D., 7th edition, Pearson Education, New Delhi, 2003.
Ramakant A. Gayakwad, Op-Amps and Linear
Integrated Circuits, Publisher PHI prentice hall India,
Fourth Edition, 543, Page no.438,439.
Sensors and Transducer, Patranabis, 2nd Edition,
Prentice Hall India Pvt. Ltd., 2004.
http://www.aces.edu/pubs/docs/A/ANR-1144/index2.tmpl
http://www.haifagroup.com/files/Guides/tomato/Tomato.pdf
http://www.nr.gov.nl.ca/nr/agrifoods/crops/veg_pdfs/spin
ach.pdf

Thank you .!

Any Questions?