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Matthews Cornejo

Objective:

Discover the relation between the spinning time of a

spinning top and the magnetic force intensity.

Magnetism

charged particles because of their motion. It is the basic force

responsible for such effects as the action of electric motors and the

attraction of magnets for iron. Electric forces exist among stationary

electric charges; both electric and magnetic forces exist among moving

electric charges. The magnetic force between two moving charges may

be described as the effect exerted upon either charge by a magnetic

field created by the other.

Tesla or Gauss

Units of measure of magnetism

induction of a magnetic field which exerts a force of 1 N (newton) on a load

of 1 C (Coulomb) moving at speed of 1 m/s within the field and

perpendicular to the magnetic field lines. What is: 1 T = 1 Nsm1 C1

equivalent unit in the Cegesimal system of units (CGS) is the gauss: 1 T =

10,000 G a gauss (G) is a unit of magnetic field of the Cegesimal system of

units (CGS), named in honor of the mathematician and German physicist

Carl Friedrich Gauss. One gauss is defined as one maxwell per square

centimeter. 1 gauss = 1 maxwell / cm2

Investigating Question

Is there a relation between the spinning time of a spinning top

and the magnetic force intensity?

Hypotesis

There is a relation between the spinning time of a

spinning top and the magnetic force intensity, because

than more intensity and force has the magnetic field,

the spinning time will increase.

Variables

Constant Variable: Spinning tops mass quantity and the inicial velocity

of the spinning top

16=10(-4) Tesla

Materials

For performing our experiment we used:

4 _ gauss magnets

1 small _ gauss magnet for the spinning top to repel the magnets

CD case

Chronometer

Procedure

1.

First, we chose a toy that could spin and that could be easily transformed into a

spinning top.

2.

Second, we modified the toy and we inserted a small magnet in the spinning

top.

3.

Then, we started calibrating the spinning top, so as to balance it. This process

took most of the time, due to the fact that we were planning that the spinning

top might levitate.

4.

Once the spinning top was completely calibrated and balanced, we begun

experimenting by carrying out a set of tests that involved using 4 magnets (with

similar gauss measures) trying 4 times with each amount of gauss, so as to

discover the spinning time of the spinning top (in seconds) using the measures

of the intensity of the magnetic field.

5.

Later we collected data and translate it to a general table, where we got the

average results as an outcome, and we can also make a graph using the

collected data.

tests and gather the results (this time we tried 5

times with each amount of gausess), we also

translate them to a table where we got again the

average results as an outcome. Nevertheless we

can also make a graph using the data.

7. Finally we compare our average results in

another table, and we conclude the

experimentation by stating our last ideas and

conclusions.

Data Processing

Collection of data gross

Table N 1: Collection of raw data by field strength

magnetic and time of rotation of the spinning top

Intensity of

magnetic field (s)

1x

2x

3x

4x

top / s

1 Rep

19.75s

26.60s

30.42s

39.06s

2 Rep

18.50s

30.18s

34.15s

48.12s

3 Rep

18.60s

29.58s

32.48s

40.38s

4 Rep

19.50s

29.56s

44.97s

32.44s

Averag

e

19.08s

28.98s

35.5s

40.0s

NOTA: En esta parte se debe comentar y registrar los datos cualitativos de la experiencia, como por ejemlo las caratersticas

fsicas (color, estado, etc) de las sustancias/materiales antes, durante y despus del proyecto.

Data Processing

Tabla N 2: Relacin entre la intensidad del campo magntico y

el tiempo de giro de la peonza

Spinning time of

19.08s

2x

28.98s

3x

35.5s

4x

40.0s

Procesamiento de Datos

Grfica N 1: Relacin entre la intensidad del campo magntico y el

tiempo de giro de la peonza

45

40

40

35.5

35

28.98

30

25

20

19.8

15

10

5

0

1

Table N 3: Collection of raw data by field strength

magnetic and time of rotation of the spinning top

(s)

4 Rep

Average

1 Rep

2 Rep

3 Rep

5 Rep

1.00

12.00

13.30

12.10

17.96

12.00

13.47

2.00

30.00

32.10

28.00

34.40

33.00

31.50

3.00

35.70

32.19

29.00

34.30

52.10

36.66

4.00

40.00

42.30

38.60

34.20

54.50

41.92

Procesamiento de Datos

Tabla N 4: Relacin entre la intensidad del campo

magntico y el tiempo de giro de la peonza

Intensity of

magnetic field (s)

1. Spinning

2. Spinning

time of

time of

spinning top / s spinning top / s

19.80

13.47

28.98

31.50

35.50

36.66

40.00

41.92

tests that we have performed with the objective of guaranteeing

the accuracy of our results.

Data Proccessing

Grfica N 2: Relacin entre la intensidad del campo magntico y el

tiempo de giro de la peonza

45.00

41.92

40.00

36.66

35.00

40.00

35.50

31.50

30.00

28.98

25.00

Spinning time of spinning top (g)

20.00

19.80

15.00

13.47

10.00

5.00

0.00

0.5

1.5

2.5

3.5

4.5

0

0.50

1.00

1.50

2.00

2.50

3.00

3.50

Nota: En esta seccin debe comentarse el tabla N2 y la grfica N1 en funcin a lo datos obtenidos

fica N 1: Relacin entre la intensidad del campo magntico y el tiempo de giro de la peonza

0

0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 3.50

Intensidad de campo magntico / T

y la grfica N1 en funcin a lo datos obtenidos

Conclusions

After having concluded our experiment, we can conclude

that:

Our hypothesis was correct because there is a relation

between the spinning time of a spinning top and the

magnetic force intensity, because than more intensity

and force has the magnetic field, the spinning time

will increase.

Limitations

At the beguining of this fair, our group was planning to make the

spinning top levitate, by using the magnetic force. This represented the

biggest limitation that we had, due to the fact that

Sources

https://global.britannica.com/science/magnetic-force

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gyroscope

http://www.instructables.com/id/How-to-Build-a-MagneticLevitating-Top/

http://francis.naukas.com/2012/12/26/como-funciona-la-p

eonza-que-levita-en-el-aire-incluye-formulas-matematica

s/

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