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EFFECT OF EXTERNAL

MAGNETIC FIELD ON WELDING

Group members:
A. Chandra kiran

Project

guide:
Ch. Mani kanta
K.Ravindra
A. Lakshmi prasanna
Mechanical Engg
B. Avinash

DR.
Dept of

INTRODUCTION
TYPES OF JOINTS:

non-permanent joints
(e.g. bolted joint)
permanent joints
(e.g. Riveted joint, welded joint)

WELDING PROCESS:
A coalescence of metals where in coalescence is obtained by
heating to suitable temperature, with or without the application of
pressure and with or without the use of filler material.
The filler metal has a melting point approximately the same as the
base metal.
Advantages:
Welding results in a good saving of material and reduced labour
content of production.
Low manufacturing costs.
It gives designer great flexibility in planning and designing.
It is also useful as a method for repairing broken, worn or defective
metal parts.
Classification:
Fusion welding
Non Fusion and pressure welding

Fusion welding:
gas welding(oxy acetylene, air acetylene)
Gas metal arc welding(GMAW)
Gas tungsten arc welding(GTAW)
Submerged arc welding(SAW)
Electro slag welding(ESW)
Plasma arc welding(PAW)
Non-fusion and pressure welding:
Resistance welding(spot, seam, projection)
Soldering
Brazing
Cold pressure welding
Cryogenic welding

The objective is to study

effect of external
magnetic field on the
weld quality and
geometry when the field
is applied from various
orientations upon weld
bead.
The welding process

which has been


considered under study is
metal inert gas welding
on Mild steel plate.

A magnetic field externally

applied to the welding arc,


exerts electromagnetic
force on the electrons and
ions, deflects the arc .
The welding arc can be

deflected forward,
backward, or sideways
with respect to electrode
and welding direction
depending upon the
direction of an external
magnetic field and can be
found from Flemings right
hand rule .

A transverse magnetic

field deflects the arc in


the welding direction,
whereas a longitudinal
magnetic field deflects
the arc perpendicular to
the bead.
The magnetic field is

applied to the welding arc


in parallel to the welding
direction and the arc is
deflected sideways with
respect to the welding
direction

Magnetic arc oscillation leads to a change of

arc length, which in turn periodically changes


the welding current and voltage.
On what conditions experiment is to be

carried out?
Without any magnetic field interference.
Magnetic field along longitudinal direction.
Magnetic field along transverse direction.

What equipment we are using?


Dimensions for specimens are
Gas used CO2 (Carbon dioxide)
Metal inert gas welding set.

6 x 2 x .

What observations are to be made?


Comparison of mechanical properties on the test pieces
with and without application of magnetic field.
Benefits of arc steering.
Magnetic arc blow
Spatter.

Testing of Mechanical
properties:
1)Tensile test:
This test is used to
measure the tensile
strength of a welded joint.
The tensile strength, which
is defined as stress in kgf
per square meter.
Test is conducted on
universal testing machine
(UTM).
The welded plate is then
mounted in UTM that will
exert pull on the piece to
break the specimen

2)Hardness test:
TheRockwell scaleis
ahardnessscale based
onindentation hardness of a
material

The Rockwell test determines


the hardness by measuring the
depth of penetration of an indenter
under a large load compared to the
penetration made by a preload.
3)Impact test:
Charpy impact test machine is used
to measure the toughness and its
ability to withstand the Impact force
of weld bead.
The Charpy piece is supported
horizontally between two anvils and
the pendulum strikes opposite the
notch.