1 views

Uploaded by الغزيزال الحسن EL GHZIZAL Hassane

- Determination of Emf by Compensation Method
- Chapter 7 - Electricity(Teacher's Guide)
- Practical 6 Star Delta Starter
- Electricity Magnetism
- Electricity
- Ch1 Introduction 2009
- Module 7 Electric Circuits
- Electric Circuits
- ce
- 05AP_Physics_C_-_Electric_Circuits.ppt
- Physics II Problems (41).pdf
- OHM'S LAW
- Section 2 Electricity.unlocked
- Class X Science Questions
- Modeling and Simulation of Dynamic Systems 7
- Current electricty by baba gang
- currentelectricityohmslaw-100212170026-phpapp02
- lec 16.pdf
- PHY-TEST-EM02(1-2)
- 7.2_ohms_law_09

You are on page 1of 47

2.

3.

Electric current

Electromotive force

& Potential Difference

Resistance

Part I

Chapter 14

able to:

that it is measured in amperes

related problems

Chapter 14

Pg 241

ConventionActual

al

Current flow

Actual

electrons flowing from

-ve to +ve terminal.

Conventional

Charges flowing from

+ve to ve terminal.

Chapter 14

Pg 241

The amount of charge passing thru a given pt in 1 sec.

Formula:

I=

t

Quantity

Current (I)

Charge (Q)

Time (t)

or

Q=It

SI Unit

Ampere (A)

Coulomb (C)

second (s)

_______

I

Chapter 14

Example 1:

A current of 10 A flows through an electric heater for 10

minutes. What is the total charge circulated through the

heater?

[Solution]

t = 10 min x 60 = 600 s

I = 10 A

Q =It

= 10 A x 600 s

= 6000 C

The total charge is 6000 C

_______

I

Chapter 14

Example 2:

In an electrical circuit, a charge of 60C flows past a point in

10s. What is the current in the circuit?

[Solution]

t = 10 s

Q = 60 C

Q =It

Q

I =

t

= 60 / 10

=6A

_______

I

The current is 6 A

Chapter 14

Example 3:

A lightning flash carries 25 C of charge and lasts for 0.01 s.

What is the current?

[Solution]

Q = 25 C

Q

25 C

25 / 0.01

I

Current is 2500A

t = 0.01 s

=It

= I x 0.01s

=I

= 2500A

Chapter 14

Example 4:

A current of 2 A is flowing through a conductor. How long

does it take for 10 C of charge to pass any point?

[Solution]

I=2A

Q

10C

10 / 2

t

=

=

=

=

Q = 10 C

It

2A x t

t

5s

Time taken is 5 s

Chapter 14

Pg 241

to flow.

Ammeter

+

measures the current

in a circuit

+

A

A connects in series

measures in A or mA

A

resistance

Chapter 14

Pg 243

More

common

symbols

can be

found on

pg 243

Chapter 14

Pg 243

Voltmeter

Battery

Fixed

resistor

Switch

Ammeter

Variable resistor

Bulb

Chapter 14

Pg 245

1.

2.

3.

Electric current

Electromotive force &

Potential Difference

Resistance

Part II

Chapter 14

Pg 245

able to:

the work done by a source in driving a

unit charge around a complete circuit

across a circuit component is measured

in volts

Chapter 14

Pg 245

Definition:

Electromotive force is defined as the total work

done by a source in driving a unit charge

around a complete circuit

1 Unit charge = 1 coulomb of charge

Chapter 14

Pg 245

Electrical cells (i.e. batteries)

Thermocouples

Generators

etc

Hi Im Mr Coulomb (1 C)

2 J of energy is

supplied by the

cell in moving

1 C of charge round

2 J of work is done

when 1 C of

charge moves

round the circuit

2J of

energy

2J of

energy

2V

Note:

2J of electrical

energy

2J of light and

heat energy

Mr Coulomb

goes back to

the source for

energy

Chapter 14

Pg 245

Cell

-Source of energy

-Produces e.m.f

that pushes the

charges round

the circuit.

Work

done/energy

is used to

light up

the bulb.

flow of water

water to flow

Work done/

energy is used

to move the mill

Chapter 14

Pg 246

Definition:

The p.d. between two points is the energy

required to move 1 C of charge between them.

Potential Difference (p.d.) OR

SI Unit : V (volts)

Voltage (V)

Formula:

energy

E

p.d. = --------------- , V = ------ or E = VQ

charge

Q

The p.d. between 2 points is the energy

required to move 1 C of charge between

the two points.

e.g.

2V = 2 J/C

_______

V

Chapter 14

Pg 247

Voltmeter

measures the p.d. /

voltage between 2

points

connects in parallel

across 2 points

measures in V or mV

has very high

resistance

2J of

energy

2J of

energy

6 V in a circuit. How much energy is needed to drive 30C of

charge round the circuit?

[Solution]

6V

or

E = VQ

= 6V x 30C

= 180 J

converted by a source in driving unit charge round

a complete circuit. What is this quantity called?

A. Current

B. Electromotive force

C. Potential difference

D. Power

electrical heater, 2400 J of energy is transformed.

(a)Calculate the total charge moving through the heater.

Q = I t = 0.5A x (10 x 60)s

= 300 C

Total charge is 300 C

(b) Calculate the potential difference across the heater.

E = VQ

2400J = V x 300C

V = 2400 / 300

=8V

The p.d. is 8 V

Chapter 14

Pg 247

1.

2.

3.

Electric current

Electromotive force &

Potential Difference

Resistance

Part III

Chapter 14

Pg 247

how difficult it is for an electric

current to pass through a

substance.

Chapter 14

Pg 247

Definition:

The resistance of a conductor is defined as the

ratio of the potential difference across the

conductor to the current flowing in it.

Formula:

R=

V

I

SI Unit : Ohms ()

or

V = IR

where R = resistance

V = p.d / voltage

I = current

20 V

20 V

A

I = 10 A

2

20 V

I=2A

I=4A

A

10

(i.e. voltage is the same),

as resistance, R increases,

decreases

current, I ____________

Chapter 14

Pg 248

Flow of current

Resistance

high in insulators.

ammeter and a 6 V battery, as shown. What is the

reading shown on the ammeter.

V=IR

6=Ix4

6/4=I

I = 1.5 A

V

_______

R

Chapter 14

Pg 249

conductor is CONSTANT under

steady physical conditions

e.g. pure metal

V/V

V/V

Metal A

Metal B

I /A

I /A

e.g. filament lamp bulb

V/V

I /A

Chapter 14

current.

converts electrical energy to heat energy.

(e.g. resistors used in electric fire and filament bulb

convert electrical to heat and light energy)

represented by the symbol

Rheostat

a variable resistor that controls the size of a current in

a circuit represented by

Pg 253

Variable

Resistor/

Rheostat

A

Fixed resistor

Procedure:

Set up the apparatus as shown above.

Adjust the variable resistor to allow the smallest possible current to flow in the circuit

Note the corresponding ammeter reading (I)and the voltmeter reading (V)

Adjust the variable resistor in steps to increase current flow in the circuit and

note the values of I and V for at least five sets of readings.

Plot a graph of V against I. The graph plotted must be a best straight line passing

through the origin.

The gradient of the best straight line obtained gives the resistance of the resistor, R.

Chapter 14

Pg 253

the gradient of the straight line graph.

V/V

I /A

Precaution :

To prevent a rise in the temperature of the resistor, which may change its resistance,

open the circuit between readings

use small amount of current

the resistance R of a given conductor also

depends on:

its length l

its cross-sectional area A

the type of material

Formula:

l

R

A

where

R = resistance

= resistivity

l = length

A = cross-sectional

area

- Determination of Emf by Compensation MethodUploaded byaly
- Chapter 7 - Electricity(Teacher's Guide)Uploaded byLiayana Che Ali
- Practical 6 Star Delta StarterUploaded byMohammad Nurayzat Johari
- Electricity MagnetismUploaded bysdsuleman
- ElectricityUploaded byWeb Books
- Ch1 Introduction 2009Uploaded bysuperpe
- Module 7 Electric CircuitsUploaded byMelvin Cabonegro
- Electric CircuitsUploaded bykhalil
- ceUploaded bysiddhartha2862
- 05AP_Physics_C_-_Electric_Circuits.pptUploaded byIMELDA ESPIRITU
- Physics II Problems (41).pdfUploaded byBOSS BOSS
- OHM'S LAWUploaded byHimani Badsara
- Section 2 Electricity.unlockedUploaded byges
- Class X Science QuestionsUploaded byAditya Kumar
- Modeling and Simulation of Dynamic Systems 7Uploaded byPhanĐứcXuân
- Current electricty by baba gangUploaded byKushagra Raj
- currentelectricityohmslaw-100212170026-phpapp02Uploaded byVicky Singh
- lec 16.pdfUploaded byByron Banzon
- PHY-TEST-EM02(1-2)Uploaded byphysicspalanichamy
- 7.2_ohms_law_09Uploaded byMaZs AmIrul
- Introduction to ElectricityUploaded byCLester MadShadow
- Aprendizagem Em Eletricidade.Uploaded bygaussm1
- LESSON_7[1].4Uploaded byjesunathan44@yahoo.com
- AmgUploaded byFran Garita
- CHEM1 (1)Uploaded byJornalyn Palaganas
- Circuito ParaleloUploaded byDiana Patricia Méndez
- Insulation ResistanceUploaded byArif Febriansyah Juwito
- 67-71 Paper Leakage CurrentUploaded bysaando
- Modul 1-Besaran ListrikUploaded byYusup Suryadi
- 5551 Rigel IEC62353 Booklet 2015 USA WEB-redUploaded byroberto ibarra

- 2011 Hsc Exam ChemistryUploaded byjan12th2004
- Bac BIOF 2019 ExtraUploaded byالغزيزال الحسن EL GHZIZAL Hassane
- Jthatha Ttba Ttor Thol KimiaiiUploaded byالغزيزال الحسن EL GHZIZAL Hassane
- Jthatha Alsora Almhsl Aliha Boasta Mraaa MstoiaUploaded byالغزيزال الحسن EL GHZIZAL Hassane
- Jthatha Ahmia Alqias Fi AlkimiaaUploaded byالغزيزال الحسن EL GHZIZAL Hassane
- exoph14Uploaded byالغزيزال الحسن EL GHZIZAL Hassane
- capactr_inductrUploaded byFasy Awan
- 3 Force PrincipleUploaded byالغزيزال الحسن EL GHZIZAL Hassane
- PS-gr11-TG.pdfUploaded byالغزيزال الحسن EL GHZIZAL Hassane
- eet1222_et242_circuitanalysis2Uploaded bylogu2289
- Physics Brevet AllUploaded byالغزيزال الحسن EL GHZIZAL Hassane
- atomic mass and Avogadro's numberWorked_Examples.pdfUploaded byالغزيزال الحسن EL GHZIZAL Hassane
- Chemsheets A2 041 (Redox Titrations)Uploaded byseema
- The exact cause of magnetic field of Earth is not yet known but some important postulates are.docxUploaded byالغزيزال الحسن EL GHZIZAL Hassane
- exercices in classeroom 1s.docxUploaded byالغزيزال الحسن EL GHZIZAL Hassane
- Magnetic Field of Current.docxUploaded byالغزيزال الحسن EL GHZIZAL Hassane
- electromag_ws1.pdfUploaded byالغزيزال الحسن EL GHZIZAL Hassane
- physics formulasUploaded byVijay Bhan
- cours acide-base en english.pdfUploaded byالغزيزال الحسن EL GHZIZAL Hassane
- exercises weak acids correction_ch17.pdfUploaded byالغزيزال الحسن EL GHZIZAL Hassane
- qte re matiere.pdfUploaded byالغزيزال الحسن EL GHZIZAL Hassane
- Ionic_product_of_water.pdfUploaded byالغزيزال الحسن EL GHZIZAL Hassane
- coplanar forces.pdfUploaded byالغزيزال الحسن EL GHZIZAL Hassane
- experenent 3f.pdfUploaded byالغزيزال الحسن EL GHZIZAL Hassane
- Chapter 5.pdfUploaded byالغزيزال الحسن EL GHZIZAL Hassane
- DC Circuits and Electrical Power.pdfUploaded byالغزيزال الحسن EL GHZIZAL Hassane
- DC_powerUploaded bymontu97
- The pH Concept.docxUploaded byالغزيزال الحسن EL GHZIZAL Hassane
- The electric current and the Voltages.docxUploaded byالغزيزال الحسن EL GHZIZAL Hassane

- POMGT (COMPRE)Uploaded byumair_suk
- CT-L1007_enUploaded byartoki
- hw1-solUploaded byInception Yin
- doc.pdfUploaded byKv Sagar
- SAD.pptUploaded byHoney Japos
- RDBMS PrivilegesUploaded bySumeet Chikkmat
- Acetylene Gas C2H2 Safety Data Sheet SDS P4559Uploaded byGoce Vasilevski
- SENATE HEARING, 110TH CONGRESS - ENERGY AND WATER DEVELOPMENT APPROPRIATIONS FOR FISCAL YEAR 2008Uploaded byScribd Government Docs
- Ccnpv7.1 Switch Lab5-1 Ivl-routing StudentUploaded byCristianFelipeSolarteOrozco
- NIST Docs GuideUploaded bysadownloader
- TDS - Masterseal 380Uploaded byVenkata Rao
- The Daily Tar Heel for Feb. 13, 2017Uploaded byThe Daily Tar Heel
- Handbook of Residual Stress and Deformation of SteelUploaded byRicardo Martins Silva
- DSP_EEE F434 2018-19_CMS.pdfUploaded byParth Soodan
- FRP MasonryUploaded byElena Efthymiadi
- Deh p9650mpUploaded byEvandro Lima
- 42792008-Types-of-Generator-Protection.pptUploaded byRana Ravirajsinh
- Measurement of Residual StressUploaded byrodholfho
- Introduction to Greek ProsodyUploaded byStephen Comee
- DOD 36001 Information OperationsUploaded byNikola Antic
- OpeningsUploaded bylbhnsw5930
- OpenStack DistributionsUploaded byPascual
- Business AnalystUploaded byDarma Rao
- ResistivityTdepUploaded byrakheep123
- Computer Fundamentals & Office ToolsUploaded bymnnappaji
- ThesisUploaded byanon_515933438
- Resume- Rodriguez, AmandaUploaded byAmanda Rodriguez
- Oracle Interview Questions and AnswersUploaded byGnan Raj
- Valvoline Introduction PPTUploaded bySharad Shukla
- Market Analysis Tool-Trade MapUploaded byAnonymous fgnYAXD7