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Urban design

Developed country scenario:
The skywalk system
Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA

planned completion 2017) The Issue :  The Dayton brothers had unveiled their innovative. knew that downtown was in deep trouble He was concerned about the suburban boom and its potential to drain the economic vitality out of the city’s historic central business district. climate-controlled Edina shopping center in what had been a suburban cornfield. USA (1960 to the present. He knew that downtown had to compete with the . real estate developer.The skywalk system. From the day this opened its doors with free parking. Leslie Park. Minneapolis. Minnesota.

He built two skyways connecting the Northstar Center building to the Northwestern Bank Building and the Roanoke Building.The Solution : Sensing pressure from indoor shopping malls. The skyway to the Roanoke Building – opened in 1963 Present : The skyway still remains in use today and is the system's oldest . Park wanted to create a similar environment in Downtown Minneapolis that would offer a climate-controlled space and a way for pedestrians to move from building to building. The skyway to the Northwestern Bank Building was built in 1962 and the skyway to the Roanoke Building followed the next year.

The building featured skyways in all four directions as well as a spacious atrium area called the Crystal Court.  The system grew to 7 total segments by 1972. Minneapolis has the world’s largest skyway system. allowing it to act as a central hub for the entire system. However it has enabled the city centre to compete with suburban sites for development & . though many of the skyways remained disconnected from one another. Pedestrians found the new structure irresistible as they swarmed over it. Today. it has taken much business off the street level. They are primarily middle class and almost 60% of them are women. Twenty three thousand people use it each day.  The construction of the IDS Center in 1974 helped to unify the system. connecting 80 blocks through a climate-controlled maze of walkways extending over eight miles. The skyways have undoubtedly helped the central core remain vibrant but also. comfortable and protected from the August heat and the bustling traffic and it was finally tangible.

India .Urban design Developing country scenario: Aranya Township Indore.

500 residential plots ranging in size from 35m2 for EWS to 475m2 for high income groups The developer was the Indore Development Authority (IDA) and the architect was Balkrishna V. Objectives : To improve and upgrade the existing slum area To provide serviced sites for new housing developments instead of building complete houses. Muslims. The project thus had a social objective as well as providing shelter.Aranya Township. Economically Weaker Section) whose income was less than Rs 350 per month and 35% higher income. Indore. Sikhs. The target population was mixed – 65% low-income people (the EWS. Jains and Christians live there. The project was one in which plots were prepared and services provided by the IDA but the construction of houses was left to the owners of the plots .plot project located on an 86-hectare (212acre) site on the fringe of Indore. The mix of people is more than on economic grounds. To provide for 6. India A sites-and-services scheme (1983–96) Aranya Township is a 7000. Hindus. Doshi. Buddhists.

EVOLUTION OF MASTER PLAN Plan proposed by IDA Later stage of development to with rectified orientation to minimize heat gain and increase Initial stage of proposed plan with distributed open spaces and street hierarchy Proposed master plan N .

The periphery of each sector is ringed with large plots entered directly from a road with the lower-income .Five objectives dictated the design: (1)To ensure a fine living environment (2) To create a sense of community (3) To deal with the hot arid climate (4) To create an efficient. cost-effective living (5) To provide way of life in low-income areas in India The infrastructure was laid out in a hierarchical manner with a central collecting point from where services branch to smaller collecting points to points on each block that serve a number of units. Essentially a gridiron plan. it is arranged in a modified concentric pattern to create a mosaic of incomesegregated sub-areas that build up into an integrated whole. The site plan is innovative.

The core is arranged in a linear fashion and consists of four clusters of mixed commercial and retail uses. The site layout makes it possible to reach the core from the periphery of the site in a 10-minute walk. The large shops face the street and the small the courtyards. . Community facilities are located at the centre of the plan and fingers of open space thread from there to the edges of the site. commercial and industrial activity takes place in the streets and in the houses. A school and athletic field are located on the edge of the core. Much small-scale retail. Work places are integrated into the plan.The sale at a profit of the plots for the higher-income group subsidized services for the lower.

•Small shops operating within congested areas.THE NEIGHBOURHOOD CONCEPT Concept •Slum development project •Inspiration from existing slum settlements in Indore Characteristics • Mixed and multiple land use •Formation of small neighborhoods and houses extending to the outdoors. • Trees planted in public places •Streets accommodating social. economic and .