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Numerical Methods

TKM 1561

Skriptyan N.H. Syuhri

References

Topics
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Introduction
Roots of Equations
Linear Algebraic
Optimization
Curve Fitting
Numerical Integration and
Differentiations
7. ODE
8. PDE

1. Introduction
A simple mathematical model
A mathematical model can be
broadly defined as a formulation
or equation that expresses the
essential features of a physical
system
or
process
in
mathematical terms.

Lets apply this equation

Apply Newtons second law

Analytical
Solution

here does it come from?


oes anybody here remember in Calculus?

ets see the results via matlab

Newtons second law


approximation

Numerical Method
Lets see the results via matlab

Comparison between analytical and nume

Accordingly both accuracy and precision m


be highlighted

How if there is sufficient both inaccuracy and imprecision?


Thats why the term of ERROR is introduced here

Error definitions

How if there is no experiment/true value?

until

where

It can be shown (Scarborough, 1966) that if the following criterion is met, we


can be assured that the result is correct to at least n significant figures.

Example

1st Assignment
1.You might choose to model the upward force on
the parachutist as a second order relationship,

where c = a second-order drag coefficient (kg/m). Determine


(a) Exact/Analytical Solution
(b)Numerical Solution
t
The parameters are given as follows,
massa (m) = 50+the last two numbers of your NIM
gravity acc (g) = 10 kg.m/s2
c = 0,(the last three numbers of your NIM)

Example: NIM 081910101060 m = 50+60 = 110 kg ; c = 0,060 kg/m

1st Assignment
2. Evaluate e-5 using
For Class B
For Class A
and compare with the true value of 0.006737946999085.
Use 10 terms to evaluate each series and compute t and
The
a.
assignment must be sent by email no later than
September 18, 2016. Write it in the MS Excel 2007 and
save with .xlsx format.
Send to skriptyan.syuhri@unej.ac.id.
Fill the subject with Metnum (Class)_First Name_NIM

Analytical Solution in 1st Assignment

Analytical Solution in 1st Assignment

2. Roots of Equation
Motivation

How if

2.1 Bracketing Methods

2.1.1 Graphical Methods

Some explanations

Some explanations

2.1.2 The Bisection Method

Termination Criteria and Error Estimates

2.1.3 The False-Position Method

Termination Criteria and Error Estimates

Pitfalls of the False-Position Method

Another Example

a.
b.
c.
d.

Graphically
The quadratic Formula
Bisection
False-Position

2.2 Open Methods

2.2.1 Simple Fixed-Point Iteration

Convergence

Convergence

2.2.2 The Newton-Raphson Method

Termination Criteria and Error Estimates

Pitfalls of the The Newton-Raphson Method

2.2.3 The Secant Method

Comparison of Convergence of The Secant and Regula


Falsi