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The

Medium
Visual

of
Arts

the

Spolarium by Juan Luna.


The painting was submitted by Luna to theExposicin Nacional de
Bellas Artes
in 1884, where it garnered a gold medal.

Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci (oil)

Miss Sasha Colette (acrylic)

Watercolor Painting

Egg Tempera Painting by Niccolo Semiticolo


(tempera)

The Sistine Chapel Ceiling by Michelangelo (fresco)

ENCAUSTIC
Encaustic process adds colored
pigments to heated beeswax.
The mixture is then applied to
porous surfaces like wood.
This is an ancient technique used to
paint portraits and other images on
coffins.

Encaustic Painting

DRAWING
Drawings are the outlined designs of
paintings.
It is the most fundamental of the skills
in the visual arts and is the route artists
take to acquire technique.
It often sets the final designs in
paintings, the rough draft of a proposed
work.
The mediums used in drawing are pencil,
lead,
ink,
pastel,
chalk,
charcoal,
crayons and silverpoint.

MOSAIC
Mosaic is the art of creating a picture by
assembling pieces of colored glasses,
stones, and other materials.
These small cubic pieces glued to a
surface by glue or plaster to create
images are calledtesserae.
Mosaic art was important in the interiors
of cathedrals which depicted the life of
Christ or the various events in the Bible.

STAINED GLASS
Stained glass art uses assembled pieces
of colored glass to create pictures.
The translucent glass pieces allow light
to produce various color values to affect
a glorious atmosphere.
These pieces are assembled with strips
of lead or iron placed in positions that
will hold the glass pieces.
Subjects were religious personages and
images complementing the teachings of
the Church.

TAPESTRY
Tapestries were the art forms of royalty,
as tapestry artists were usually members
of royal families who wove these from
expensive silk and gold threads.
These were hung on walls of castles,
palaces and cathedrals.
It is produced by weaving two sets of
interlaced threads on a vertica loom : one
set running parallel to the length (called
thewarp)
and
the
other,
width
(calledweft).

PRINTMAKING
This involves creating images from ink that is transferred
to paper from another material, either wooden block or
metal plate that are etched or carved with designs in the
reverse position. This is so when ink is applied over the
surface and this mold is pressed over paper, an image is
printed out.
Prints have been produced in 4 different ways :
1. Relief printing (woodcut).The ink sits on the top surface
of a plate or block that has been carved.
2. Intaglio printing (etching and engraving).The ink sits in
the grooves.
3. Planographic printing (lithography).The matrix is flat, and
the printing part is treated to hold ink, the other parts, to
repel it.
4. Stencil printing (silkscreen).There is a hole cut in the
matrix and the ink is pushed through it.

TARPAULIN
Tarpaulin (or tarp) is a durable
plastic sheet that is water resistant
and waterproof.
It is easy to reproduce. A designer
makes the art work using digital
graphic
design
softwares (like
Photoshop) and bring these files to
shops for printing.

THANK YOU!