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Frequency Response of DAU-I in

Launch Vehicle Telemetry

Done at
Sushma Shivampet ,
Vishnu P Sreekumar ,
Yekula Srinivasa Medhasri ,

Launch Vehicle Telemetry System

The role of Data Acquisition
Unit (DAU) in the Advanced
Telemetry System is to
accept analog low-level
signals from various sensors
and give out digital serial
data to the downstream
Data Processing Unit (DPU).
A Data Acquisition Unit
(DAU) has been conceived to
perform these functions and
post the data to the units
downstream in the
telemetry system.

Data Acquisition Unit:

Sigma-Delta ADC
Sigma-delta ADCs consist of a sigma-delta modulator followed by
a digital filter. The modulator continuously samples the analog
input at a high sampling rate and outputs a 1-bit data stream.
The quantity of ones in the bit stream corresponds to the analog
input voltage. The digital filter then processes the bit stream and
performs decimation to generate the 24-bit conversion.
Sinc3 filters are used as the digital filters. The output data rate,
fADC, which is the rate at which the ADC continuously converts
on a single channel, is equal to

RS-485 Format :
For handling the requirements of 48 channels (3 groups of 16 channels) are
catered by 3 PIC18F6520 microcontrollers.
RS-485 (a telecommunication standard for binary serial communications
between devices) is used for communication between DAU and DPU.
Command from DPU consists of a start bit which is low, 8 message bits
indicating the channel number, a high mode bit indicating command and
stop bit which is high.
With a baud rate of 2MBPS, this command of 11 bits require 5.5s.
Once the command is received, the microcontroller decodes it, verifies if the
channel number requested lies within the range of channels addressed by it.
The microcontroller then fetches the data from the corresponding memory
location and puts it back on the RS- 485 link as two words.
The DPU issues command once in every 32 s and the reply from DAU is
posted in that 32s interval. This is illustrated in figure.

RS-485 Command-Reply Formats

DAU-I Frequency Response Test :

Aim : This test measures the 3dB Cut-off frequency, Notch frequency & Gain,
First Side Lobe Gain and an intermediate frequency.

Apply a sinusoidal signal of amplitude of (V max-Vmin)/2 from the AC source.
Vary the input frequency by 0.0262Fs ,0.262Fs ,0.7850Fs , Fs , 1.150Fs .
(Fs Datarate of channel in Hz) and measure output voltage.
Calculate the required gain and verify with the expected response.

Pass-Fail Criteria :
At cut-off frequency, gain should be within the range of -2.97 and -3.03dB.
Notch frequency gain and First Side Lobe gain should be less than -40 dB.

Expected Response :


Due to the strict time

constraints , the gains are
found out at the following
five frequencies to get the
response :
1. Starting frequency
2. Cut-off frequency
3. Intermediate frequency
4. Notch frequency

5. First Side Lobe

Oversampling and Skipping logic :

Hardware board that can send commands have a
maximum delay of 1 ms.
Minimum datarate of ADC channel is 30.5 Hz

30.5 samples in 1 second.

30.5 samples in 1000 millisecond.
Therefore, 1 sample done in 1000/30.5 millisecond approx. 33
Since hardware board have a maximum delay of 1 ms , we
will get 33 duplicates.
Skipping logic :

Thank You