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Philippine

National
Heroes

Dr. Jose P. Rizal (1861-1896)


Philippines' national hero
Born in Calamba, Laguna, on
June 19, 1861
Published his masterpiece Noli
Me Tangere in Berlin(Germany)
in 1887
his second novel El
Filibusterismo in Ghent(Belgium)
in 1891
Rizal was arrested and later
killed by musketry in
Bagumbayan, Manila, on
December 30, 1896.

Andres Bonifacio (18631897)


founded

the secret society,


Katipunan, on July 7, 1892
president of the Tagalog
republic from August 24, 1896
to May 10, 1897
born in Tondo, Manila, on
November 30, 1863
he married Gregoria de Jesus
in 1892
he was killed on May 10, 1897,
near Mount Buntis,
Maragondon, Cavite.

General Gregorio del Pilar


(1875-1899)
hero

of Tirad Pass
born on November 14,
1875, in Bulacan, Bulacan
died on December 2,
1899, in the battle of Tirad
Pass
one of the youngest and
bravest generals ever
produced by the
Philippines

General Emilio Aguinaldo


(1899-1964)
he

officially proclaimed the


Philippine independence
in Malolos, Bulacan, on
January 23, 1899
born in Kawit, Cavite, on
March 22, 1869
died at the Veterans
Memorial Hospital,
Quezon City, on February
6, 1964.

Apolinario Mabini (18641903)


sublime paralytic and the
brain of the revolution
born in Talaga, Tanauan,
Batangas, on June 22, 1864
he joined La Liga Filipina in
1892 captured by the
American forces in December
1899 and deported to Guam
in January 1901
died in Manila on May 13,
1903.

GOMBURZA
Father Mariano Gomez (1799-1872)
Father Jose Burgos (1837-1872)
Father Jacinto Zamora (1835-1872)
Three

intellectuals who
crusaded for reform
Killed by garrote in
Bagumbayan, Manila
on February 17, 1872, for
allegedly instigating the
Cavite mutiny

Emilio Jacinto (1875-1899)


Brain of the Katipunan
born in Trozo, Manila, on
December 15, 1875
joined the Katipunan in 1894
he wrote the Kartilyang
Katipunan
he founded and edited the
Katipunan newspaper;
Kalayaan
died on April 16, 1899

General Antonio Luna


(1866-1899)
The

greatest general of the


revolution
Editor of La Independencia
Born in Binondo, Manila, on
October 29, 1866
He was one of the
propagandists in Spain who
were working for political
reforms in the Philippines
He is assassinated in
Cabanatuan City, on June 5,
2899.

Melchora Aquino (18121919)


TandangSora
Born

in Banlat, Kalookan
City, on January 6, 1812
Grand Woman of the
revolution
Mother of Balintawak
died on March 12, 1919.

Graciano Lopez-Jaena
(1856-1896)
Founder

and first editor of


the newspaper La
Solidaridad
undertook propaganda
campaigns in Spain
Born in Jaro, Iloilo, on
December 18, 1856
died on January 20, 1896,
in Barcelona, Spain

Mariano Ponce (1863-1918)


Researcher,

historian,
bibliographer, propagandist,
diplomat, physician, folklorist,
and an outstanding reformist
Born in Baliwag, Bulacan, on
March 23, 1863
he joined the propaganda
movement
initiators of La Solidaridad
Died in HongKong on May
23, 1918.

Gregoria de Jesus
(1875-1943)
brave and patriotic women
Born in Kalookan City, on
May 9, 1875
Wife of Andres Bonifacio
Lakambini of the Katipunan
custodian of the Katipunan
documents
organized the Katipunan's
Women Chapter
died on March 15, 1943.

Fernando Ma. Guerrero


(1873-1890)
Musician,

journalist,
politician, and lawyer
greatest lyric poet in
Spanish
Born in Ermita, Manila, on
May 30, 1873
he fought for the Filipino
cause with his pen
Died in Manila June 12,
1929.

Felipe Agoncillo
(1859-1941)
diplomat

of the Philippine
revolution
Born in Taal, Batangas, on
May 26, 1859
Minister Plenipotentiary to
the peace conference in
Washington and Paris
Died on September 29,
1941, at the Manila
Doctor's Hospital.

Juan Luna (1857-1899)


genius

of the brush and a


patriot of the highest order
Creator of the world-famous
painting, SPOLARIUM
It is also known as the
greatest painting of all times
Born in Badoc, Ilocos, Norte,
on October 23, 1857
died in Hongkong on
December 7, 1899

Marcelo H. Del Pilar (18501896)


Political analyst of the
Filipino colony in Spain
Born in Kupang, Bulacan,
Bulacan, on August 30, 1850
founded the nationalistic
newspaper, Diariong
Tagalog
In December 1889, he
became the editor of La
Solidaridad
Died on July 4, 1896

Pedro Paterno (1858-1911)


Statesman,

poet, writer,
and peacemaker
Born in Manila on
February 27, 1858
negotiator/mediator of the
Pact of Biak-na-Bato
helped prepare the
Malolos constitution
Died on April 26, 1911

Leona Florentino (1849-1884)


First

poetess of the
Philippines
Born in Vigan, Ilocos Sur,
on April 19, 1849
Her poems were given
international recognition at
the Exposicion in Madrid
in 1887 and in Paris in
1889
Died on October 4, 1884

Isabelo delos Reyes


(1864-1938)
Last

of the propagandists
Gifted son of Leona
Florentino
Born in Vigan, Ilocos Sur,
on July 7, 1864
founder of the first
Philippine labor union, as
well as the first independent
Filipino Catholic church
Died on October 9, 1938

Artemio Ricarte (1866-1945)


The

unconquerable hero
of the revolution
Born in Batac, Ilocos
Norte, on October 20,
1866
Known as Viborra
Died in the jungles of
Sierra Madre on July 31,
1945.

Jose Palma (1876-1903)


Poet

and soldier
Born in Tondo, Manila, on
June 3, 1876
He was a staff member of La
Independencia
He wrote Filipinas, a patriotic
poem in Spanish, which
became the lyrics of the
Philippine National Anthem
Died in Manila, on February
12, 1903

Leonor Rivera (1867-1893)

Cousin

and fiancee of
Jose Rizal
She was the Maria Clara
in Rizal's Noli Me Tangere

Galicano Apacible

One

of the founders of La
Solidaridad

Jose Ma. Panganiban


(1863-1890)
Avenger of Filipino honor
Born in Mambulao, Camarines
Norte, on February 1, 1863
He was Bicolandia's greatest
contribution to the historic
campaign for reforms, called
the Propaganda Movement
He wrote articles for La
Solidaridad, under the pen
names Jomapa and J.M.P.
Died in Barcelona, Spain, on
August 19, 1890

Diego Silang (1730-1763)


He

led the revolt of the


Ilocanos in opposition to
the tribute and abuses of
the Spanish officials
Born in Aringay, La Union,
on December 16, 1730
He was killed by Miguel
Vicos, a Spanish mestizo
who bore grievances
against Diego Silang

Maria Josefa Gabriela


Silang
After

the death of Diego


Silang on May 28, 1763,
the fight was carried on by
his wife, MARIA JOSEFA
GABRIELA SILANG
She too lost her life for
freedom's sake on
September 30, 1763

Francisco Baltazar (17881862)


popularly

known as

Balagtas
prince of Tagalog poets
Born in Panginay, Bigaa,
Bulacan, on April 2, 1788
Wrote Florante at Laura
Died in Orion, Bataan, on
February 20, 1862

Epifanio delos Santos (18711928)


Lawyer,

journalist,
historian, philosopher,
bibliographer, biographer,
painter, poet, musician,
literary critic, antique
collector, and librarian
Born in Malabon, Rizal, on
April 7, 1871
Died on April 28, 1928, in
Manila

Francisco Dagohoy (mid 18th


century)
He led the longest revolt in
Bohol against the Spaniards
cause of the revolt was the
refusal of a Jesuit priest to
give a Christian burial to
Dagohoy's brother
It was only in 1829 that they
finally succeeded in
bringing to end the revolt
started by Dagohoy

Teresa Magbanua (18711947)


first

woman in Panay to
fight in the Philippine
revolution
Visayan Joan of Arc
Born in Pototan, Iloilo, on
November 4, 1871
Died in August 1947

Trinidad Tecson
(1848-1928)
Mother

of Biak-na-Bato
Born in San Miguel, Bulacan,
on November 18, 1848
she participated in Sanduguan
(blood compact)
fought fearlessly in 12 bloody
battles of the revolution in
Bulacan
The Mother of the Philippine
Red Cross
Died on June 28, 1928

Julian Felipe (1861-1941)


Composer

of the Philippine
National Anthem
Born in Cavite City on
January 28, 1861
dedicated music teacher and
composer
appointed by Aguinaldo as
Director of the National Band
of the Philippine Republic
Died in Manila on October 2,
1941

Marina Dizon (1875-1950)


Daughter of a Katipunan
leader in Cavite, who was
one of the TreceMartirez
Born in Trozo, Manila, on
July 18, 1875
joined the Katipunan in July
1893
She kept important
documents of the Katipunan
Died on October 25, 1950

General Francisco Makabulos


(1871-1922)
Leader of the revolt in Tarlac
Born in La Paz, Tarlac, on
September 17, 1871
first patriot in Tarlac, who
joined the Katipunan
appointed as one of the
brigadier generals of the
Central Luzon area
established the Central
Executive Committee
Died in La Paz, Tarlac, on April
30, 1922

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