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KEKUATAN MATERIAL

Oleh : Drs. Djony Izak Rudyardjo, M.Si


PRODI S-1 TEKNOBIOMEDIK

Introduction to Biomaterials
Who benefits from biomaterials?
Almost everyone! Even you?

What is a biomaterial?
Evolving definitions
No, not really a biomaterial

Definitions of a biomaterial
biomaterial
1. Material used to construct artificial organs,
rehabilitation devices, or prostheses and replace
natural body tissues
The American Heritage Medical Dictionary, 2007

2. A synthetic material used to replace part of a living


system or to function in intimate contact with living
tissue
Park, 1995

3. A systemically and pharmacologically inert substance


designed for implantation within or incorporation with
living substances
The Clemson University Advisory Board for Biomaterials

4. A nonviable material used in a medical device, intended


to interact with biological systems
Williams, 1987

Manufacturing Of Biomaterials

PROSES dalam MA

Ilustrasi tumbukan bolabubuk-bola


selama
Mechanical alloying
Powder mixing
&
Mech. deformation

Green Compact
(HIP or Extrusion)

Heat Treatment

Opt.Manufacturing
Or Finishing

End Products

Rantai produksi material yang melibatkan


Mechanical Alloying hingga menghasilkan
produk akhir

MATERIAL ATTRIBUTES FOR BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS


Property

Desirables

Biocompatibility

Noncarcinogenic, nonpyrogenic,
nontoxic, nonallergenic, blood
compatible, non-inflammatory

Sterilizability

Not destroyed by typical sterilizing


techniques such as autoclaving, dry
heat, radiation, ethylene oxide

Physical characteristics Strength, elasticity, durability


Manufacturability

Machinable, moldable, extrudable

B. Amsden

CHEE 340

Biomaterial Classification
Material

Advantages

Disadvantages

POLYMERS:
Nylon, silicones, PTFE,
UHMWPE

Resilient, easy to
fabricate

Not strong, deform with


time, may degrade

METALS:
Titanium, stainless steels,
CoCr alloys, gold

Strong, tough, ductile

May corrode, high


density

CERAMICS:
Aluminum oxide, carbon,
hydroxyapatite

Highly biocompatible,
inert, high modulus and
compressive strength,
good esthetic properties

Brittle, difficult to make,


poor fatigue resistance

COMPOSITES:
Various combinations

Strong, tailor-made

Difficult to make

Biomaterial Performance
Failure can occur in many forms

Fracture
Loosening
Wear
Infection
Negative tissue reaction

Revisions also possible


Examples
Replace/fix device/implant
Replace battery

Failure of hip replacement

Interdisciplinary Nature of
Biomaterials Science
Who?

Physical scientists
Engineers
Dentists
Biological scientists
Surgeons
Veterinary
practitioners

Where?

Industry
Government
Clinics & hospitals
Academic settings

TIGA SIFAT MEKANIK YANG PENTING:


1.STRENGTH Tensile test Elastic strength
(AUTOGRAPH)
(Yield strength)
Stiffness
(Modulus of elasticity)
Resilience
(Modulus of resilience)
Compressive
Bending
Tensile strength
test
test
Ductility
Toughness Compressive
Bending (Modulus of toughness)
strength
strength Modulus of rupture

TIGA SIFAT MEKANIK YANG PENTING:


2.HARDNESS
Hardness test
( Lihat : Callister, halaman : 197 )
3.TOUGHNESS Impact test Impact strength
( Lihat : Callister, halaman : 271 )
Metode Charpy

Metode Izod

Example 1
Tensile Testing of Aluminum Alloy

Convert the change in length data in the table to engineering


stress and strain and plot a stress-strain curve.