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Submitted By :SHASHI KUMAR
Roll : 1313231153
Branch : EC (Final Year)

Indian Railways is more than150 year old
It is largest railway system in world under one
It is a lifeline of country
It is biggest civilian employer in the world
No strike in last 30 years in spite of 17 lakh workers

targeted by public during any rally, agitation

Indian Railways covers 64000 of
route km along length & width of
the country
It runs 12000 trains every day
it carry 1.5 crore passengers &
17 lakh tonnes of goods every day
It is fuel efficient system

Railways has 7500 engines,38000 coaches
& about 2.5 lakh of wagons
7000 stations & about 500 computerized
passenger reservation centers
1 lakh km of track
15 lakh employee(10 lakh in Group C)
including 10000 officers
6 lakh staff Qrs
Biggest township Kharagpur has 12000 qrs


1947 Post partition 21 railway systems----10
owned by the GOI and balance by princely
states. Total integration of princely state
railways completed by first April 1950
1951 Southern, Central and Western
Railways SR, CR&WR created
1952 Northern, Eastern and North Eastern
Railways, NR,ER&NER created
1955 South Eastern Railways, SER created
1958 North East Frontier Railways, NFR
1966 South Central Railways, SCR created
2002 East Central & North Western
Railways created in October
2003 South Western , West Central, North
Central, South Eastern Central & East
Coast Railway, SWR, WCR, NCR, SECR and
ECoR created in April 2003

Shatabdi trains can run at
maxm speed of 140 kmph
Rajdhani maxm 130 kmph
Superfast trains 110 kmph
Other mail & exp 110kmph but
more stoppage
Goods train maxm 100 kmph

3 tier Management

Top Railway board or Ministry of

Railways headed by Chairman
Railway Board
Middle -16 zones headed by General
Bottom -68 divisions headed by
Division Railway Managers

Railway earns mainly from goods
Daily expenditure is about Rs 100
cr (42% staff, 18% fuels)
Daily earnings Rs140 cr
daily loss on uneconomic branch
line Rs 8 cr

Railway has its own cadre &
consists of 9 Deptt (8 wheel & 1
Technical- 4
Engineering,mechanical, electrical &
Non technical- 5
Traffic, personel,,stores, security&

Production units
Chitranjan loco works at Chitranjan
for electrical engine
Diesel loco works,Varanasi for Diesel
Coach factory at Perambur &
Railwheel factory at Bangalore
Diesel componet works at Patiala

Indian railway catering & tourism co
Indian railway constn comp (IRCON)
Rail india technical services(RITES)
Container corporation
Rail tel corparation
(Rail tel)
Konkan railway corpo Ltd (KRCL)
Mumbai rail vikas corporation (MRVC)
Rail Vikash Nigam Ltd (RVNL)
Rail Land Dev Authority(RLDA)
Dedicated freight corridor co Ltd

Research Design & Standardisation
Organisation (RDSO) in Lucknow in
house research organisation
It is an integrated organisation for
track & rolling stock
responsible for developing and
testing of new technology and
design related to railways

Railway staff college,Vadadara- General training for
all Railway officers
IRICEN,Pune Civil engg
IRIEEN,Nasik-electrical engg
IRIMEE-jamalpur-Mechenical engg
IRISET-Secundrabad-signal & telecommunication
Indian Railways Institute of Transport Management
(IRITM) at Lucknow-Traffic deptt
Cenntral training academy for Railwyays accountsAccount deptt

Training (contd)
Supervisors and staff
Zonal training centre
Divisional training school
Others like drivers,engineering
training schools
177 training institutes for training of
non gazetted staff
25% of officers and 17% of staff are
trained annually

Public concern
Availability of Reservation
PRS irrespective of presence of
Railway - cover more than 90% of
population including each district HQ
etc,(720 no)
tatkal booking, Internet booking
PNR enquiry.
It runs additional service in
festivals,summer & winter holiday
information for passengers on
internet, ivrs

Public Concern

Safety & punctuality -generally good but adverse

publicity is more .Annual deaths in Railways are much
lesser than Road Accidents

Cleanliness of stations ,waiting halls etc

Cleanliness of trains , toilets & linen supplied in trainsserious concern. Lot of attention is being paid but lot is
to be done. depend on civic sense of rail users also

Hygienic food now IRCTC is setup to improve catering at

stations & trains

All information available in timetable & internet at

Railways concern
Not able to fix fare as per cost i) loss in suburban service
ii) loss due to increase in cost of diesel
Not able to close uneconomic branch lineyearly loss 2500 cr
Political interference in investment
Not able to meet public demand for more
seats in few sector &run empty trains in
Need Rs50000 cr to complete on going

Commercial vs Social
Railway has social obligation to run
transport service for all the area of
country irrespective of profit motive. It can
not close uneconomic lines
It can not increase fare due to adverse
political impact even though fuel cost
It has to generate enough resources for
efficient maintenance & replacements of
assets on its own

Any question is most welcome


Tree plantation
Does Tree plantation along the
Railway line , in colony & on surplus
vacant land
Ornamental tree in offices , stations
residence compounds ,level xing
Now energy plantation is thrust area
Jatropha curcus (biodiesel)
Railway plant about 20 lakhs tree
every year

Dedicated freight
Railways will construct two
dedicated freight corridor from
calcutta to Amritsar & Mumbai
to Delhi via Ahmadabad-Jaipur
It will cost about Rs1.0 lakh cr
& will be funded by railways
own resources
2 yr plg +5 year construction

Numbering of trains
4 digit numbering for express & 3 digit for
passenger trains
Tr no starting with 2 superfast
First digit zone 2nd digit divn & last 2 digit
train identity
All Rajdhani except serving WR(29) &
ER(23) are NR trains & starts with number
All shatabdi trains starts with number 20 &
last two digit vary from 01 to 84

Coach numbering

H -AC first
A - AC-2 tier
B -AC-3 tier
C Chair car
S SL class