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Lesson 4.

2
Weight Shifts, Additions
and Removals
WL

G1
G
1
G

Z
Z11
Z
B

CLASS TOPICS
1. Vertical Weight Shifts
2. Vertical Weight Additions/Removals
3. Sine Correction
4. Horizontal Weight Shifts
5. Horiz Weight Additions / Removals
6. Cosine Correction
7. Example Problem

Vertical Weight Shifts


GG1 = KG1 - KGo
M
GG1
KGo

G
1
G
1
G
1
G
1
G
1
G
G
G11
B

KG1

KG1 = (Wo x KGo) (w x kg)


Wf
WHERE;
w = Weight Shifted
kg = Distance Shifted
Wo = Original Displacement
KGo = Original Height of G
Wf = Final Displacement
= + if shift up/- if shift down

KG1 = (Wo x KGo) (w x kg)


Wf
25 T
M
Wo = 2000 T

30 FT

G
1
G
1
G
G
G111
G
G11
12 FT B

KG1 ?

45T
M Wo = 3400 T

8 FT
G
15.5 FT

33 FT

17T

KG1 = (Wo x KGo)(w1xkg1)(w2xkg2)


Wf

WHERE;
w1&2 = Weights Shifted
kg1&2 = Distances Shifted
Wo = Original Displacement
KGo = Original Height of G
Wf = Final Displacement
= + if shift up/- if shift down

CLASS TOPICS
1. Vertical Weight Shifts
2. Vertical Weight Additions/Removals
3. Sine Correction
4. Horizontal Weight Shifts
5. Horizontal Weight Additions/Removals
6. Cosine Correction
7. Example Problem

Vertical Weight Additions

M
G1
G
B

Vertical Weight Additions

GG1

M
1
M
1
M
M11
GG11

M
M
M1
G
GG
1
1
1
G
GG

BB11 B
BB KG1
KGo

KG1 = (Wo x KGo) (w x kg)


Wf
WHERE;
KGo = Original Height of G
Wo = Original Displacement
= + if addition/- if removal
w = Weight Added/Removed
kg = Distance Keel to "g" of wt
Wf = Final Displacement

16 TONS

ADD
42 FT

Wo = 2000 TONS
KGo = 12 FT

CLASS TOPICS
1. Vertical Weight Shifts
2. Vertical Weight Additions/Removals
3. Sine Correction
4. Horizontal Weight Shifts
5. Horizontal Weight Additions/Removals
6. Cosine Correction
7. Example Problem

M
MMM
M
M

G
G
GG
G
G

BB
BBB
KK K
K
KK
CLCC
LC
L
L CL

Z
B1BB1BB
11 1

M
G11
G
G
11
1
G
G
G
G11
G

Z
Z
1
1
Z
1
Z
ZZ11
B1

CL

M
G1
G

Z1
Z

Sin O = OPP
HYP
WHERE;
OPP = GT
HYP = GG1
Sin O = GT
GG1

G1
O
REDUCTION IN
RIGHTING ARM

GT = GG1 x Sin O

RIGHTING ARMS (FT)

KGA = 19 FT
KG1 = 19.8 FT
5
GT = GG1 x Sin O
Sin 0 = 0
GT
=
.8FT
x
0
=
0
FT
Sin 30= 0.5
0
4
GT30= .8FT x .5 = .4 FT
Sin 90= 1.0
GT90= .8FT x 1 = .8 FT
3
2

FINAL CURVE
.4 FT
X

1
0X

-1
0

10

20

30

40

50

.8 FT
X

60

70

ANGLE OF INCLINATION - DEGREES

80

90

CLASS TOPICS
1. Vertical Weight Shifts
2. Vertical Weight Additions/Removals
3. Sine Correction
4. Horizontal Weight Shifts
5. Horizontal Weight Additions/Removals
6. Cosine Correction
7. Example Problem

Horizontal Weight Shifts


M
G
G
G
G
G
G G
2G
222222
GG2
B

GG2 = w x d
Wf
WHERE;
w = Weight Shifted
d = Distance shifted
Wf = Final Displacement

Horizontal Weight Shifts


M

GG2 = w x d
Wf

Wo = 3000 T
G
G
G
G
G
G G
2G
222222
GG2
34 T

B
24 FT

CLASS TOPICS
1. Vertical Weight Shifts
2. Vertical Weight Additions/Removals
3. Sine Correction
4. Horizontal Weight Shifts
5. Horizontal Weight Additions/Removals
6. Cosine Correction
7. Example Problem

Horizontal Weight
Additions and Removals
M

GG2 = w x d
Wf

G
G
G
G G
22222
GG2
B

GG2 = w x d
Wf
WHERE;
w = Weight Added or Removed
d = Distance Added/Removed
from Centerline
Wf = Final Displacement

Horizontal Weight
Additions and Removals
M

GG2 = w x d
Wf
50 T

Wo = 4500 T
G
G
G
G G
22222
B

GG2
28 FT

CLASS TOPICS
1. Vertical Weight Shifts
2. Vertical Weight Additions/Removals
3. Sine Correction
4. Horizontal Weight Shifts
5. Horizontal Weight Additions/Removals
6. Cosine Correction
7. Example Problem

Cosine Correction
MM
M
M
M
M
M
M
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
GG
2G
2222G
2G
2G
G222222Z
2
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B

BBB
1B
1B
1B
1B
111

G2

Z
Z2

G2

Z
Z2

REDUCTION IN RIGHTING ARM

WHERE;
ADJ = GP
HYP = GG2
Cos O = GP
GG2
GP = GG2 x Cos O

Cos O = ADJ
HYP

G2

RIGHTING ARMS (FT)

KGA = 19 FT KG1 = 19.0 FT GG2 = .9 FT


5
GP = GG2 x Cos O
Cos 0 = 1.0
GP0= .9FT x 1 = 0.9 FT
Cos 60= 0.5
4
GP60= .9FT x .5 = .45 FT
Cos 90= 0
GT90= .9FT x 0 = 0 FT
3
2

FINAL CURVE
.45 FT
X

1X.9 FT
0

Angle of List
-1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

ANGLE OF INCLINATION - DEGREES

80

90

RIGHTING ARMS (FT)

ORIGINAL CURVE
CORRECT FOR
KG1

4
3
FINAL CURVE

2
ON
I
T
C
E
R
R
O
C
E
N
I
S
COSINE C
ORRECTIO
N

1
0

-1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

ANGLE OF INCLINATION - DEGREES

80

90

CLASS TOPICS
1. Vertical Weight Shifts
2. Vertical Weight Additions/Removals
3. Sine Correction
4. Horizontal Weight Shifts
5. Horizontal Weight Additions/Removals
6. Cosine Correction
7. Example Problem