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GUIDELINES FOR

EFFECTIVE
HOLE CLEANING

DR. S V
DOSHI
GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING - DR. S. V. DOSHI

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THE ESSENTIALS

TWO PRIMARY ACTIVITIES
ASSOCIATED WITH DRILLING A
WELL
1. PENETRATING SUBTERRANEAN
FORMATIONS WITH THE DRILL
BIT.
2. REMOVING THE DRILLED
MATERIAL FROM THE HOLE
THUS
DRILLED
GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING - DR. S. V. DOSHI

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HOLE CLEANING

THIS LATTER PROCESS WHICH WE CALL
HOLE CLEANING DOES NOT GET THE
ATTENTION IT DESERVES
WE MERELY ASSUME THAT THE ACT OF
CIRCULATING DRILLING MUD UP AND
DOWN THE HOLE CAN TAKE CARE OF
THIS ACTIVITY.
THIS MAY SOMETIMES BE TRUE IN
VERTICAL WELLS BUT IT IS SELDOM THE
CASE
IN
DRILLING
HIGH
ANGLE
DEVIATION WELLS
GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING - DR. S. V. DOSHI

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DOSHI 4 .DR. S.  FAILURE TO CLEAN THESE CUTTINGS OUT OF THE BOREHOLE LEADS TO MANY SERIOUS PROBLEMS WE ENCOUNTER IN THESE WELLS. V.HIGH ANGLE DEVIATED WELLS IN THESE HIGH ANGLE DEVIATED WELLS THE CUTTINGS FOLLOW A COMPLEX AND TORTUROUS PATH TO THE SURFACE IN WHICH SOME OF THE CUTTINGS GRAVITATE TO THE LOW SIDE OF THE HOLE.  GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING .

V.DR. S. DOSHI 5 .WHAT IS THIS PRESENTATION ABOUT? This presentation is intended to serve as a guideline to effective hole cleaning. GOOD HOLE CLEANING DOES NOT JUST HAPPEN – YOU HAVE TO MAKE IT HAPPEN. GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING .

V.DR. DOSHI 6 .HOLE CLEANING EFFICIENCY THE RATIO OF THE RATE AT WHICH THE CUTTINGS ARE REMOVED FROM THE HOLE TO THE RATE AT WHICH THEY ARE GENERATED AT THE BIT IS THE HOLE CLEANING RATIO. S. NORMALLY THE RATE OF CUTTING REMOVAL LAGS THE RATE OF CUTTING GENERATION GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING . BUT IT WOULD BE A COINCIDENCE IF THIS WERE TO ACTUALLY HAPPEN – YOU HAVE TO BE LUCKY TO GET THIS IDEAL SCENARIO. IDEALLY WE WOULD LIKE THIS TO BE = 1.

GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING . S. DOSHI 7 .DR. BUT WHEN THIS ACCUMULATION STARTS HAMPERING OUR NORMAL OPERATIONS WE ARE IN TROUBLE. V. SO LONG AS THIS ACCUMULATION DOES NOT HAMPER NORMAL OPERATIONS YOU CAN TOLERATE IT.HOLE CLEANING EFFICIENCY   THIS LAGGING BEHIND LEADS TO ACCUMULATION OF SOME CUTTINGS IN THE HOLE.

S. DOSHI 8 . V.1   CUTTINGS CAN BE DEGRADED CHEMICALLY AND PHYSICALLY WHILE STILL IN THE ANNULUS. DEGRADATION/DISPERSION OF THE CUTTING IN THE ANNULUS MUD STREAM DECREASES THE SIZE OF THE CUTTINGS LEADING TO AN IMPROVEMENT IN THE HOLE CLEANING EFFICIENCY GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING .DR.CUTTINGS REMOVAL .

CUTTINGS REMOVAL – 2 DISPERSION OF CUTTINGS INTO THE MUD STREAM CAN HAVE SERIOUS UNDESIRABLE EFFECTS ON THE PROPERTIES OF THE MUD. V.DR. GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING . SOBMs DO NOT ALLOW THE CUTTINGS TO DISPERSE IN THE MUD OR DEGRADE IN THE MUD AND HENCE THEIR HOLE CLEANING EFFICIENCIES ARE LESS AS COMPARED TO WATER BASED MUDS WHICH AID DISPERSION OF CUTTINGS. DOSHI 9 . S.

V.SYMPTOMS OF INADEQUATE HOLE CLEANING SMALL VOLUME OF CUTTINGS AT THE SHAKER AS COMPARED TO THE VOLUME OF THE HOLE DRILLED. S. LARGE AMOUNT OF FILL AFTER TRIPS INCREASING DRAG INCREASING TORQUE REGROUND (SMALL AND ROUNDED) CUTTINGS INCREASED ECD AS MEASURED BY THE PWD TOOL GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING .DR. DOSHI 10 .

S.PROBLEMS RELATED TO INADEQUATE HOLE CLEANING LOST CIRCULATION DUE TO PACK OFF OR HIGH ECD STUCK PIPE HIGH TORQUE AND DRAG DIFFICULTIES IN RUNNING AND CEMENTING CASING DIFFICULTY IN GETTING THE LOGGING TOOLS TO THE REQUIRED DEPTH GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING . DOSHI 11 . V.DR.

S. V.DR. DOSHI 12 .FACTORS AFFECTING HOLE CLEANING HOLE SIZE HOLE ANGLE ROP FLOW RATE DRILLING FLUID PROPERTIES PIPE ROTATION CUTTINGS SIZE AND SHAPE MINERALOGY OF THE CUTTINGS GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING .

BEHAVIOR OF THE CUTTINGS IN THE WELL BORE   THE BEHAVIOR OF CUTTINGS IN THE WELL BORE IS LARGELY DEPENDENT ON THE ANGLE OF INCLINATION OF THE WELL BORE WE CAN CLASSIFY WELL BORES INTO THREE TYPES › STRAIGHT OR NEAR STRAIGHT 0 .900 GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING .650 › EXTREMELY HIGH ANGLE HOLES 65 .DR.300 › HIGH ANGLE HOLES 30 . V. S. DOSHI 13 .

V. GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING . S.DR. DOSHI EXHIBIT BEHAVIOR TYPES 14 .BEHAVIOR OF THE CUTTINGS IN THE WELL BORE  DRILL CUTTINGS DISTINCTLY DIFFERENT IN EACH OF THESE HOLE  EACH WELL TYPE REQUIRES DIFFERENT CONSIDERATIONS WITH RESPECT TO EFFICIENT HOLE CLEANING.

STRAIGHT HOLE 0 – 30O THE MOTION OF THE CUTTINGS IS THE STRAIGHT HOLE IS LARGELY DOWNWARD WHEN THERE IS NO CIRCULATION AND UPWARD WITH CIRCULATION 15 .

DR. THE MATTER OF HOLE CLEANING IS A MATTER OF SUFFICIENT CIRCULATION OF THE WELLBORE GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING .THE VECTOR OF THE DOWNWARD MOTION IS CONTROLLED BY THE FORCE OF GRAVITY AND IS INFLUENCED BY: • BUOYANCY • VISCOSITY OF THE DRILLING FLUID • SIZE OF THE PARTICLE THE UPWARD MOTION OF THE PARTICLE IS GOVERNED BY ALL OF THESE AND BY THE VELOCITY OF THE DRILLING FLUID. S. DOSHI 16 . V.

DOSHI 17 . S. V. GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING .DR. THE AVALANCHING OF THE CUTTINGS IN THESE HOLES MAKES THEM THE MOST DIFFICULT TO CLEAN.HI ANGLE WELLS 30 – 650 LIFE BECOMES SLIGHTLY COMPLEX HERE DUE TO THE TENDENCY OF THE CUTTINGS TO SETTLE ON THE LOW SIDE OF THE HOLE EVEN WHEN MOVING UP DUE TO CIRCULATION OF THE MUD.

S.EXTREME HOLE ANGLES 65 – 90O CUTTINGS TEND TO SETTLE ON THE LOW SIDE OF THE HOLE BUT WHEN CIRCULATION IS STOPPED THE CUTTING DO NOT AVALANCHE DOWN THE WELLBORE WHEN CIRCULATION IS STOPPED GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING . V.DR. DOSHI 18 .

HOLE CLEANING CONSIDERATIONS ANNULAR VELOCITY   HIGHER THE BETTER IS A GOOD RULE OF THUMB PROVIDED THE FORMATIONS ARE COMPETENT IN STRAIGHT HOLES MUD VISCOSITY AND ANNULAR VELOCITY ARE THE ONLY CONSIDERATIONS. DOSHI 19 . S.DR. V. GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING .

DR. DOSHI 20 . GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING .ANNULAR VELOCITY .1  FOR HIGH ANGLE AND EXTREME HIGH ANGLE WELLS IT IS NECESSARY TO OPTIMIZE THE ANNULAR VELOCITY WITH THE HIGHEST PRACTICAL FLOW RATE  BUT THIS FACTOR WILL NOT OBTAIN ADEQUATE HOLE CLEANING. S. V.

303 GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING .DR. DOSHI 21 .600 202 . S. V.2 RECOMMENDED MINIMUM FLOW RATES AND ANNULAR VELOCITIES HOLE SIZE INCHES FLOW RATE GPM ANNULAR VELOCITY FT/MIN 17 1/2 900 – 1200 76 – 100 12 1/4 700 – 1000 133 – 190 9 7/8 600 – 850 197 – 279 8 1/2 400 .ANNULAR VELOCITY .

ALL AND AVAILABLE TOOLS AT HAND MUST BE BROUGHT INTO LARGER PLAY TO CLEAN THE HIGH ANGLE WELLS OF THIS SIZE 14 ¾ HOLE CLEANING REMAINS A PROBLEM IN THESE HOLE SIZES TOO.DR.HOLE SIZE HOLE SIZE IS A MAJOR FACTOR IN HOLE CLEANING. S. PROBLEM COMPOUNDED BY USE OF SOBMs. SOBMs ARE FREQUENTYLY USED AND 12 IN THESE SECTIONS COMPOUNDING HOLE CLEANING ¼GUIDELINESPROBLEMS. LUCKILY WE 17 ½ DON’T USE SOBMs IN THESE SECTIONS. 22 TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING . ANNULAR 140 VELOCITY OF FT/MIN OR MORE IS HIGHLY DESIRABLE IN HIGH ANGLE WELLS BUT THESE RATES CAN BE ACHIEVED ONLY IN SMALLER HOLES HOLE SIZE CHARACTERISTICS EXTREMELY DIFFICULT TO CLEAN. V. DOSHI .

S.HOLE ANGLE STRAIGHT HOLES CAN BE CLEANED WITHOUT MUCH EFFORT.DR. HIGH ANGLE WELLS ARE DIFFICULT TO CLEAN BECAUSE OF THE TENDENCY OF CUTTINGS TO SETTLE ON THE LOW SIDE OF THE HOLE AND THE FLUID CIRCULATION PROFILE IN THESE KINDS OF WELLS GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING . DOSHI 23 . V.

S. V. DOSHI 24 .  THE AREA OF THE HIGHEST FLUID VELOCITY TENDS TO BE AT THE HIGH SIDE OF THE HOLE WHILE THE LOW SIDE CONTAINS AN AREA OF LOW FLOW RATE THAT IS EFFECTIVELY A DEAD ZONE GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING .FLOW PROFILE IN HIGH ANGLE WELLS  THE DRILL PIPES AND CUTTINGS LIE ON THE LOW SIDE OF THE HOLE.DR.

DR. S. DOSHI D/P ROTATION IS THE 25 .CROSS SECTION IN A HIGH ANGLE HOLE THIS TYPE OF FLOW PROFILE CREATES HUGE PROBLEMS WHEN THE CUTTINGS SETTLE INTO A SPACE OF LITTLE OR NO FLOW ON THE LOW SIDE OF THE HOLE. THE EFFECT GETS MORE PRONOUNCED AS THE PIPE ECCENTRICITY INCREASES THE CLEANING DEPENDS ON REMOVING THE CUTTING FROM THE LOW SIDE OF THE HOLE INTO THE AREA OF HIGH FLOW. V. GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING .

THEN THEY ARE THROWN INTO THE MAIN STREAM BY THE ROATION OF THE D/P THIS START STOP PRACTICE CONTINUES UNTIL THE CUTTINGS REACH THE STRAIGHT HOLE SECTION AND ARE CIRCULATED OUT GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING . S.DR. DOSHI 26 . V.CUTTINGS TRANSPORT IN A HIGH ANGLE HOLE 1    THE CUTTINGS MOVE UP-HOLE INTO THE HIGH FLOW AREA UNTIL THEY ONCE MORE SETTLE INTO THE DEAD SPACE ON THE LOW SIDE OF THE HOLE.

DR. V. THIS UP AND DOWN JOURNEY IS SLOW AND TAKES LONGER THAN THE BOTTOMS UP TIME EVEN WITH OPTIMUM D/P ROTATION.CUTTINGS TRANSPORT IN A HIGH ANGLE WELL 2    THE CUTTINGS IN THE START-STOP MOTION ARE ABRADED MECHANICALLY BY THE D/P ROTATION AND BECOME SMALLER AND ROUNDED. WITHOUT D/P ROTATION THE CUTTINGS BED MAY REMAIN IN PLACE WITH VERY LITTLE UPWARD MOTION AND MAY EVEN SLIDE DOWNWARDS WHEN CIRCULATION IS STOPPED GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING . S. DOSHI 27 .

CUTTINGS DELIVERY VS PIPE ROTATION GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING .DR. V. DOSHI 28 . S.

DR. S. DOSHI 29 .   EFFECT OF PIPE ROTATION THERE IS A GREAT DIFFERENCE IN THE CUTTINGS REMOVAL FROM 100 AND 120 RPM A SIMILAR CHANGE OCCURS BETWEEN 150 AND 170 RPM OPTIMUM PIPE ROTATION IS THE SINGLE MOST EFFECTIVE WAY TO OBTAIN SIGNIFICANT INCREASES IN HOLE CLEANING GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING . V.

DOSHI 30 . S.DR.RECOMMENDED MINIMUM PIPE ROTATION SPEEDS HOLE SIZE – (INCHES) MINIMUM PIPE ROTATION SPEED RPM 17 1/2 120 12 1/4 120 9 7/8 120 8 1/2 80 GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING . V.

DRILLING FLUID VISCOSITY 1 STRAIGHT HOLES INCREASING VISCOSITY TO CLEAN THE HOLE USUALLY WORKS IN A STRAIGHT HOLE. DOSHI 31 . S.  GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING .  17 ½”AND 20” HOLES ARE GENERALLY DRILLED WITH A LOW MUD WEIGHT SO THEY CAN BE CLEANED BY INCREASING THE VISCOSITY OF THE MUD WHERE Yp > Pv IN ORDER TO OVERCOME THE LOW BUOYANCY AND THE LOW ANNULAR VELOCITY OF THE MUD. V.DR.

HIGHER ANNULAR VELOCITY ALLOWS FOR USE OF LOVER FLUID VISCOSITY WITHOUT COMPROMISING THE CLEANING EFFICIENCY.DRILLING FLUID VISCOSITY 2    IN SMALLER HOLES MUD WT. AND ANNULAR VELOCITY INCREASE AND HOLE CLEANING IMPROVES ACCORDINGLY. IN SMALLER HOLES ECD IS ALSO AN IMPORTANT FACTOR TO BE CONSIDERED IN DETERMINING THE OPTIMUM VISCOSITY OF STRAIGHT HOLES. V. GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING . S. DOSHI 32 .DR.

S.THE EFFECT OF VISCOSITY IN HIGH ANGLE HOLES GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING . DOSHI 33 . V.DR.

THE EFFECT OF VISCOSITY IN HIGH ANGLE HOLES .DR. V. S. DOSHI 34 .1 GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING .

DOSHI 35 .THE EFFECT OF VISCOSITY IN HIGH ANGLE HOLES .2 GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING .DR. S. V.

V. S. DOSHI 36 .DR.3 GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING .THE EFFECT OF VISCOSITY IN HIGH ANGLE HOLES .

S.DR.HI VISCOUS SWEEPS GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING . DOSHI 37 . V.

36 SG) OVER THE BASE MUD AND VISCOSITY IS NOT INCREASED BEYOND WHAT THE ADDITIONAL WEIGHING MATERIAL CONTRIBUTES. V.HI DENSITY SWEEPS .1   HIGH DENSITY SWEEPS ARE VERY EFFECTIVE IN REMOVAL OF CUTTING BEDS AND HAVE BECOME STANDARD PRACTICE IN THE DRILLING OF HI ANGLE HOLES. GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING .DR. DOSHI 38 . THEY ARE TYPICALLY WEIGHTED UP 1 TO 3 PPG (0. S.12 TO 0.

HI DENSITY SWEEPS - 2

GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING - DR. S. V. DOSHI

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HI DENSITY SWEEPS - 3

GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING - DR. S. V. DOSHI

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HIGH DENSITY SWEEPS 4

SOMETIME BACK I HAD TALKED OF VERY
FINELY GROUND BARITE – THE WARP
WHILE WE WERE DISCUSSING BARITE
SAG.
NOW I WILL TALK ABOUT VERY COARSE
GROUND BARITE IN MAKING THESE HIGH
DENSITY SWEEPS.
IT HAS BEEN FOUND THAT COARSE
BARITE IS MORE EFFECTIVE THAN
NORMAL BARITE THAT IS USUALLY USED
IN WEIGHING UP THE MUD.
GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING - DR. S. V. DOSHI

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V. S.DR. DOSHI 42 .HIGH DENSITY SWEEPS 5 GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING .

S. DILUTION BECOMES NECESSARY. GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING .DR. SO THE INCREASE IN THE MUD WEIGHT DUE TO FREQUENT USE OF THESE SWEEPS IS MINIMIZED. V. WITH NORMAL GROUND BARITE EMPLOYED FOR THE HIGH DENSITY SWEEPS.HIGH DENSITY SWEEPS 6    THE OTHER ADVANTAGE OF USING COARSE MATERIAL IS THAT THIS CAN BE PARTIALLY REMOVED BY THE SOLIDS CONTROL EQUIPMENT AT THE SURFACE. DOSHI 43 .

DR. DOSHI 44 .HIGH DENSITY SWEEPS 7 DISADVANTAGES GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING . V. S.

DR. S. DOSHI 45 .HIGH DENSITY SWEEPS 8 GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING . V.

DOSHI EVERY 1-2 STANDS 30 – 40 BBL SWEEP EVERY 1 – 3 STANDS 20 – 30 BBL SWEEP EVERY 3 – 546 . S.DR.FREQUENCY OF HI DENSITY SWEEPS HIGH DENSITY SWEEPS (1-3 BBL OVER THE BASE MUD WEIGHT) 17 ½” HOLE 50 – 60 BBL SWEEP 12 ¼ ” HOLE 8 ½ ” HOLE GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING . V.

DOSHI 47 . V.HIGH DENSITY SWEEPS 9 GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING . S.DR.

1    CUTTING BEDS ARE FREQUENTLY COMPOSED OF VERY FINE PARTICLES DUE TO THE GRINDING EFFECT OF THE BHA AND THE DRILL PIPE. THESE FINE MATERIALS MAY NOT BE VISIBLE ON THE SURFACE UNLESS VERY FINE SHALE SHAKER MESHES (> 175 MESH) ARE EMPLOYED. V. CUTTING BEDS ALSO CONTAIN BARITE WHICH HAS SAGGED TO THE LOW SIDE OF THE HOLE IF THE WEIGHTED MUDS ARE BEING USED.DR.THE CUTTING BED . DOSHI 48 . GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING . S.

DOSHI 49 . V.DR. S.2 GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING .THE CUTTING BED .

DOSHI 50 .EXTENDED CIRCULATION GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING . V. S.DR.

WHEN DRILLING WITH VERY HIGH ROP OR AFTER SLIDING A KELLY LENGTH SYMPTOMS LIKE JERKY TORQUE AND FLUCTUATING PUMP PRESSURE ARE SURE SHOT INDICATORS THAT EXTENDED CIRCULATION IS NEEDED TO FLUSH THE HOLE OF EXCESSIVE CUTTINGS.DR.DURING DRILLING   THE HOLE SHOULD BE CIRCULATED WITH D/P ROTATION FOR AT LEAST 10 – 15 MIN BEFORE MAKING A CONNECTION TO MOVE THE CUTTINGS AWAY FROM THE BHA BEFORE CIRCULATION IS STOPPED. V. DOSHI 51 . S. GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING .

DOSHI 52 . V. S. HOLE TYPE 0 – 30o 30 – 65o 65 – 90o CIRCULATION TIME PRIOR TO TRIPS 1.DR.CIRCULATION TIMES THE HOLE MUST BE CIRCULATED CLEAN PRIOR TO TRIPS AND THIS MAY TAKE AS MUCH AS 4 TIMES THE BOTTOMS UP FOR SOME HIGH ANGLE WELLS.2 TO 1.8 TIMES BOTTOMS UP 2.5 TO 3.0 TO 2.5 TIMES BOTTOMS UP GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING .5 TIMES BOTTOMS UP 2.

S.DR.  THE HOLE WILL NEVER BE PERFECTLY CLEAN BUT WE CAN LIVE WITH THE FACT THAT THE HOLE IS CLEAN ENOUGH TO TRIP WITHOUT EXCESSIVE OVERPULL DUE TO CUTTING BEDS.  GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING . DOSHI 53 .IMPORTANT IT IS IMPORTANT TO REMEMBER THAT THESE ARE MERE GUIDELINES FOR GOOD HOLE CLEANING PRACTICES. V.

DR. DETAILED HOLE GEOMETRY. VISCOSITY. S. DOSHI 54 . V.IMPORTANT THE ACTUAL TIME TO ACHIEVE AN EFFECTIVELY CLEAN HOLE WILL DEPEND ON THE ANNULAR VELOCITY. INHIBITIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MUD AND THE COARSENESS/FINENESS OF THE WEIGHING MATERIAL GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING . SPEED OF PIPE ROTATION. MUD WEIGHT. CUTTING MINERALOGY.

DOSHI 55 . S. V.IMPORTANT GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING .DR.

DR. S. DOSHI 56 .BACK REAMING GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING . V.

S. DOSHI 57 .DR.BACK REAMING GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING . V.

S.OVER-PULL .WHAT TO DO? GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING . V.DR. DOSHI 58 .

OVER-PULL DO? GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING . S. V.WHAT TO 59 .DR. DOSHI .

SUMMATION GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING .DR. S. DOSHI 60 . V.

DOSHI 61 . V. S.Thank You Very Much GUIDELINES TO EFFECTIVE HOLE CLEANING .DR.