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Difference Between

SOC (System on Chip)
and Single Board
Computer

Difference Between SOC
(System on Chip) and Single
Board Computer
Introduction:
 There are various latest technologies, standard products
are being released. Many companies are continually under
pressure to keep up. They are competing in the market
with the least and fastest invention. One common question
we see come up in engineering seminars is whether a
buyer should select a SoC (System on Chip) or an SBC
(Single Board Computer) for their project, and all the tradeoffs of that choice. There are so many advantages and
disadvantages to each that there is no informal answer.

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Difference Between SOC
(System on Chip) and Single
Board Computer

Difference Between System on Chip
and Single Board Computer

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Difference Between SOC
(System on Chip) and Single
Board Computer

What is a System on Chip (SoC)

 A system on chip incorporates with a lot of system
components into a single Si chip.
 A System on chip generally comprises of memory.
 A range of peripherals such as UART, SPI, USB, I2C, PCI,
SATA along with an application processor.
 A SoC (system-on-a-chip) is a small chip with all the
required electronic components and circuits in a given
system.
 like a smartphone or portable computer, on a single IC
(integrated circuit).

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Difference Between SOC
(System on Chip) and Single
Board Computer

What is a System on Chip (SoC)?

System on Chip

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Difference Between SOC
(System on Chip) and Single
Board Computer

What is a System on Chip (SoC)?

 A system on chip in a sound detecting device might include
an ADC, an audio receiver, memory, a microprocessor, and
I/O logic control of a user on a single chip.
 The applications of a SoC technology involve in a small,
complex consumer devices and also some devices which
have more memory and processing power than a normal
desktop computer.
 System on chip (SoC) based nano robots might perform as
programmable antibodies to fend-off earlier undying
diseases.

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Difference Between SOC
(System on Chip) and Single
Board Computer

What is a System on
Chip (SoC)?

 SoC chip based video devices might be fixed in the brains of
blind people, letting them to get and SoC audio devices
might let deaf people to receive.
 SoC is growing along with other technologies like SOI
(silicon-on-insulator).
 It can deliver increased clock speeds while decreasing the
power spent by a microchip.

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Difference Between SOC
(System on Chip) and Single
Board Computer

Advantages of SoC

 The aim of using a system on chip in a design is to be
capable to construct a complete system with a single
chip and minimal external components.
 The main purpose of using a SOC in design includes the
following steps.
 Size: The size of a SOC is small and it includes a lot of
features and functions.

http://www.elprocus.com/

Difference Between SOC
(System on Chip) and Single
Board Computer

Advantages of SoC

 Flexibility: In terms of chip size, power and form factor, it is very
tough to beat the
suppleness that a system on chip agrees a design.
 Cost Efficient: This is accurate; especially for application specific
SoCs like a video
code, since the
other is to implement it in software, that can be an expensive in
terms of effort and time.
 High Volume: System on chips are countless if you have a high
capacity product since it makes it easier to defend the resources
and cost of an engineering.

http://www.elprocus.com/

Difference Between SOC
(System on Chip) and Single
Board Computer

Disadvantages of SoC

 The disadvantages of SoC includes the following
 Time Consuming: The designing process of SoC can take
between 6 to 12 months
 Limitations of Resource: If you are imperfect in resources or if
you don’t have too much skill in the field, a system on chip is
maybe not a good fit
 Lower volume: If you are designing a low volume type of
product, there may be changes that are more appropriate, if you
need a highly dedicated hardware. You may be better off
leveraging hardware from somebody else and using your time &
resources for application software

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Difference Between SOC
(System on Chip) and Single
Board Computer

What is a Single Board
Computer?

 A single board computer or SBC is a whole computer
constructed on a single circuit board, with memory,
microprocessor, I/O and also other features needed for a
functional computer.
 These were finished as development systems for educational
systems or as embedded computer controllers.
 Different kinds of portable or home computers are integrated
onto a single PCB (printed circuit board).

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Difference Between SOC
(System on Chip) and Single
Board Computer

What is a Single Board
Computer?

Single Board Computer

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Difference Between SOC
(System on Chip) and Single
Board Computer

What is a Single Board
Computer?

 Not like a desktop PC, single board computers frequently
do not trust on increase slots for peripheral purposes. 
 Some single board computers are finished to plug into a
backplane for system expansion. 
 Single board computers have been constructed using
an extensive range of microprocessors.

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Difference Between SOC
(System on Chip) and Single
Board Computer

What is a Single Board Computer?
 Simple designs, like built by computer hobbyists, frequently
use static RAM & low-cost 8/16 bit processors.
 Other kinds, like blade servers, comprise all the memory &
performance of a processor of a server computer in a solid
space saving format.

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Difference Between SOC
(System on Chip) and Single
Board Computer

Advantages of SBC

 The advantages of SBC include the following
 Easy to Use: The using of single board computer is
very easy
 Verified Hardware: One simple mistake while
designing a SoC board can be very expensive. These
boards decrease the risk.
 Adaptable: Ability to modify a board means you are
giving for just what you need

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Difference Between SOC
(System on Chip) and Single
Board Computer

Advantages of SBC

 Single Source : BOM of a simple system on chip board
can still be in the 100s. Single board computer makes it
informal for logistics
 Time to Market: Designing of SBC is much faster than
the SoC

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Difference Between SOC
(System on Chip) and Single
Board Computer
Disadvantages of SBC
 The disadvantages of SBC include the following
 Price: If the product is in the high capacity category,
then it may make more logic to do your individual
design and validate the engineering costs
 Flexibility: If you want a lot of customization on a
given system board computer, it will be valuable to
deliberate doing a system on chip design

http://www.elprocus.com/

Difference Between SOC
(System on Chip) and Single
Board Computer

Disadvantages of SBC

 Knowledge: If you plan to use the same SoC for several
products, then spending the time and determination to
develop deep understanding of the invention is worth it

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Difference Between SOC
(System on Chip) and Single
Board Computer

Main Differences between Soc
and SBC

 The main differences between SOC (System on a Chip) and SBC
(Single Board Computer) include the following.
 A system on chip comprises of various functional units on a
single silicon chip. Frequently numerous   processors &
peripherals.
 A single board computer is a complete personal computer on a
single printed circuit board (PCB), RAM, CPU, non-volatile
memory.
 SoC and SBC are entirely different to each other. Generally
system on chip is a significant component of the single board
computer.

http://www.elprocus.com/

Difference Between SOC
(System on Chip) and Single
Board Computer
Main Differences between Soc
and SBC

 The source is a one type Integrated Circuit, which houses
all the electronics system elements a single microchip.
 A system on chip can typically have the microprocessor,
on-chip memory, peripheral interfaces, Input/output logic
control, etc.
 That are usually established inside a computer system.
 SoC widely used across the embedded industry due to
their features like the small form factor, computational
quality & low power consumption.

http://www.elprocus.com/

Difference Between SOC
(System on Chip) and Single
Board Computer
Main Differences between Soc
and SBC

 Single board computers are standard products that can be used
to advance the end-products for a different of industries.
 Single board computers come along with inbuilt hardware and
software, which includes SoCs, power requirements, memory.
 Connectivity interfaces and real world multimedia like USB, CAN,
UART, HDMI, SDIO, Ethernet, MMC, display, Analog Audio, etc.

http://www.elprocus.com/

Difference Between SOC
(System on Chip) and Single
Board Computer
Conclusion
 The main difference between SOC and SBC is that the
SOC has multiple functional units on one piece of silicon.
Often multiple processors and peripherals. Where as SBC
is a complete PC on a single PCB. CPU, RAM, non-volatile
memory(HDD or flash). More and more manufacturers
are using SoCs instead of having individual components.

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