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SSI

3013

Introduction To Modelling
And Simulation
PREPARED BY :
NAZIRAH DALILA BINTI HAMMAD
D20161073964
FARIDAH BINTI ITHNAN
D20161073965
SITI NORHAZIMAH BINTI HAZAM
PREPARED
D20161073978
FOR :
EN. AZMI IBRAHIM

What Is A Model ?
A representation of an object, a system, or an idea
in some for mother than that of the entity itself.

What Is Simulations ?
A simulation of a system is the operation of a
model, which is a representation of that system

Advantages


Instructional simulations have the potential to engage
students in "deep learning" that empowers
understanding as opposed to "surface learning" that
requires only memorization.
Experiments and simulations are the way scientists do
their work, by using instructional simulations it will
gives students concrete formats of what it means to
think like a scientist and do scientific work
In terms of data issues, probability and sampling
theory, simulation helps to understand probability and
sampling theory.
Able to understand and refine their own thought
processes.

Disadvantages
• Easy to misuse simulation by “stretching” it

beyond the limits of credibility
• The simulation model errors can pose a threat
in the development or use of a machine, and
incorrect key strokes can alter results.
• Because a simulation model is based on
experimentation, it is not the actual machine
that it replicates

Steps In Simulation and
Modeling
1. Define an achievable goal
2. Put together a complete mix of
skills on the team
3. Involve the end-user
4. Choose the appropriate simulation
tools
5. Model the appropriate level(s) of
detail
6. Start early to collect the necessary
input data

Application
oDesigning and analyzing

manufacturing systems
oEvaluating hardware and software
requirements for a computer system
oEvaluating a new military weapons
system or tactics
oDetermining ordering policies for an
inventory system

Application
oDesigning communications systems and

message protocols for them
oDesigning and operating transportation
facilities such as freeways, airports, subways,
or ports
oEvaluating designs for service organizations
such as hospitals, post offices, or fast-food
restaurants
oAnalyzing financial or economic systems

Example of
Simulation :
Stella
Stella is a flexible computer modeling package
with an easy, intuitive interface that allows
users to construct dynamic models that
realistically simulate biological systems

THE RESULTS OBTAIN BY USING SIMULATION
(STELLA)

Experiment : To observe the value of the palm during and
after it reap with the population of owl(BH) and rat.

The result obtain when the number of rat was
reduced:

The result obtain when the number of BH(owl) is
increased.

The result obtain when both number of rat and
BH(owl) were increased:

THANK YOUUU 