GUGGULU KALPA

Vaidya Gaurav jayant gupte

GUGGULU
‡ Veda Yakshma, Krimighna and insect repellant ‡ Agni Purana -Guggulu is originated from Gomutra ‡ Samhita : Medoroga, Kushtha, Shopha Vidradhi etc. in various forms. ‡ Rasa Granthas : not included any where in Maharasa, Uparasa, Sadharanarasa etc. groups in Rasa shastra. But it is quoted in Dravaka Gana and Mitra Panchaka gana as a reducing agent for different metals and minerals.

KALPANA
‡ Process or method employed for preparation of pharmaceutical products ‡ Def-Kalpana means samskaran according to Cakrapani. ‡ Arundatta yojana or plan led out for preparation of medicine

GUGGULU KALPANA
‡ The formulation which uses guggulu as main Guggulu kalpana. ‡ 1st kalpana Named by vanaspati dravya ‡ Main types of contents a) adhar dravya shuddha guggulu b) adheya dravya churna, bhasma etc c) drava dravya- ernada tel, goghrita, kashaya, gomutra etc. d) prakshepa drvaya churna etc

PROPORTION OF GUGGULU
‡ Same amount = kanchanar guggulu. ‡ Twice the amount = amavatari guggulu ‡ Thrice the amount = vajra valhyadi guggulu

TYPES OF GUGGULU KALPA
‡ Guggulu pradhan kalpa: guggulu acts as main active ingredient eg : triphala guggulu ( sha sam ) ‡ Guggulu sahayogi kalpa : guggulu acts as coordinating or synergestic ingredient . eg : chnadraparbha vati

TYPE OF PROCESSES
‡ Processes classified according to the methodology of application of heat. ‡ Main 3 types A) SOMAPAKA B) ADITYA PAKA C) AGNIPAKA

SOMAPAKA
‡ Absence of direct heating during preparation, (either by heating or by using heat of sun). ‡ Therefore it is called as somapaka . ‡ Types of somapaka : a) kuttan somapaka b) mardan somapaka.

KUTTANA SOMAPAKA
‡ PROCESS : : Shuddha guggulu and other ingredients are mixed accordingly and sneha is added . : further heavy pounding is done over the mixture till very fine powder is obtained. ‡ Heat : supplied due to continous pounding . ‡ Types : shatapiitit, sahastrapittit, dashasahastra pittit

‡ ADVANTAGES: 1. more the pounding better the efficacy. 2. Ingredients finely powdered and mixed properly. 3. Sukshmata, laghuta, supachya. Eg : yograj guggulu ra.yo.sa, vatari guggulu bha.bhai.ra

MARDANA SOMAPAKA
‡ Use of kashaya instead of sneha. ‡ Principle Mardanam guna vardhanam ‡ Process: - shuddha guggulu mixed with kashayaand other ingredients are added. -mardan for 3,7,14,21 days. ‡ eg : amavatari guggulu

‡ Advantages - gugulu pachan easier due to proper samskar of mardan. -homogenous mixture formed. - liquid state of guggulu enhances the ablility of binding to larger no of patricles. - suskshamata, shalskshanta.

SURYAPAKA
‡ = Adityapaka. ‡ Prepared with the help of heat of sun. ‡ Process: -shuddha guggulu mixed well with the kwath or other liquid. -mixed well properly and spread in a flat large pan for drying in sun - powdered well after drying ctd .

‡ The required liquid solute is added and mixed well for every time. The process is repearted for 7,14 ,21 times . ‡ The process can be repeated even before drying continously ‡ Appropriate time for drying : afternoon ‡ Appropriate season : nov to feb.

‡ precaution: at last satge - roll the prepartion into small pilss to avoid fungal contamination. ‡ Eg : adipaka guggulu (vangasen)

AGNIPAKA
‡ =analapaka ‡ Process : -Shuddha guggulu is heated with kashaya or water till required paka lakshan is achieved. - the required churna or bhasma are added to the guggulu. - pills are rolled quickly.

‡ Precautions : - heat on mild flame - continous stirring to avoid kharpaka at bottom - stop heating immeditely after achieveing paka lashanas - add powders after the heating is stopped - start rolling pills as soon as the powders are mixed homogenously.
Eg : vajra guggulu ( ra.yo.sa)

STORAGE OF GUUGULU KALPA
‡ Store in ghrita filled vessel eg : vajra guggulu ‡ In clean airtight bottle ‡ Applying liitle ghrit over the pills.

ADVERSE EFFECTS
‡ Causes - ashuddha guggulu. - dose variation. - absence of anupan. - negligence of determining factors like vaya, kala, vyadi avsatha etc. - adulterated raw material. - apthya kar ahar vihar by patient.

‡ Some of the adverse effects: - mukhapaka. -urodaha - asamyaka grathit mala pravritti. - twaka kandu

VARIOUS TYPES OF KALPANA
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Use of guugulu in various kalpana Vati vajra guggulu (ra.yo.sa) Churna yograj guggulu Asava guggulasava ( a.hri chi) Ghrita guggulu tikta ghrita (sahastrayoga) Avleha guggulu tikta madhusnuhi rasayana. Dhooma dhatryadi dhooma.(rasaratnakara) Lepa baladi lepa (charaka) Kwath manjisthadi kwath ( sharangdhar samhita)

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