You are on page 1of 37

ABB Group - 1 Nov 15, 2016

Protection Application
Handbook

Protection in Breaker
and Half
Configuration

ABB Group - 2 Nov 15, 2016

Protection in breaker and half system

Protection in breaker and half system

ABB Group - 3 Nov 15, 2016

Some comments on CT locations


according to alternative 1

Fault at F1 will be cleared instantaneously

Fault at F2 will be cleared through LBB

For fault in overlapped zone both circuits get


disconected

In parallel connected CTs there could be


dissimilar performance resulting in out of
balance current

Autoreclosing takes place for faults in parallel


connected CTs

ABB Group - 4 Nov 15, 2016

Protection in breaker and half system

ABB Group - 5 Nov 15, 2016

Protection in breaker and half system

ABB Group - 6 Nov 15, 2016

Protection in breaker and half system

ABB Group - 7 Nov 15, 2016

Protection in breaker and half system

Protection in breaker and half system


Autoreclosure

Protections that start Autoreclosure

Protections that block Autoreclosure

ABB Group - 8 Nov 15, 2016

Main1 Protection
Main 2 Protection

Breaker fail relay


Line reactor protection
Over voltage protection
Direct transfer trip receive
Bus bar protection
Zone 2&3 of distance protection
Carrier fail condition
CB problems
Directional earth fault protection (IDMT)

ABB Group - 9 Nov 15, 2016

Protection in breaker and half system

Protection in breaker and half system

ABB Group - 10 Nov 15, 2016

Priority Unit

Priority unit allows closing of one breaker first


and upon successful reclosing of this breaker
the second breaker is allowed to close

This reduces wear and tear of breaker when


they are to reclose on persistent faults

Protection in breaker and half system

ABB Group - 11 Nov 15, 2016

Auto reclosure circuits

If DC supply to the group in which reclosing


relay is connected fails in the event of asingle
phase fault only the protection in the other
group operates and gives single phase trip
signal to breakers but there will be no
autoreclosing

To avoid this DC fail relay of auto reclose DC


circuit converts single phase trip impulse of
line protection in the other group to three
phase trip

ABB Group - 12 Nov 15, 2016

Protection in breaker and half system

ABB Group - 13 Nov 15, 2016

Protection in breaker and half system

Protection in breaker and half system

ABB Group - 14 Nov 15, 2016

Direct trip to remote end breaker is sent


under the following conditions

Manual trip or automatic trip of main breaker


when the tie breaker is open

Manual trip or automatic trip of tie breaker


when main breaker is open

Breaker fail relay of main breaker operated

Breaker fail relay of tie breaker operated

Three phase unit A or B operated

Bus bar protection operated (If tie CB Open)

ABB Group - 15 Nov 15, 2016

Protection in breaker and half system

Protection in breaker and half system

ABB Group - 16 Nov 15, 2016

Line and Reactor Protection Cubicles

Group A and Group B protections are


connected to separate DC source and are in
separate cubicles

CT and PT connections are from independent


cores

Over voltage protection is duplicated

Direct trip channels are separate for group A


and B

Protection in breaker and half system


Line and Reactor Protection Cubicles

Reactor protections are grouped as under

ABB Group - 17 Nov 15, 2016

Group -A
Reactor dif relay
Back up relay
Oil temp trip
Pressure relief trip

Group -B
Buchholz trip
Restricted E/F relay
Winding temp trip
Oil level high/low trip
Fire Protection trip

ABB Group - 18 Nov 15, 2016

Protection in breaker and half system

Protection in breaker and half system


Transformer Protection Cubicles

These are not duplicated but grouped as under

ABB Group - 19 Nov 15, 2016

Group -A
Biased diff relay
Back-Up relay (HV)
Over fluxing relay
Oil temp trip
Pressure relief trip
Delta wdg protection

Group -B
High imp diff relay
Buchholz trip
Restricted E/F relay
Back-Up relay (LV)
Overload relay
Wdg temp trip
OLTC trip
Oil level high/low
Neutral e/f relay

ABB Group - 20 Nov 15, 2016

Protection in breaker and half system

ABB Group - 21 Nov 15, 2016

Protection in breaker and half system

Protection in breaker and half system

ABB Group - 22 Nov 15, 2016

Breaker Relay Panels

Trip Unit A trips TC-1 and Trip Unit B Trips


TC-2 and these are housed in different
cubicles

Auto reclose relay is in Group A

Breaker fail relay is in Group B

If tripping of both TC1 and TC2 is arranged


from these trip units , both group A and Group
B breaker relays can be housed in one
cubicle

ABB Group - 23 Nov 15, 2016

Protection in breaker and half system

ABB Group - 24 Nov 15, 2016

Protection in breaker and half system

ABB Group - 25 Nov 15, 2016

Protection in breaker and half system

ABB Group - 26 Nov 15, 2016

Protection in breaker and half system

ABB Group - 27 Nov 15, 2016

Protection in breaker and half system

ABB Group - 28 Nov 15, 2016

Protection in breaker and half system

ABB Group - 29 Nov 15, 2016

Protection in breaker and half system

ABB Group - 30 Nov 15, 2016

Protection in breaker and half system

ABB Group - 31 Nov 15, 2016

Protection in breaker and half system

ABB Group - 32 Nov 15, 2016

Protection in breaker and half system

ABB Group - 33 Nov 15, 2016

Protection in breaker and half system

ABB Group - 34 Nov 15, 2016

Protection in breaker and half system

ABB Group - 35 Nov 15, 2016

Protection in breaker and half system

ABB Group - 36 Nov 15, 2016

Protection in breaker and half system

ABB Group - 37 Nov 15, 2016

Protection in breaker and half system