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# Ohms Law and Circuit

AMAGO, JOMARI
MILLONTE, JAZMINNE
LIVARA, ARRIANE E.

REVIEW!!

## Electrical energyis energy that comes from electrical

potential energy. This energy is generated by the movement
of positive and negative particles or electricity. Once
electrical energyleaves its source, it is instantly transformed
into a different kind of energy.

## Electrical energyis the most widely used form of energy.

Two positive charges repel each other, as do two negative
charges. On the other hand, opposite charges attract each
other.

THUNDER BOLT!

WHAT IS
OHMS LAW?

## Ohm's law statesthat the electrical current

(I) flowing in an circuit is proportional to the
voltage (V) and inversely proportional to the
resistance (R). Therefore, if the voltage is
increased, the current will increase provided
the resistance of the circuit doesnot change.

VOLTAGE
Voltage, electric potential difference, electric pressure or

## electric tension (formally denoted V or U, but more often

simply as V or U, for instance in the context of Ohm's or
Kirchhoff's laws) is the difference in electric potential
energy between two points per unit electric charge.

## source that pushes charged electrons (current) through a

conducting loop, enabling them to do work such as
illuminating a light.

VOLTAGE
Voltage,
provided by an
energy source
such as a
battery, is what
causes current to
flow.

CURRENT
The

## quantity of charge per unit time,

measured in Amperes (Amps, A). By historical
convention, the sign ofcurrentis positive for
currents flowing from positive to negative
potential, but experience indicates that
electrons are negatively charged and flow in
the opposite direction.

CURRENT
Essentially, the MORE CHARGES flow through a
point per second, the GREATER CURRENT we
have.

RESISTANCE
The electricalresistanceof an electrical
conductor is a measure of the difficulty to pass
an electric current through that conductor. The
inverse quantity is electrical conductance, and
is the ease with which an electric current
passes.

CHART

CIRCUITS

SERIES
CIRCUIT

## A series circuit offers a

single path for current
flow.

PARALLEL
CIRCUIT

## A parallel circuit offers

more than one path for
current flow.

SERIES CIRCUIT
Aseries circuithasmorethanoneresistor(anything that
uses electricity to do work)andgetsitsnamefromonly
having one path for the chargestomovealong.
Chargesmustmovein"series"firstgoingtooneresistor
thenthenext.Ifoneoftheitemsinthecircuitisbroken
thennochargewillmovethroughthecircuitbecausethere
isonlyonepath.Thereisnoalternativeroute.
Besidethisisananimationofaseriescircuitwhere
electricalenergyisshownasgravitationalpotentialenergy
(GPE).Thegreaterthechangeinheight,themoreenergy
isusedorthemoreworkisdone.

SERIES CIRCUIT
Thefollowingrulesapplytoaseries circuit:
1.Thesumofthepotentialdropsequalsthepotentialriseofthesource.

2.Thecurrentisthesameeverywhereintheseriescircuit.

3.Thetotalresistanceofthecircuit(alsocalledeffective resistance)isequaltothesumoftheindividual
resistances.

PARALLEL CIRCUIT

## 1. A parallel circuit has two

or more paths for current to
flow through.

## 2. Voltage is the same across each

component of the parallel circuit.

PARALLEL CIRCUIT

## 3. The sum of the currents through

each path is equal to the total current
that flows from the source.

## 4. You can find TOTAL

RESISTANCE in a Parallel
circuit with the following
formula: 1/Rt = 1/R1 + 1/R2
+ 1/R3 + ...

PARALLEL CIRCUIT

## 5. If one of the parallel paths is broken, current will continue to flow

in all the other paths.

DANGERS OF JUMPERS
AND MULTIPLE PLUG INS
IN A SINGLE POWER
OUTLET

## Overloaded Outlets Do Cause Fires.

Illegal Electricity Connections endangered lives.
ILLEGAL CONNECTIONS ARE DANGEROUS AND OFTEN RESULT IN SERIOUS INJURY OR EVEN DEATH. IT ALSO CAUSES OVERLOADING OF THE NETWORK,
WHICH RESULTS IN UNPLANNED OUTAGES, WHICH AFFECT THE SMOOTH OPERATING OF THE TRAFFIC LIGHTS, AS WELL AS LIFE SUSTAINING EQUIPMENT AT HOSPITALS.