Steps for Writing

Literature Reviews

By: Group-2

Literature review
 The process of reading, analyzing, evaluating, and

summarizing scholarly materials about a specific topic.
The results of a literature review may be compiled in a
report or they may serve as part of a research article,
thesis, or grant proposal.

Purpose of a Literature Review The literature review is a critical look at the existing research that is significant to the work that you are carrying out.  To provide background information  To establish importance  To demonstrate familiarity  To “carve out a space” for further research .

 Make a claim.  Offer an overview/map of the ensuing discussion. .Introductions  Indicate scope of the literature review.  Provide some background to the topic.  Demonstrate the importance or need for research.

 Keep in mind your purpose for writing:  How will this review benefit readers?  How does this review contribute to your studies? . try to see the “big picture”—your literature review should provide an overview of the state of research.Writing a Literature Review: In Summary  As you read.  Include only those source materials that help you shape your argument. Resist the temptation to include everything you’ve read!  Balance summary and analysis as you write.

Steps for writing a Literature Review  Reading  Decide a topic  Identify the literature that you will review  Analyze the literature  Summarize the literature  Synthesize the literature prior to writing your review  Writing the review  Developing a coherent essay .

Step 1:Reading  Read through the literature so that you become familiar with the common core elements of how to write: in particular (e. . quotations. font. spacing). text citations. abstract. body.g. title page. margins.

. or is in some way related to the topic of your final project.Step 2: Decide a topic  It will help you considerably if your topic for your literature review is the one on which you intend to do your final M. you may pick any scholarly topic.Ed. project. However.

Try to narrow it to a specific area of interest within the broad area that you have chosen (remember: this is merely an introductory literature review for). Redefine your topic if needed: as you search you will quickly find out if the topic that you are reviewing is too broad. You can also enter references manually into RefWorks if you need to.  Import your references into your RefWorks account. including the Furl accounts of other Furl members).Step 3: Identify the literature that you will review:  Familiarize yourself with online databases. search for literature sources using Google Scholar and also searching using Furl (search all sources. . identifying relevant databases in your field of study.  Using relevant databases.

Step 4: Analyze the literature  Overview the articles  Group the articles into categories  Take notes  Select useful quotes that you may want to include in your       review Note emphases. strengths and weaknesses Identify major trends or patterns Identify gaps in the literature Identify relationships among studies Keep your review focused on your topic Evaluate your references .

Four Analysis Tasks of the Literature Review TASKS OF LITERATURE REVIEW SUMMARIZE SYNTHESIZE CRITIQUE COMPARE .

Step 5: Summarize the literature:  Organize. and summarize your findings. interprets and synthesizes the literature.  Your review each must be accompanied by an analysis that summarizes. .

Step 6: Synthesize the literature prior to writing your review:  Consider your purpose and voice before beginning to write  Consider how you reassemble your notes  Create a topic outline that traces your argument .

summarize and/or synthesize the key findings relevant to your study. key concepts or key figures?  What are the existing debates/theories?  What common methodologies are used? . key characteristics.Summary and Synthesis In your own words.  What do we know about the immediate area?  What are the key arguments.

indicate why the topic being reviewed is important Distinguish between research finding and other sources of information Indicate why certain studies are important If you are commenting on the timeliness of a topic.Step 7: Writing the review:  Identify the broad problem area. If a landmark study was replicated. but avoid global      statements Early in the review. mention that and indicate the results of the replication . be specific in describing the time frame.

. cite them separately Cite all relevant references in the review section of thesis." Avoid long lists of nonspecific references If the results of previous studies are inconsistent or widely varying. dissertation. Discuss other literature reviews on your topic  Refer the reader to other reviews on issues that you will     not be discussing in details Justify comments such as. "no studies were found. or journal article.

 Explain “so what?”  Implications for future research.Conclusions  Summarize the main findings of your review. OR  Connections to the current study. .  Provide closure.

.  Un-introduced quotations.Citing Sources: Things to Avoid  Irrelevant quotations.

Some Tips on Revising  Title: Is my title consistent with the content of my paper?  Introduction: Do I appropriately introduce my review?  Thesis: Does my review have a clear claim?  Body: Is the organization clear? Have I provided headings?  Topic sentences: Have I clearly indicated the major idea(s) of each paragraph?  Transitions: Does my writing flow?  Conclusion: Do I provide sufficient closure?  Spelling and Grammar: Are there any major spelling or grammatical mistakes? .

The End. .