Trusses

Hinges Straight Members .Truss & Its Characteristics: A truss is a structure comprising one or more triangular units .[ It is constructed with straight members Nodes Triangular unit Ends are connected at joints referred to as nodes. External forces and reactions to those forces are considered to act only at the nodes Force acting on the members can either be tensile or compressive.  A triangle is the simplest geometric figure that will not change shape when the lengths of the sides are fixed.  Moments are excluded because all the joints in a truss are treated as Hinges or Revolute.

The point on the truss where the top and bottom chords intersect Slope .The horizontal distance between the centerlines of two consecutive panel points along the top or bottom chord.Members installed at right angles to a chord or web member of a truss to provide stability to the truss.The vertical rise in inches for every 12 inches of horizontal run.The point on the truss where the sloped chords meet. All lateral braces must be stabilized. .Truss & Its Component: Heel . Top Chord . Peak .Vertical distance between bearing and the uppermost point of the peak. Overall Height .Horizontal distance between the centerlines of two consecutive panel points along the top or bottom chord. Continuous Lateral Brace . Panel Length .

Also called a joint.Truss & Its Component: Wedge . usually to allow the truss to cantilever. it's the location on a truss where the web members and top or bottom chords intersect and are connected by metal connector plates. Splice . Web . Panel Point .The members that join the top and bottom chords to form the triangular patterns typical of trusses.The triangular piece of lumber inserted between the top and bottom chords.The location at which two chord members are joined together to form a single member. .The incline or horizontal member that establishes the bottom of a truss. It may occur at a panel point or between panel points. usually carrying combined tension and bending stress. Bottom Chord .

Extension of the top chord of a truss beyond the outside of the bearing support. not the same as an overhang. or the bottom chord length.Structural support. Truss Plate – Are plates which are used to connect the members together in the truss manufacturing process. Span . Overhang . Cantilever . whichever is greater.The horizontal distance between the outside edges of the exterior bearing supports. .Truss & Its Component: Bearing . Bottom Chord Length .The part of the truss that extends beyond its support.Usually the same as the span. usually a beam or a wall that is designed by the designer to carry the truss reaction loads to the foundation.

Analysis Of Truss: There are 4 main assumptions made in the analysis of Truss system : Truss members are connected together at their ends Truss are connected together by frictionless pins  Truss structure is loaded only at joints.  Weight of the truss members may be neglected.  .

Different Types Of Trusses: Flat Truss Queen Post Truss Bowstring Truss Lenticular Truss King Post Truss Town Lattice Truss .

 .Parallel Chord Truss:  Also known as Flat truss Has parallel top chord and bottom chord.  The top and bottom chord must be correctly positioned during installation to ensure structural integrity is maintained. Are usually designed to be supported at the ends only Often used for floor construction.

Bowstring Truss: Also known as Crescent Truss  Is a truss consisting of curved top chord meeting bottom chord at each end. Has diagonal loadbearing members.  Often confused with tied arch bridges  .

 Truss consists of two diagonal members that meet at the apex of the truss. ..  Consists of one horizontal beam that ties the bottom end of the diagonals together The king post connects the apex to the horizontal beam below. Is used for simple roof trusses and short-span bridges.King Post Truss: A king post is also known as crown post truss  It is the simplest form of truss .

.  Is a supporting post designed to span longer openings than a king post.  A king post uses one central supporting post. whereas the queen post uses two.Queen Post Truss:  Is similar to a king post truss Is used for simple roof trusses and short-span bridges.

where the arches extend above and below the roadbed.Lenticular Truss: A lenticular truss bridge includes a lens-shape truss. It has trusses between an upper arch & lower arch.  Mainly used in the construction of stadium.  Upper curves up and then down to end points while lower arch curves down and then up to meet at the same end points. .

 Treenails.  Truss consists of parallel top chord & bottom chord Consists of planks which are arranged diagonally with short spaces in between them.  Mainly used in the construction of bridges . or wooden pins.Town Lattice Truss: Was an alternative to heavy-timber bridges. connect the bridge's timbers at each intersection of the truss system.

 Unique properties of a triangular object allow trusses to span across longer distances.  Can be installed quickly even without heavy equipment to lift it into place.  A triangular truss maintains its shape. preventing shift and sag.Advantages Of Truss :  Are Cost effective.  The shape of a triangle allows all of the weight applied to the sides to be redistributed down and away from the center. . Thus giving stability to the structure.

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