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You are on page 1of 15

By: Mikee JM L. Lim

Kryzyl Gene Cloma

Jasmin Damasing

Isabel Souribio

Standard Deviation

The Standard Deviation is a measure of

Its symbol is(the greek letter sigma)

The formula is easy: it is thesquare

rootof theVariance.

The formula is:

Wherexrepresents each value in the

population,xis the mean value of the

sample,is the summation (or total),

andn-1is the number of values in the

sample minus 1.

"What is the

Variance?"

Variance

Variance is the average of

To calculate the variance follow these steps:

Work out theMean(the simple average of the numbers)

Then for each number: subtract the Mean and square the

result (thesquared difference).

Then work out the average of those squared differences. (

Why Square?)

Example

You and your friends have just measured

Find out the Mean, the Variance, and the

Standard Deviation.

Mean:

Mean = 600 + 470 + 170 + 430 +300

= 1970 or

394

5

So the mean (average) height is 394 mm.

Let's plot this on the chart:

the Mean:

Now we calculate each dog's difference

from the Mean:

result:

the square root of Variance, so:

Standard Deviation= 21,704= 147.32...

And the good thing about the Standard

Deviation is that it is useful. Now we can show

which heights are within one Standard

Deviation (147mm) of the Mean:

withSampleData

Our example has been for

we are interested in).

But if the data is aSample(a selection

taken from a bigger Population), then the

calculation changes!

When you have "N" data values that are:

The Population: divide byNwhen

A Sample: divide byN-1when calculating

Variance

All other calculations stay the same,

instead of 5like this:

Sample Variance = 108,520 /4=27,130

Sample Standard Deviation = 27,130

=164(to the nearest mm)

Formulas

Here are the two formulas, explained at

know more:

The

"PopulationStandard Deviation":

The

"SampleStandard Deviation":

Mean Deviation

Mean of the distances of each value from their mean.

Yes, we use "mean" twice: Find the mean ... use it to

distances!

Three steps:

1. Find themeanof all values

2. Find thedistanceof each value from that mean (subtract

the mean from each value, ignore minus signs)

3. Then find themean of those distances

Like this:

Example: theMean Deviationof 3, 6, 6, 7,

8, 11, 15, 16

Step 1: Find themean:

Mean = 3 + 6 + 6 + 7 + 8 + 11 + 15 + 16

= 72 = 9

8

8

Distance

Value

from 9

Step 2: Find thedistanceof

each value from

3

6

that mean:

6

11

15

16

Mean Deviation= 6 + 3 + 3 + 2 + 1 + 2 + 6 + 7

= 30

8

8

=3.75

So, themean = 9, and themean deviation =

3.75

It tells us how far, on average, all values are from

the middle.

In that example the values are, on average, 3.75

away from the middle.

End of our

Discussion

Thank You For

Listening!

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