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THE SEA

DROWNS
A look at the serious problem of the garbage marine.

DISEO DE
DIAPOSITIVA DE
TTULO
Subttulo

The wrappers of food


Canisters, role, butts of
cigarettes.
Toys, plastic bags, glasses.
Syringes, lanterns, balloons,
cylinders.
Shoes, pieces of networks,
gloves.
Rims, toothbrushes,
nappies.
Packing's of oil of engine,
corks. Electronic teams and
wood.

For
example
:

WHAT IS THE MARINE


GARBAGE?
The marine garbage is any object produced by
the man who, on having been rejected,
eliminated or abandoned, enters the coastal
and marine ambiences. This can happen of
direct or indirect form.

FROM WHERE IT
COMES ?
All residue or material that is
disposed of, transports or stores in
an inadequate way can turn into
marine garbage.

Garbage and diverse objects


originated from urban and rural
localities, including agricultural
fields and mining areas located
to thousands of kilometers..

Systems inappropriate
collection, transport and
disposal of solid waste in
dumps may release the
garbage collected and make it
by action of the wind ends in
the marine environment.

TERRESTRIAL SOURCES
The inadequate disposition of garbage as result
of activities that happen close to the shore like:
to camp, to go to the beach, to go fishing,
sports events, cultural festivals, tourism and
commerce generates marine garbage.

MARINE SOURCES
All type of
vessel
Cargo vessels, military and
research;
fishing
boats
industrial,
tourism
and
recreation.
Boats of artisanal fisheries,
yachts,
among
others,
generated garbage navy
when persons on board
throw themselves into the
sea
various
objects,

Industrial fishing, artisanal and sporting, generated


garbage marina. (nets, traps, hooks, buoys, lines of
fishing, harpoons, boxes of bait, etc.)

DAMAGE TO THE ECOSYSTEMS


OF COSTA AND MARINE

Impairs the landscape; Negative impact on coastal marine


ecosystems.

Toxic substances as the present ones in the batteries,


batteries, packings of insecticides; they have the ability to
pollute and cause the death of marine life.
Abandoned nets, plastic covers, and other garbage can
suffocate and destroy reef coral, algae and seagrasses
ecosystems.
The same happens with mangrove swamps and estuaries that are
vital like areas of reproduction, refuge and feeding for a big variety
of marine species.

In the year
two
thousand
and fifty

Unless we change
our behavior in 2050
there will be at sea
more trash fish.

WHAT IS THE
COMPOSITION OF
THE GARBAGE IN THE
SEA?
The marine garbage consists up to 80 %
(eighty percent) for plastic, which for its
durability in the ambience - of more than
hundreds of years - constitutes the biggest
danger for the life in the sea. The remainder
20 % (twenty percent) consists of glass, wood
and paper.

Approximately 80% (eighty


percent) of waste that end up in
the sea from sources on land and an estimated 80% of all
such materials are made of
plastic.
But we modify our behavior as
soon as possible, by 2050 there
will be more plastic trash at sea.

DAMAGE TO MARINE LIFE


ENTANGLEMENT
Marine
mammals, CAN:
birds,
sea
turtles, fish, crustaceans, among
others,
may
be
trapped
or
entangled in garbage marine.
1.

Killing;
cause
amputations;

injuries

or

2.

Reduce or prevent the ability to


swim, find food and fend off
predators;

3.

Cause strangulation, drowning


or suffocation (for example,
when the sea lions escape with
pieces of nets on his neck, the
object gradually strangles the

whales and dolphins


, turtles and birds.

Marine animals
mistake plastic with
food

LESS PLASTIC IS MORE A SEA


Rejects

and
disposables.

minimizes

possible

use

of

packaging

and

Use bags and recyclable and reusable packaging.


Creative reuses plastic packaging and products way.
If you go for a walk, go back to your home with the garbage

that you have generated.


Participate in cleanups of beaches or if you live far from the

sea, choose a place and participate in cleanup activities


frequently.

VOCABULARY

Word

Meaning

Word

Meaning

Garbage
marine

Basura marina

Agricultural
fields

Campos
agrcolas

Drowns

se ahoga

Mining

Minera

Sea

Mar

Systems

Sistemas

Damage

Daar

Dumps

Vertedero

Plastic

Plstico

Wind

Vientos

Entanglement

Enredar

Industrial
fishing

Pesca Industrial

Ecosystems

Ecosistemas

Toxic
substances

Sustancias
toxicas

Sea turtles

Tortugas de mar

Reef coral

Arrecifes de
coral

Sources

Fuente

seagrasses

Pastos marinos

Terrestrial

Terrestre

mangrove
swamps

Manglares

THANKS
FOR THE
ATENTION