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CONSTRUCTION OF PALM ISLAND

AND CHALLENGES INVOLVED IN IT

CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION
PURPOSE AND VISION
SPECIFICATIONS
CHALLENGES INVOLVED
SOLUTIONS

INTRODUCTION

Introduction
One of the Mega structures of the
world
Located in Middle East, Dubai(UAE)
Artificial Island
Palm Jumeirah ,Deira and Palm Jabel
Ali
Can be seen from space

Purpose
Middle East, Dubai : Jewel of the Arab World.
Richest places built on the Profit of its Oil
Reserves.
Problem on the Horizon:
Disaster for the Economy.
New Source of Income.

Oil Run Out.

Vision
$2 Billion Plan to save his country.
Ordered his Kingdom to transform into
Worlds No. 1 Luxury Tourist Destination.
Perfect Spot Mass Tourism
5 million Tourists Annually
Triple it to 15 million.

Sheikh Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktou

Objective Problem and


Solution
Building a CITY at SEA
Coastline of Dubai 72 kms long
thus No enough space for extra 10
million people
Extend Coastline

SPECIFICATIONS
Should be built using adjoining natural materials(sand and
rock)
Palm tree structure with crescent shaped break water
The Arabian Gulf: Perfect place to build this mega structure.
160kms wide : too short
30m deep : too shallow

For catastrophic
waves

Final Calculations : Breakwater must be 3m high above the


waves and 11 kms long

Challenges Involved
Erosion from the sea.
Construction of break water 3m high above
sea level
Liquification
Sand is a weak soil
Construction of whole city on weak soil
Compaction required
Foundation

Rainbowing of Sand

Dredging of sand

Temporary settlement till


compaction
Simultaneous construction of
Break water and island base

Step 2 : Construction of Break water : Dredgers would collect sand from the
sea and dump it where break water was
to be constructed
For the construction 5.5 million cubic
meter of rock was needed. They were
taken from quarries of UAE.

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Each piece of rock weighed about 6 tons


which is excavated from 16 quarries
across UAE.

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Liquefaction
Lateral forces of an
earthquake can make the
island disappear.
This terrifying phenomenon is
called liquefaction.
It happens when a quake
shakes the Earth's surface,
causing sand particles to
move.
As the sand compacts, it
pushes the water between the
particles upwards, making the
ground liquefy.

Compaction for obtaining a


strong base
Support this city at sea.
Before any houses can be built, Island must
be made strong enough to prevent it from
liquefaction.
The engineers work out, they need to
compact a layer of sand 12 mts deep, too
deep to compact by normal road roller.
The only solution is a process called
Vibrocompaction.

Vibrocompaction to make soil fit for foundation


15 machines - to firm up the
land.
Probes drill over 200,000
holes into the ground across
the surface of the island.
High-pressure water and air
drives each probe deep into
the earth.
This shaft then vibrates,
shaking the ground around it.
The earth is compacted.
As the sand compacts and
sinks, more sand is poured in
until the area around the
probes is rock solid.

20th November 2008: Grand Opening