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TRANSPORT PLANNING ARROUND CONSERVATION FOREST AREA AT SUPIORI AS A NEW EXPANDING REGENCY OF BIAK ISLAND
R. Didin Kusdian Civil Engineering Departement Engineering Faculty of Sangga Buana YPKP University Email : kusdian@yahoo.com

Supiori as a New Regency
• Supiori was appear as a new regency on west side of Biak Island in Papua Province, Eastern of Indonesia. As a new autonomic administrative area Supiori Regency has some vision, mission, objectives, and goals, to improve the community live in all sectors by development programs. This is a unique point to be discuss, because before legitimated as one autonomic regency separated from Biak Numfor regency, the area of Supiori is dominated by conservation forest area. The first activity to reach this regency vision is arrange the area land use planning which still keep the boundary of conservation forest area. So this is interesting problem to arrange the development planning to increase the quality of community live in all sectors and at the same time the green area which covered by the law as the conservation forest must be kept at it boundary lines.

Land Use and Transport of Supiori As New Regecy
• After area land use planning arranged and reviewed, the second step must be arranged as a derivation of it, is transportation system planning. In the fact Supiori regency has only limited transportation infrastructure, with low quantity of dimension and low quality of structure. This study will explore the quantitative and qualitative aspects of transport planning analysis of Supiori regency in Biak Island. Data collecting is done in January, 2009 including land use planning review, traffic and existing transport infrastructure investigation, and social economics data. The data is got from the site as primary data and also from local government office in the form of statistical printed data and also maps as secondary data. For quantitative analysis of planning this study use the most known model of Four Step Transport Planning Model, especially the three steps including Trip Generation, Trip Distribution and Modal Split. The models was derived in form of mathematical model which can be processed in numerical data and output with use computer.

Trandportation Planning for Supiori Regency
• Trip generation was estimated from population and number of household data, and trip distribution calibrated with use primary traffic data which transform to be prior origin-destination matrix and distance matrix which transform to be cost matrix with negative exponential function, processed with gravity model and multi regression calibration to determine cost function parameter. The result using the model is quantity estimating of person and freight movement demand in Supiori Regency area in the form of future origin destination matrix which describe the movement from zone to zone inside this regency. From estimating results the transport planning and future program policy in transportation for this regency was stated. The resume of this are: port infrastructure, road and bridges and terminals planning for connecting each districts and separated little islands. All of these infrastructures prepared and controlled to be kept out of forest conservation area.

Map Of Supiori Regency

Transport Node Model
• With refer to The RTRW of Supiori Regency that has established in It local government policy, the activity center point which in modelling act as the center point of zone an in model calculation mean as nodes, identify according to following Criterias : 1.Hierarchy of cities system which satated in RTRW 2.Transportation system policy stated in RTRW 3.Distribution of center of district 4.Distribution of recidence centers at recidenced islands outside main island of Supiori (Biak). 5.Already act as existing transportation nodes.

Transport Node Model

Number

Map Of Supiori Regency

Existing Transportation Data of Supiori Regency

Length of Regen Year

Existing Road Condition Sorendiweri-Sabarmeokre

Abration at Sorendiweri

Existing Bridges Conditions

J e m b a ta n K a y u B e n t a n g a lo k B 10 m 12 m 14 m kayu kayu kayu L a n ta i L e b a r J kayu kayu kayu 5 m 5 m 5 m

Existing Bridges Conditions

Estimated Person Transport of Supiori Regency
Calculation and analysis result from secondary data, which use atraction and production index, is derived numerical estimation of production and atraction of transport demand as described in Table 3

Estimated Transport Demand Growth
and growth fat eno ught, as sh own in Table 4. s Table 4 Population Growth of Supiori Re gency Year
2 5 00 2 6 00 2 7 00 i 0.01713 0.173101 1.71% 17.31%

Accelerated with the re cent policy that establised Supiori as a new regency, the amount of population inc

Population
12201 12410 14313

‘ i per year

8.66%

Population gro wth than ad opted as the growth factor for production and atraction of pe rson tra nsport mo v this ca n be draw the estimatin g a mo unt a of transport demand in next the year of2019, and 202 20 29 as 20 14, 4, , sho wn in Table 5, Table 6 , Table 7and Tab le8, respectively. increase in next 2 0 years until the ye ar of 2 024.

This simple estimation give the de scription tha t transportation demand in Supiori R egency will be cont

Estimated Person Transport Demand Until 2029
Table 7 Estimating Transport Demand of Supiori Regency In The Year of 2029 Nama Pusat Kegiatan INTERNAL Sorendiweri Korido Yenggarbun Sabarmiokre Sowek Befondi Mapia Rani Aruri EXTERNAL Biak S upriori Timur S upriori Selatan S upriori Utara S upriori Barat Kep Aruri Kep Aruri Kep Aruri Kep Aruri Kep Aruri 3442 2274 1990 1646 4315 863 858 837 763 2814 2316 2274 2796 978 2867 937 816 995 832 3058 Nama Distrik Bangkitan (org/hari) Tarikan (org/hari)

Estimated Freight Transport of Supiori Regency
In this case the estimation of freight movement inside and outside of Supiori Regency is base on daily basic freight demand of population. The standar for this have issued by Ministry of Communication of Republic of Indonesia, as describe in Table 8. Tabel 8 Standard of Consumption sumsi per capita per year No 1 2 3 Komoditi Beras Gula Garam Konsumsi/ kapita/ tahun (kg) 145,47 14,04 7,88

4 Tepung 7,39 Sumber : Ministry of Communication Republic of Indonesia From Table 8 can be determine basic consumption demand of population for each district . Freight transport demand estimation calculating result in the form of freight production -atraction for future until the year of 2014, 2019,2024 dan 2029, is shown in Table 9, Table 10, Table 11, Table 1 2, respectively. Also in these table stated the demand of freight vehicles in according with 12 ton capacity of trucks. The growth of freight transport demand in future will attend to the demand of higher capacity of trucks.

Estimated freight transport demand for 2025
Table 12 Freight Production -Atraction Until T Y of 2029 he ear P uc rod tionG thC e ie t = row o ffic n 1.03 D pe e y D re s gC ffic n = e nd ntc ec a in oe ie t 0.75
Activity Center

D tric is t

Production

Atra t n T k[1 ton c p c c io ruc 2 a a ity] (to n/ye r) (to a n/ye r) Production Atra t n a c io 6323.76 6876.40 2917.31 5000.62 1502.43 300.49 298.79 291.46 265.80 23777 15080 42053.07 1286.51 506.85 931.21 2440.83 797.87 694.77 847.18 708.22 50267 7133 528 574 244 418 126 26 26 25 23 1990 1257 3504 107 42 78 203 66 58 71 59 4189 595

INTER NAL Sorendiweri Korido Yeng garbun Sabarm iokre Sowek Befondi Mapia Rani Aruri EXT ERNAL Biak

Supriori T ur im Supriori S elatan Supriori Utara Supriori B arat Kep Aruri Kep Aruri Kep Aruri Kep Aruri Kep Aruri Total

Transportation Development Program of Supiori Regency

T h e d e v e lo pm en t p ro g r am s ta te d for S u p io r i R e g e nc y in o r d er to a ntic ip ate th e it tr a b o ve is in c lu d e d s u rfa c e tra ns p o r t an d w a te r ( s e a ) tr a n s p o rt. F or s u r fac e tr a ns p o is d e v e lop e th e ne w r o a d o n w e s t a r ea o f B iadke Isto n d ,e in t is la n d lin k r o ad . or r la a k ou m

F re ig h t tra n s p o rt g r o w th i n an o th e r s id e n e ed to b e a n tic ip a te , if the e s tim a tin g a m c a lc u la ted a b o v e is h ap p e n d in f utu r e, o f c o u rs e th e e x s is tin g br id g e s th at r e c e nt p R e g e nc y a ll mbus t p la c e d b y s te e l o r c on c r e te br id g e s , w h ic h w ill s tr o ng e r en o u g h t e re h e a v y tr u c k s .

A n o th e r p r o gr a m b es i de s s u r fa c e tra n s p or t d e v e lo pm e n t is p or t d e v e lo pm e n t a t M E a s t S u p io r i D is tr ic . F or A ir tra ns p o r t t he im p o r ta n t p ro g ra m i s ta k e p la c e in s u r fa c th e d e m a ind im p r o v in g th e ro a d to b e u s e fro m a lls d is trS u pi or i R e g e n c y to be a r ri ve n ic ts in id e B ia k A irp o r t in tim e, a c c o r d ing w ith fly in g s c h e d ul e. T h e p ie r s or trad iti on a l little p o r t n e e d to b e d e v e lo pe d a t ea c h s e p a ra te d is la n d ( M B e fo n d i, a n d S o w e k ) in o rd e r to e s ta b lism m n n ic s y cn w ith m a in l an d o f S u p io ri R eg h a u ea atio o th at is th e w e s te rn s id e o f B ia k Is la n d .

Center of Activity and Transport Corridor Demand
Befondi Mafia

Gambar 2.2 Struktur Ruang Wilayah Kabupaten Supiori
Sumber : RTRW Kab Supiori

Sebagai Dasar Utama guna menentukan Simpul Transportasi
Sowek: Sub Pusat Aruri Rani

Sabar Meokre: Sub Pusat Sorendiweri: Pusat

Korido: Sub Pusat

S

PERSOALAN JARINGAN JALAN
• WILAYAH BARAT PULAU SUPIORI TIDAK TERJANGKAU JARINGAN JALAN

Kebijakan Transportasi

PENINGKATAN JALAN PEMBUATAN JALAN
C

C
Gambar 2.3 Rencana Hirarki Jalan Kabupaten Supiori
Sumber : RTRW Kab Supiori

Kebijakan Pemanfaatan Ruang

-Pemukiman diarahkan linier sepanjang jaringan jalan utama. Gambar 2.3 Kawasan Pembagian Pemanfaatan Lindung Ruang Kabupaten Supiori
Sumber : RTRW Kab Supiori

Sebagai Pembatas Pengembangan

Beginning of West Side Road Link Development

SEA TRANSPORTATION

Pelabuhan Sabar Meokre saat ini tidak beroperasi Sabar Meokre

Yenggarbu n

Korido

SBG WILAYAH PEMEKARAN KAB. SUPIORI MASIH TERGANTUNG KEPADA TRANSPORTASI LAUT KAB. BIAK NUMFOR

SPATIAL COMPONENTS OF TRANSPORTATION NODES

BEFONDI (Dermag MAPIA a) (Dermag a)

SABAR MEOKRE (Dermaga + Terminal )

YENGGARBUN (Dermaga+ Terminal)

SOWEK (Pelabuhan + Termnial) ARURI (Dermag a) RANI (Dermag a)

SORENDIWERI (Terminal dan Pelabuhan Peti Kemas) KORIDO (Pelabuhan Wisata + Terminal)

NSPORTATION CONNECTIONS NETWORK F DES

BEFONDI (Dermag MAPIA a) (Dermag a)

SABAR MEOKRE (Pelabuhan + Terminal)

YENGGARBUN (Dermaga+ Terminal) SORENDIWERI (Terminal)

SOWEK (Pelabuhan + Termnial) ARURI (Dermag a)

KORIDO (Pelabuhan + Terminal)

AKSES DARAT AKSES LAUT

RANI (Dermag

TRANSPORTATION NETWORK STRUCTURE

BEFONDI (Dermag MAPIA a) (Dermag a)

SABAR MEOKRE (Pelabuhan + Terminal)

YENGGARBUN (Dermaga+ Terminal) SORENDIWERI (Terminal)

SIMPUL PRIMER

SOWEK (Pelabuhan + Termnial) ARURI (Dermag a)

KORIDO (Pelabuhan + Terminal)

SIMPUL SEKUNDER AKSES DARAT AKSES LAUT

RANI (Dermag

DISCUSSION
• The important think to discuss in this paper is according to the special characteristic of Supiori Regency in case of that this regency is growth from conservation forest. Until the research of this topic held in the field, there is still the strictly rule that must be keep, about the boundary line of conservation forest in Supiori Regency. The discussion is have done too with RTRW planner team, and the commitment is make the development planning of this regency with still keep the boundary of conservation forest. So the future development area of regency capital city of Soriwendari is made in the shape of long line to southest direction, out side and following the shape of conservation forest boundary land.   Some key developments in reaching target audiences are now pinpointed because of their potential importance for the field and for transportation. Then a diverse set of threads, “catalyzing a future,” are identified which show promise for energizing the field of road ecology, as well as noticeably improving both surface transportation and nature on the land around us (Forman, 2003). The quality targets are the starting point when the desirable longterm state of the existing road network is formulated for important natural and cultural heritage assets Nilsson (2003). The relation between new road development even can be integrated with more details conservation program (DiGregoria, 2005; Austin et. Al., 2005). New roadway projects are not only aimed at alleviating congestion created by the growing population pressures, but are concurrently viewed in relation to the natural landscape. As future roadway alignments are considered, planners and designers are using the environmental landscape as a tool to design sustainable roadway projects in an effort to preserve a healthy intercon­nected landscape for future generations (Burn, 2007).

• •

CONCLUSSIONS
• • • • There are 3 clonclussion come from this study, as follows: Transport demand of Supiori Regency is still low. The development of transportation network in Supiori Regency, Biak Island is necessary to anticipate the population and economic growth till meet the optimum equilibrium between population-economic activity- ecology. Out line island ring road development at western of Biak Island, still need to make the back up transportation facilities beside water (sea) transportation, that can be used 24 hours per days along the year, and not depend on the seasons. Is this case boat transportation not always available if the sea wave is to high. New link road that across in direction of south-north in the middle of Supiori Regency is not allowable, because this can be destroy the conservation forest. Also in the same time, as have studied from tophographical data, it not technically feasible too.

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